WHAP study session
Card Set Information
WHAP study session
political I vocab
Hammurabi's Law Code
first written law codes
public works projects
used by leaders to provide employment of the population and to validate the leader's power
migratory people who herd animals
a group of people bound by similar culture and kin groups; could be violent/warlike/tribal.
characterized by large cities, monumental architecture and public buildings, complex political organization, written language, specialized labor, advanced art, literature, and long distance trade.
ruler of land beyond his/her own land
administrative government officials who are not elected who do the work of the government.
family groups that rules a kingdom; a hereditary position
community of faith in Isalm; crossed tribal boundaries to create a degree amount of political unity.
government where people elect representatives
rule by the wealthy landowning elites
Mandate of Heaven
Chinese dynasties rule at the will of the gods and when it is lost, the dynasty would fall.
Yellow Turban Revolt
Daoists in Han China who rebel against the weak emperor and self indulgent bureaucracy (they were not successful)
when a government is solidly controlled from one area like an emperor with a well functioning bureaucracy
when a government is not solidly controlled form one area, but is fragmented possibly into regional states
not much political unity due to diversity or geographical barriers
control over a region socially, economically; cultural and ideological influence by a dominant group.
successors who ruled after Muhammad's death
a political system based on reciprocity emphasizing loyalty
gaining a position because of education or other specific qualificantion, not because of family position.
African societies organized around kinship and lacking the concentration of politcal power.
a tax collected from a weaker power by a stronger power
argued that rulers get power from the people they ule note from heaven, people have the right to rebel if the ruler oversteps his bounds.
fear of outsiders
Treaty of Tordesillas
the Pope's dicision of the new world. Portugal and Spain.
Battle of Lepanto
the powerful Ottoman navy lost to Philip II's navy of Spain loosening Ottoman control over the eastern Mediterranean
Siege of Vienna
Ottoman Empire is defeated in its push West into Eastern Europe
young Christian boys who were captured by the Ottoms converted to Islam and trained to be soldiers and bureaucrats
top official in the Ottoman Empire
chief administrative official in Abbasid caliphate
Glorious Revolution/Bloodless Revolution
After the English Civil War established a constitutional government and limited the power of the king and allowed wealther merchants to participate in the government
followed in English colonies; allowed colonies to set up their own structures and run their own affairs in the New World.
someone who received land (fief) in return for service
monarchs with total power who passed laws without parliaments and appointed loyal bureaucracies an dprofession armies; used the church to their advantage.
military goevrnment of Japan
nomadic pastoralists of the Arabian peninsula
a city that functions as a state and rules itself
Russian aristocrats who had less power than aristocrats in western Europe
regional warriors in Japan who ruled small kingdoms
Justinian Law Codes
Most famous compilation of Roman law codes
used to organize people based on their political power; people's place in society sometimes based on religion
listed the rights of the nobility and the right to counsel led to the creation of Parliament in England; limited the power of the king
emphasized how to seize and maintain power in his Italian Renaissance work
White Lotus Society
secret religion society dedicated to overthrowing the Yuan dynasty; typical of peasants resistance of Mongol rule.