lstar

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
141591
Filename:
lstar
Updated:
2012-03-14 16:30:54
Tags:
nbce
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Description:
irene gold
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  1. past health history
    shitamed

    • surgeries
    • hospitalizations
    • infections
    • traumas
    • allergies
    • meds
    • e...
    • d...
  2. social/personal history
    dearhosss

    • diet
    • exercise
    • alcohol
    • rec drugs
    • hobbies
    • occupation
    • sleep
    • sex
    • stress
  3. hordoleum
    sebacous gland
  4. chalazion
    meibomian gland
  5. slow reaction to light seen with parasymp lesion of CN 3
    adies pupil
  6. arroyo's sign
    slow reaction to light due to hypoadrenalism aka ADDISONS DX
  7. glaucoma
    • cresent sign
    • tonometer
    • cupping of the optic disc
    • peripheral vision loss
    • rings around lights (rods)
  8. choked disc or papilledema
    • no visual loss
    • brain tumor or hemorrage
    • increase pressure in the brain
  9. central vision loss, drusen sign, problems with cones and seeing during the day
    • macular degen
    • m/c reason fro blindness in elderly
  10. curtains closing
    painless onset of blindess
    • retinal detachment
    • floaters and flashes
  11. diabetic retinopathy
    av nicking, sliver wire deformity, neovascularization, microanyuresms, exudates, dish
  12. presbyopia vs presbycussis
    lens hardening, sensorineural loss in older people unable to hear high freq
  13. viral rhinitis vs allergic rhinitis
    red, blue
  14. hypothyroidism
    • intolerance to cold
    • coarse dry hair
    • macroglossia
  15. excruciating pain like never before in the basilar area, stiff neck, worse with stress
    subarachnoid hemorrhage
  16. cheyne stokes breathing
    respiratory acidosis
  17. kassumaul's breathing
    air hunger breathing, metabolic acidosis
  18. pulse seen with aortic regurg or stenosis
    pulsus bisferiens or water hammer pulse "pistol shot pulse"
  19. where are all heart sounds heard best?
    erbs point.. 3rd on the right

    mitral - left decubitus position
  20. stenosis

    regurgitation
    bell, low pitch

    diaphragm, high pitch
  21. arms and prts occur in...
    diastole
  22. 2nd most common cause of
    Left heart failure

    Right heart failure
    aortic stenosis

    mitral stenosis
  23. marfan's syndrome
    ventricular weakening, spinder fingers, tall, lens subluxation
  24. angina pectoris
    worse with exertion, viscerosomatic reflex, crushing chest pain, feels like a weight on chest
  25. primary heart block

    secondary

    complete
    increased pr interval

    two p waves

    no qrs complex
  26. what is used to detect murmurs?
    echocardiogram
  27. conjugated billirubin
    after lifer, water soluble, gallstones
  28. tests classic for liver
    SGPT/ALT and GGT
  29. clay colored stool
    pacreatic cancer
  30. screening test for DM

    best but most dangerous

    monitoring test
    FBG

    GTT

    HbAIC
  31. virchows node
    • stomach cancer
    • left supraclaviclar lymph node
  32. shilling test
    appendicitis and megaloblastic anemia (B9 and B12)
  33. waxy or fatty casts
    nephrotic syndrome
  34. rbc casts
    nephrtitic or acute glomerulonephritis
  35. caused by e.coli in females and n. gonnorrhea in males
    • urethritis
    • nitrates in the urine
  36. extremely high HCG
    hydatifrom mole
  37. urge

    stress

    overflow
    overactive

    weak floor muscles

    constant dribble (MS patietns)
  38. excess tobacco smoking, non healing ulcers, gangrene
    buergers
  39. perthe's test (tourniquet test)
    varicose veins
  40. reflex sympathetic dystrophy aka comples regional pain syndrome
    • intense pain out of proportion to severity of injury
    • burning pain, skin senstitivity , sweating, swelling
  41. blanching with a glass slide
    telengectasia
  42. MCV normal
    90
  43. howell jolly bodies
    sickle cell
  44. megaloblastic anemia
    • macro normo
    • b9 and b12 def (pernicous)
    • PLS
    • shilling test
  45. iron def. anemia
    hypo micro
  46. normo normo anemia
    • mm
    • ra
    • acute blood loss
    • aplastic anemia (overall hyplasia of bone marrow)
  47. normal casts in urine

    tubular damange
    hyaline

    epithelial
  48. increased albumin
    dehydration

    decreased: nephrosis
  49. CRP
    increased: tissuse death, infections, RA
  50. increased protein
    MM, diabetic acidosis
  51. syphilis
    • TPI and FTA..VDRL is screening test
    • hutchintons triad: permnant notched insicors, CN 8 deafness, interstial keratisis, penicillin, aortic valve
  52. COPD tests
    arterial blood glass, spirometer

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