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The two objects worn by men during a formal morning prayer are:
Where is the instructions for wearing the Tefillin found?
In the Shema prayer.
Quote part of the Shema that commands Jews to wear a Tefillin.
"Hold fast to them as a sign upon your hand, and let them be as reminders before your eyes."
What is a Tallit? What is the purpose?
- A four cornered garment that is worn during morning prayers. With most important part of the tallid being the tzitzit, or "fingers".
- To remember the commandments.
Describe the Tefllin.
- 2 small black boxes wrapped around head and arm.
- Must be made from leather of a Kosher animal.
- They contain parchments on whihc are written the four sections of the Torah in which they are mentioned.
- Must be hand written.
The Sefer Torah is a ______ copy of the Torah, and is the ____ book within Judaism. It must meet extremely strict ____ standards of production. It is stored in the holiest spot in the synagogue, the _____ _____ ("_____ _____").
The Sefer Torah is a handwritten copy of the Torah, and is the holiest book within Judaism, It must meet extremely strict kosher standards of production. It is stored in the holiest spot in the synagogue, the Aron Kodesh ("holy arc").
What is a scribe called in Hebrew?
Why is the sofer important? What does he do?
- Writes Torah scrolls used in synagogue (Sefer Torah).
- Writes small scrolls which go inside the tefillin and mezuzot.
- Checks and repairs the above.
- Write a "get" (divorce document).
- Sofer has very important job - must be trustworthy and have great integrity.
What prayer is written down in the scrolls of the tefillin and mezuzah?
What is the mezuzah?
- Parchment scroll in a decorative case fixed to every doorpost of a Jewish house (apart from toilet, as this is disrespectful).
- When Jews pass the mezuzah they kiss it.
Why is the prayer in the synagogue significant?
- Aid communication with God
- Bringing God into the Jew's life on a daily basis, through highly regulated ritual/ practice.
What is the Jewish word for prayer, and what does it mean?
- Comes from the word "to judge oneself" - formal prayer in Judaism is a reminder of their obligation.
What did prayer replace in the Jewish tradition? And why did it emerge?
- Prayer had to take place of the sacrifices that were done when the Temple existed.
- The Temple, however, was destroyed in 586 BCE and again in 70CE.
How many times does prayer have to be said in a day and what is the origin of this?
- 3 times a day.
- As a substitute for the thrice daily sacrifices once performed in the Temple.
Orthodox men pray 3 times a day (ideally in synagogue, or at home). Name the 3 services.
- Morning service - Shacharit (tallit and tefflin is worn)
- Afternoon service - Mincha
- Evening service - Ma-ariv
What is the Jewish prayer book called?
- Siddur ("order") - because it contains a set order of daily prayers as well as Sabbath and other holy days/festivals.
- Siddur also contains blessings for every occasion, including meeting an outstanding rabbi, hearing thunder, and seeing a beautiful woman.
Prayer is a skill to be learnt, and the ______ can help train a Jew.
Prayer is a skill to be learnt, and the siddur can help train a Jew.
How many adult males have to be present for a public service? And what is this number of people called?
- There must be at least 10 Jewish males. (women cannot be counted - sexism in Judaism here?)
- This is called a minyan.
Give an example of a prayer that cannot be said without a minyan.
Mourners' Kadish (said as part of mourning ritual in all prayer services, and is also said at funerals and memorials).
The minyan concept encourages Jews to attend the ______.
The minyan concept encourages Jews to attend the synagogue.
What is the important prayer that is recited in every daily service called?
- Amidah / shemoneh esreh. ("amidah" means "standing")
- This prayer is the core of every Jewish service, the central prayer of Jewish liturgy, covering just about everything.
- Can also be called the Tefilah - as in The Prayer.
The Amidah is to be said _____. Why?
- to be said silently.
- Guideline of silent prayer comes from Hannah's behavior (from book of Samuel) during prayer in the Temple, wanting to bear a child.
- She prayed "speaking upon her heart".
- Jews see silent prayer as the most powerful and most holy.