Human Behavior and the Environment

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Author:
Anonymous
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141372
Filename:
Human Behavior and the Environment
Updated:
2012-03-13 13:16:55
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first two years
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Unit 3
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  1. The process by which an infant forms a strong emotional tie to a caregiver.
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    attachment
  2. Early communication in which a baby puts vowel and consonant sounds together and repeats them over and over.
    babbling
  3. The ability to place objects into groups on the basis of their similarities.
    categorization
  4. Development that progresses from the head to the fee
    cephalocaudal
  5. Process by which family
    interactions affect interactions with the infant and affect the infant’s
    interactions with the caregivers, which then affect family
    interactions.
    circular influences
  6. Uncontrollable, extended crying in a baby who is otherwise healthy and well fed.
    colic
  7. The ability to transfer
    information gained from one sense to another sense. An example would be
    picking out a picture of something you had only felt with your hands.
    cross-modal transfer
  8. A baby characterized by unpredictable daily habits, negative, intense mood, and slow adaptability.
    difficult child
  9. The process by which an individual attends to a new stimulus after habituating to a previous stimulus.
    dishabituation
  10. A baby characterized by
    regular, positive responses to new stimuli, high adaptability to change,
    and mild or moderately intense mood, which is usually positive.
    easy child
  11. Condition in which a child’s weight falls below the 5th percentile for the child’s age.
    failure to thrive
  12. A series of actions put together to achieve a desired result.
    goal-directed behavior
  13. How well the demands of the environment match the child’s behavioral style. Grief The normal, emotional reaction to loss.
    goodness of fit
  14. The process by which an individual stops responding to a stimulus.
    habituation
  15. The use of one word to express the meaning of a whole sentence.
    holophrastic speech
  16. The process by which a child takes several random activities and puts them together to achieve a goal.
    intentional means-end behavior
  17. Child abuse in which the caregiver induces symptoms of illness in the child.
    Munchausen’s syndrome by proxy
  18. The ability to hold an image of an object or person in one’s mind.
    object permanence
  19. Babies’ attention to something they fi nd interesting, without being distracted from it.
    obligatory attention
  20. Adoption in which the birth
    mother and sometimes birth father participate in choosing the adoptive
    family, and often remain in contact with the child after adoption
    open adoption
  21. Use of one word to include a larger category. An example is referring to all furry creatures as a dog.
    overextension
  22. Development that progresses from the spine outward to the extremities.
    proximodistal
  23. The first stages of sleep, characterized by non-rapid eye movement.
    quiet sleep
  24. Distress displayed by an infant in the absence of the primary caregiver. Usually begins around 8–10 months.
    separation anxiety
  25. Developmental process proposed
    by Margaret Mahler in which the infant grows from having no sense of
    self as separate from the caregiver to being an autonomous, independent
    individual.
    separation-individuation
  26. Infant abuse in which an adult shakes the infant, causing brain damage.
    shaken infant syndrome
  27. A child who exhibits a sedate,
    less exuberant orientation to life. These babies are slow to adapt to
    new situations and many times have negative responses.
    slow-to-warm-up child
  28. The process by which an infant
    looks to others for emotional information about how to respond in an
    unfamiliar situation or to an unfamiliar person or object.
    social referencing
  29. Distress displayed by an infant at the sight of an unfamiliar face. Usually begins around 5–6 months.
    stranger anxiety
  30. The use of only words that are absolutely necessary to convey a message.
    telegraphic speech
  31. The characteristic pattern by which an infant responds to and interacts with the environment.
    temperament
  32. During infant brain development, the period of rapid growth of dendrites.
    transient exuberance
  33. Something (a blanket, toy, or teddy bear) the infant uses for comfort in the absence of the primary caregiver.
    transitional object
  34. Adoption in which the child is of a different race than the adoptive parents.
    transracial adoption

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