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- A desktop consists of pictures or icons that show files, folders, and various
- types of documents such as letters, reports, and pictures.
A program or group of programs designed for end users.
- A bar across the bottom of the screen that displays active programs and the
- start button
- A program in the program menu that lists the files and drives on a
An icon on the desktop that lists the files and drives on a computer.
My Computer Window:
- This window displays the organization of the computer,
- including all of the disk drives.
A program that limits the websites that can be viewed.
A program that protects a computer from a computer virus.
- An icon on the Windows desktop that represents a directory where deleted
- files are temporarily stored.
File Folder Hierarchy:
- A hierarchical system in computers is a file system, in which
- directories have files and subdirectories beneath them. Such a file organization is, in
- fact, called a hierarchical file system . To move up one level in the file hierarchy, click the
- up arrow button.
- An abbreviation for binary term, a unit of storage capable of holding a single
- A kilobyte is 1,024 bytes, but it is often used loosely as a synonym for 1,000
- bytes. Kilobyte is frequently abbreviated as K, KiB, or KB.
- A megabyte is 1,048,576 bytes. Megabyte is frequently abbreviated as M,
- MiB, or MB.
- One gigabyte is equal to 1,024 megabytes. Gigabyte is often abbreviated as G,
- GiB, or GB.
To summarize, some common file size units are:
- a) 1 KiB = 1,024 bytes
- b) 1 MiB = 1,048,576 bytes
- c) 1 GiB = 1,073,741,824 bytes
- To search for a file in My Computer, use the following criteria; all or part
- of the file name, a word or phrase in the file, the date when the file was modified.
- A special symbol that stands for one or more characters. The asterisk (*) is a
- wild card that stands for any combination of letters.
Compressed File or Folder:
Storing data in a format that requires less space than usual.
- A special file or memory area (buffer) where data is stored temporarily
- before being copied to another location.
- There are several applications called Web browsers that make it easy
- to access the World Wide Web; Two of the most popular being Netscape Navigator and
- Microsoft's Internet Explorer:
C: Drive, also known as Hard Drive, and Fixed Drive:
- The internal computer mechanism
- that reads and writes data on a hard disk. A disk drive rotates the disk very fast and has
- one or more heads that read and write data.
- A drive that is usually reserved for your zip drive, but not always. Drive letters
- are assigned in a specific order.
- A drive that is usually reserved for your CD or DVD drive, but not always. Drive
- letters are assigned in a specific order.
- Emoticons are emotional graphics‐‐visual ways to express the way you feel
- when words alone just aren't enough. A smiley face ( ) is often used in text
- communications to convey an emotion with a message. Smilies are used in text
- messages in the same way voice changes and facial expressions are used in face‐to‐face
- or telephone conversation.
- Abbreviated IM, a type of communications service that enables you
- to create a kind of private chat room with another individual in order to communicate in
- real time over the Internet, analogous to a telephone conversation but using text‐based,
- not voice‐based, communication. Typically, the instant messaging system alerts you
- whenever somebody on your private list is online. You can then initiate a chat session
- with that particular individual.
- Real time refers to events that occur at the same time that they would occur
- in real life. For example instant messaging and chats are real time.
icon, folder, file, or hyperlink
select object with mouse
double left‐click that opens the object
opens the shortcut menu for the clicked object
picture of mouse pointer on the screen (possibly blinking)
Drag and Drop:
moving one object into another object
list of options for an object
menu of shortcut options for the object
icons linked to objects
Button at lower left-hand corner of desktop
- Menu accessed by the start button that lists programs, documents, control
- panel, run, etc.
list of menu choices below a menu heading
- bar below the title bar in a program that organizes the program’s commands
- (ex. File, Edit, View, Window, Help, etc.)
lists the programs on a computer through the start button
- Right click any file in any window, and you should see Open With in the
- shortcut list. Click Open With and choose how you want to open your files. This is a
- valuable tool when you are trying to open a file for which you do not have the
- application on your computer.
- An enclosed, rectangular area on a display screen. Most modern operating
- systems and applications have graphical user interfaces (GUIs) that let you divide your
- display into several windows . Within each window, you can run a different program or
- display different data.
- Bar across the top of a program that has the title of the program and file name
- written within it
- located in the title bar, contains minimize (‐) and restore down or
- maximize () buttons
window that opens offering options before a command can be done
- vertical bar down the right‐hand side and horizontal bar across the bottom of
- the window that moves the window up/down/left/right
bar below a menu bar with icons for program commands
- A preset document that contains the formatting needed. All you have to do
- is fill in the blanks.
file created by a word processor (MSWord, Wordpad, Notepad)
- To change the style, font, size, and look (bold, italic, underline) of
- words (text) in a document.
- Change the LOOK of a paragraph by changing the indention, spacing,
- etc., but NOT the content (information).
- Selecting a lot of words by dragging the cursor over the words while
- holding the left mouse button
Open an application and enter data.
To copy data from a temporary area to a more permanent storage medium
- To make changes to the content of the document [but NOT the STYLE (text, style,
- font, size, and look etc).]
A collection of data or information that has a name, called the filename
Allows you to send a document to a printer to get a hard copy (paper copy).
- The word processor automatically moves to the next line when you have
- filled one line with text, and it will readjust text if you change the margins.