Module 7 Lesson 4: vCenter Converter - VMware vSphere 4.1 Study Flash Cards

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Module 7 Lesson 4: vCenter Converter - VMware vSphere 4.1 Study Flash Cards
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Module 7 Lesson 4: vCenter Converter - VMware vSphere 4.1 Study Flash Cards
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  1. vCenter Converter

    What can vCenter Converter import?
    • 1.Physical machines
    • 2.Virtual machines
    • 3.System images

    • Windows and Linux sources
    • Hyper-V virtual machine sources
    • A variety of third-party image formats
  2. vCenter Converter

    vCenter Converter can export virtual machines. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True.
  3. vCenter Converter

    What does migration with VMware vCenter Converter involve?
    Migration with VMware vCenter Converter involves cloning the source machine or image and exporting it to a destination.
  4. vCenter Converter

    You can convert virtual machines that vCenter Server manages to different VMware virtual machine formats and export those virtual machines for use with other VMware products. True or False?

    If False? Why?
    True.
  5. vCenter Converter

    List 7 tasks you can perform using vCenter Converter.
    • 1. P2V and importing the virtual machines to vCenter Sever.
    • 2. Converting and importing VMs that were created by VMware Workstation or MS Virtual Server 2005 to vCenter Server.
    • 3. Converting third-party backup or disk images to vCenter Server virtual machines.
    • 4. Restoring VCB images to vCenter Server VMs.
    • 5. Exporting vCenter Server VMs to other VMware VMs formats.
    • 6. Reconfiguring vCenter Server virtual machines so that they are bootable.
    • 7. Customizing vCenter Server machines (for example, changing the host name or network settings).
  6. vCenter Converter Components

    What components does the vCenter Converter include?
    • 1. vCenter Converter Server (same or separate system from vCenter Server).
    • 2. vCenter Converter Agent - Prepares a powered-on machine (physical or virtual) for import from a remote machine running a vCenter Converter server.
    • 3. vCenter Converter client - consists of the vCenter Converter client plug-in, which provides access to the vCenter Converter Import, Export and Reconfigure wizards from the vSphere Client.
  7. vCenter Converter Requirements

    You can install vCenter Converter and the vCenter Converter client on Windows and Linux operating systems. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. You can install vCenter Converter and the vCenter Converter client only on Windows operating systems.
  8. vCenter Converter Requirements

    vCenter Converter supports Windows and Linux opertating systems as sources for powered-on machine import and virtual machine import and export. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True
  9. vCenter Converter Requirements

    List the installation disk space requirements for the vCenter Converter installation file and components.
    • Installation file - 100MB
    • vCenter Converter client - 25MB
    • vCenter Converter server - 300MB
    • vCenter Converter agent - 100MB
  10. vCenter Converter Requirements

    How much free space does vCenter Converter require on the source machine when performing a hot clone?
    vCenter Converter requires 350MB of free space on the source machine.
  11. vCenter Converter Requirements

    Source machines that are running Windows 2000 or Windows NT are not supported. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True
  12. vCenter Converter Requirements

    vCenter Converter supports ONLY pure IPv6 and IPv4 environments, where the source, the destination, and the vCenter Converter server and agent must run the same version of IP. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True.
  13. Cloning

    What does vCenter Converter use cloning and system reconfiguration for?
    vCenter Converter uses cloning and system reconfiguration to create and reconfigure virtual machines so that they work successfully in the vCenter Server environment.
  14. Cloning

    What is cloning?
    Cloning is the process of copying the source volumes to the destination virtual machine.
  15. Cloning

    The destination virtual disk will have an identical geometry, size and file layout, so the destination virtual disk will be an exact copy of the source disk. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. The destination virtual disk might have a different geometry, size, and file layout, so the destination virtual disk might not be an exact copy of the source disk.
  16. Cloning

    What does system reconfiguration do?
    System reconfiguration adjusts the migrated operating system to enable it to function properly on virtual hardware.
  17. Cloning

    What must be done to run an imported virtual machine on the same network as the source physical machine?
    Modify the network name and IP address on one of the machines and make sure that the windows source machine and the destination virtual machine have different computer names.
  18. Cloning

    Hot cloning, also called live cloning or online cloning, involves cloning the source machine while it is running its operating system. Why is the resulting virtual machine not an exact copy of the source machine?
    Because processes continue to run on the source machine during the conversion.
  19. Cloning

    You can set vCenter Converter to synchronize the destination virtual machine with the source machine after hot cloning. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True
  20. Remote Hot Cloning of a Windows System

    With remote hot cloning, the Windows source machine is powered on and accessed through an agent. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True
  21. Remote Hot Cloning of a Windows System

    After the user initiates the remote hot cloning task, how many stages does the hot clone go through which are performed by vCenter Converter without any user involvement and what are they?
    Four Stages:

    • 1. Preparing the source machine for conversion.
    • 2. Preparing the virtual machine on the destination machine.
    • 3. Completing the conversion process.
    • 4. Cleaning up.
  22. Remote Hot Cloning of a Windows System

    After a user initiates the remote hot cloning process, what are the three steps taken by the hot clone during the first of four stages - "Preparing the source machine for conversion" ?
    • 1. vCenter Converter server installs the vCenter Converter agent on the source machine.
    • 2. The agent takes a snapshot of the source volume using MS VSS.
    • 3. The VSS snapshot saves the state of the source volume during the hot-cloning process.

    VSS snapshots are also used to synchronize the destination virtual machine with the source machine after the initial conversation.
  23. Remote Hot Cloning of a Windows System

    After a user initiates the remote hot cloning process, what are the two steps taken by the hot clone during the second of four stages - "Preparing the virtual machine on the destination machine" ?
    • 1. vCenter Converter creates a new virtual machine on the destination ESX/ESXi host.
    • 2. The vCenter Converter agent copies the VSS snapshot from the source machine to the destination host.
  24. Remote Hot Cloning of a Windows System

    After a user initiates the remote hot cloning process, what are the two steps taken by the hot clone during the third of four stages - "Completing the conversion process" ?
    • 1. The vCentrer Converter agent installs required drivers to allow the operating system to boot in the virtual machine.
    • 2. The vCenter Converter agent customizes the virtual machine. For example, it changes IP information.
  25. Remote Hot Cloning of a Windows System

    After a user initiates the remote hot cloning process, what are the three steps taken by the hot clone during the fourth of four stages - "Cleaning up" ?
    • 1. The agent removes all traces from the source machine.
    • 2. The VSS snapshot created in stage 1 is deleted.
    • 3. The vCenter Converter agent is uninstalled from the source machine. You have the option of uninstalling the agent automatically or manually.
  26. Remote Hot Cloning of a Windows System

    Remote hot cloning is not supported for Linux systems. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. Remote hot cloning is supported for Linux systems.

    • The conversion process of physical machines that are running Linux operating systems differs from that of Windows machines. In Windows conversions, the vCenter Converter agent is deployed to the source machine and the source information is pushed to the destination. In Linux conversions, no agent is deployed on the source machine. Instead, a helper virtual machine is created and deployed on the destination ESX/ESXi host. The source data is then copied from the source Linux machine to the helper virtual machine. After the conversion is complete, the helper virtual machine shuts down to become the destination virtual machine the next time you power it on.
    • vCenter Converter supports conversion of Linux sources only to managed destinations.
  27. Importing a Machine

    Once you are logged on to the vSphere Client, what are the steps (client navigation) to start the import of a machine using vCenter Converter?
    Right-click the ESX/ESXi host in the inventory and select Import Machine.
  28. Importing a Machine

    When does the Import Machine selection option become available in the vSphere Client?
    The Import Machine selection option is available only if you download and install the vCenter Converter plug-in into the vSphere Client.
  29. Importing a Machine

    What sources does the Import Machine wizard allow you to import from?
    • Powered-on physical or virtual machine.
    • VMware infrastructure virtual machine - A VM on an ESX/ESXi host , whether or not it is managed by vCenter Server.
    • VMware Workstation or other VMware virtual machine - A VM created in a VMware hosted product, such as VMware Workstation or VMware Fusion.
    • Backup image or third-party virtual machine that is supported by vCenter Converter.
    • Hyper-V Server - Virtual machines thar are managed by Hyper-V Server.
  30. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    Name/list the 7 optional settings the Import Machine Wizard allows you to further define for a destination virtual machine's hardware resources?
    • 1. Destination attributes.
    • 2. Data to copy.
    • 3. Devices.
    • 4. Networks.
    • 5. Services.
    • 6. Advanced options.
    • 7. Throttling.
  31. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    Describe the "Destination attributes" Import Machine Wizard optional setting.
    Destination attributes - If you use folders in your virtual environment to manage groups of virtual machines, you can select a folder to accommodate the destination virtual machine.
  32. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    Describe the "Data to copy" Import Machine Wizard optional setting.
    Data to copy - You can copy all disks to the destination or select which volumes to copy and which to exclude. Allows options such as:

    • Resizing a volume
    • Deleting a volume
    • Moving a volume to a different virtual disk
    • Adding a virtual disk
    • Deleting a disk
    • Copying all disks to the distination
  33. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    Data is copied to the destination using one of two cloning modes. What are they?
    volume-based or disk-based.
  34. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    What is Volume-based cloning used for?
    Volume-based cloning is used for hot cloning and for importing existing virtual machines.
  35. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    In volume-based cloning what is the type of all volumes created in the destination virtual machine regardless of the type in the corresponding source machine?
    All volumes in the destination virtual machine are basic volumes.
  36. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    When is volume-based cloning at the file level performed?
    Volume-based cloning at the file level is performed when you specify a size smaller than the original volume.
  37. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    When is volume-based cloning at the block level performed?
    Volume-based cloning at the block level is performed when you specify the same or a larger volume size than the original volume.
  38. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    Depending on the cloning mode, some types of source volumes might not be supported. What types are not supported?
    • RAID
    • Windows NT 4 fault-tolerant volumes*
    • GUID partition table (GPT)

    Windows NT 4 with mirrored volumes are supported.
  39. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    What is Disk-based cloning used for?
    Disk-based cloning is used to import existing virtual machines.
  40. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    Disk-based cloning supports all types of basic and dynamic disks. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True
  41. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    Disk-based cloning transfers all sectors from all disks and preserves all volume metadata. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True. The destination virtual machine receives the same partitions, of the same type, as the partitions of the source virtual machine. All volumes on the source machine's partitions are copied as they are.
  42. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    You can change the number of processors that the destination virtual machines uses. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True.
  43. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    You can not change the amount of memory allocated to the destination virtual machine. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. You can change the amount of memory allocated to the destination virtual machine. By default vCenter Converter recognizes the amount of memory on the source machine and allocates it to the destination virutal machine. A warning appears if you set the memory amount to more than the maximum supported or to less than the required minimum.
  44. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    The destination virtual machine must maintain the same type of disk controllers as the source machine. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. You can use the same type of disk ontrollers that are installed on the source machine. Or you can select a disk controller type for the destianation virtual disks.
  45. Import Machine Wizard Options (1)

    You can change the number of network adapters and set the network that the destination virutal machine uses. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    True. You can also set network adapters to connect to the network when the destination virtual machine powers on.
  46. Import Machine Wizard Options (2)

    Stopping services is available when you import powered-on or powered-off Windows machines. True or False?

    If False, Why?
    False. Stopping services is available only when you import powered-on Windows machines. Stop services in combination with synchronization to prevent data loss during synchronization.
  47. Import Machine Wizard Options (2)

    What does importing a powered-on machine mean?
    It means that vCenter Converter copies data from the source machine to the destination machine while the source machine is still running and generating changes.
  48. Import Machine Wizard Options (2)

    Name 3 vCenter Converter Advanced Options choices.
    • 1. Synchronize source and destination - synchronizing changes that occur to the source during cloning.
    • 2. Postconversion power state changes - power off source or power on destination.
    • 3. Postconversion processing (synchronization) - transfer of data for the second time by copying only changes made during the first transfer of data.
  49. Import Machine Wizard Options (2)

    For what operating systems is the Synchronization vCenter Converter advanced option available?
    Windows XP or later source opertating systems.
  50. Import Machine Wizard Options (2)

    Regarding the vCenter Converter Synchronization advanced option, what happens if you resize FAT volumes or shrink NTFS volumes?
    If you resize FAT volumes or shrink NTFS volumes, you cannot use the synchronization advanced option.
  51. Import Machine Wizard Options (2)

    What is Throttling?
    Throttling is the control of CPU and network resources during conversion. A conversion task competes for computing resources with other processes. You cannot throttle disk I/O from the vCenter Converter interface, but you can throttle it indirectly by throttling the network.
  52. Changes to Virtual Hardware

    Why should most applications function correctly in the virtual machine after conversion?
    Because the application configuration and data files have the same locations as they did on the source machine.
  53. Changes to Virtual Hardware

    When might applications not work after conversions?
    Applications might not work if they depend on specific characteristics of the underlying hardware.
  54. Changes to Virtual Hardware

    When troubleshooting after virtual machine migration, name 4 potential hardware changes that should be noticed/identified as the possible cause.
    • 1. The CPU model and serial numbers (if activated) can be different after the migration.
    • 2. Ethernet adapter can be different, with a different MAC address.
    • 3. Graphics card can be different.
    • 4. Disk device can have a different model and different manufacturer strings.
  55. Changes to Virtual Hardware

    Name 8 settings that remain identical after conversions.
    • 1. Operating system configuration
    • 2. Computer name
    • 3. SID
    • 4. User accounts
    • 5. Profiles
    • 6. Preferences
    • 7. Applications and data files
    • 8. Disk partition volume serial number

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