Geography test 1
Card Set Information
Geography test 1
Geography test 1
a mathematical space described through points, lines, areas, planes and configurations, whose relationships can be fixed precisely through mathematical reasoning.
Relative Space ( socioeconomic, experiential/ cultural space.
socioeconomic space of sites, situations, routes, regions, and distributions.
( experiential, cultural space) - Places, ways, territories, domains, and words.
Sense of place
Feeling evoked among people as a result of the experiences and memories that they associate with a place and the symbolism that they attach to it.
Landscapes) Ordinary, Symbolic
Landscape- a collection of evidence about our character and experience, our struggles and triumphs as humans.
Ordinary- Vernacular landscapes- everyday landscaapes thaat that people create in the course of their lives togeather.( crowded citycenters, leafy suburbs)
Symbolic Landscapes- by contrast represent values or aspirations that the builders and financiers of those landscapes want to impart to a larger public.
Larger sized territory that encompasses many places, all or most of which share similar attributesin comparison with the attributes of places elsewhere.
Units you can count. ( kilometers, Miles)
relative measure Expressed in time, effort, or cost.
Location thats fixed mathematically through coordinates of latitude and longitude.
Relative Location Site: Situation:
Site:Physical attributes to a location, terrain, soil, vegetation and water resources.
: refers to location of a pllace, relative to other places and human activities. Use accesibility to route ways.
Systematic rendering on a flat surface of the geographic coordinates of the features found on earths surface
Regions that dominate trade, control the mast advanced technologies, and have high levels of productivity within diversified economies.
Regions with underdeveloped or narrowly specialized economies with low levels of productivity.
regions that are able to exploit peripheral regions but are themselves, exploited and dominated by core regions.
The establishment and maintenance of political and legal domination by a state over a separate and alien society.
Extension of the power of a nation through direct or indirect control of the economic and political life of other territories.
Act of Berlin
Shows contours of earths surface mountains and valley) Represent spacial dimensions of conditions processes or events.
systematic rendering on a flat surface of the geographic coordinates of the features found on earths surface.
geographic Information System (GIS)
Organized collection of computer hardware, software, and geographic data that is desighned to capture, store, update, manipulate, and display geographically refernced information.
Grose domestic product on countries borders. Sum of what nation produces per particular year.
GDP + income from other countries
Purchasing power parity, cost of goods in a country, cost of middle class existence.
Critical inmportance of an early staff in economic developement, a special case of external economies.
Cost savings that accrue to a particular industries as a result of clustering togeather ar a specific location.
Spiral buildup if advantages that occurs in a specific geographic settings as aresult or the developement of external economie,agglomeration effects, and localization economies.
Positive impacts on a region or regions of the economic growth of some other region.
Process by which domestic producers provide goods or services taht formerly were bought from foreighn producers.
Economic activities that are deliberately organized around one or more high growth industries
The negative economic effect of urbanization and the local concentrations of industry.
The withdrawal of investments from activities and regions that yield low rates of profit in order to reinvest in new activities ( and new places)
New Internaational Division of labor
Flexible production systems
Ability of manufacturers to shift quickly and efficiently from one level of output to another or from one product configuration to another.
Just in time production
Manufacturing process in which daily or hourly delivery schedules of materials allow for minimal or zero inventories.
Evolution from large functionally integrated firms within a given industry toward networks of specialized firms, subcontractors, and suppliers.
Reduction in the role and budget of government including reduced subsidiesand the privatization of formerly publicly ovned and operated concerns, such as utilities.
Independent political units with territorial boundaries that are internationally recognized by other states.
Exercise of state power overr people and territory, recognized by other states and codified by international law.
A group of people often sharing common elements of culture, such as religion or language or a history or political indentity.
Feeling of belonging to a nation as well as the belief that a nation was a natural right to determine its own affairs
defining and redefining of territorial district boundries.