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Author:
nicoledsm1
ID:
141610
Filename:
ch
Updated:
2012-03-14 18:44:17
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Otorhinolaryngologic
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Otorhinolaryngologic
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  1. the sense of smell is called the
    olfactory sense
  2. the olfactory nerve fibers pass through the cribriform plate in the roof of the nose, where they integrate with the
    olfactory bulb
  3. the sense of smell is processed in the olfactory cortex of the
    temporal lobe
  4. inflammation of the nasal mucosa, usually evidenced by excessive mucous production
    Rhinitis
  5. growths that originate from mucous membrane
    Polyp
  6. Permanent enlargement of the turbinates or nasal conchae may occur as a result of
    chronic rhinitis
  7. typically straight at birth. during aging, it tends to deviate to one side or the other. may also be due to trauma
    nasal septum (deviated septum)
  8. the nasal septum may become perforated due to
    carcinoma, chronic infection, intractable picking, occupational chemical exposure, or substance (cocaine) abuse.
  9. the main cause of nosebleed
    Trauma
  10. Diagnostic procedures/test to nasal and paranasal sinus include
    direct vision, mirror examination and radiography
  11. during nasal procedures the head is placed on a headrest and may be raised to
    reduce bleeding and prevent edema
  12. the use of a small table may be requeste to hold the supplies necessary for administering the local. this "clean" setup includes:
    • 2 med cups
    • 2 local syringes
    • 2 25- or 27-gauge x 2-in needles
    • long cotton-tip applicators
    • Packing material
    • Local anesthetic
    • Topical anestetic
    • Nasal speculum
    • Bayonet forceps
    • small scissorss
  13. considered cosmetic and is performed by the plastic/reconstructive surgeon to change the external appearance of the nose
    Rhinoplasty
  14. used to remove a hypertrophic turbinate, usually the inferior
    Turbinectomy
  15. polyp is grasped with a forceps, encircled by a snare wire, and amputated, or a forcep may be used for removeal
    polypectomy
  16. a "last resort" type of procedure, as most cases of severe epistaxis can be controlled with internal packing or electrosurgery
    Ligation of the internal maxillary
  17. a more radical typ of antrostomy and is performed when intranasal antrostomy alone does not provide adequate visualization
    Caldwell-Luc procedure
  18. may be entered through the nose, or an incision can be made near the inner canthus of the eye on the affected side
    ethmoid sinus
  19. known to the general population as the throat, is, in actuality, seveal individual and specialized structures that work in harmony to facilitate respiration and ingestion of food.
    upper aerodigestive tract
  20. 3 salivary glands
    • parotid
    • submandibular
    • sublingual
  21. 2 types of cells are foun in the salivary glands
    • mucous cells
    • serous cells
  22. the largest of the three glands located on the lateral sides of the face anterior to the external ear
    parotid gland
  23. located inferior to the jaw, lies on top of the strap muscles and is also covered by the platysma, integument, and fascia
    submandibular
  24. the smallest of the 3 glands, located beneath the mucous membrane that cover the floor of the mouth
    sublingual
  25. commonly referred to as the throat, is a tubular structure approximately 13 cm
    pharynx
  26. most superior portion of the pharynx, located posterior to the nasal cavity
    nasopharynx
  27. enter the nasopharyn from the middle ear. function is to equalize the pressure on both sides of the tympanic membrane, peventing rupture of the tympanci membrane
    eustachian (auditory or pharyngotympanic) tubes
  28. single mass of lymphatic tissue embedded in the mucous membrane of the posterior wall of the nasopharynx.
    pharyngeal tonsils
  29. when pharyngeal tonsils are enlarged, they are referred to as
    adenoids
  30. the middle portion of the pharynx, located posterior to the oval cavity, and it houses the palatine and lingual tonsils. begins at the uvula, communicating superiorly with the nasopharynx and extends to the level of the hyoid
    Oropharynx.
  31. 2 oval masses of lymphoid tissue commonly called "the tonsils"
    palatine, or faucial tonsils
  32. a pair of lymphoid areas located on the posterior surface of the tongue near the base
    lingual tonsils
  33. commonly called the voice box, is located between the pharynx and the trachea.
    larynx
  34. the largest and most superiro of the single cartilages is
    thyroid cartilage
  35. The only cartilage in the upper aerodigestive tract to form a complete circle and is found at the base of the larynx
    cricoid cartilage
  36. superior opening into the larynx is
    glottis
  37. aka windpipe located anterior to the esophagus
    trachea
  38. most inferior tracheal cartilage is called the ______, which bifurcates into the tow primary bronchi.
    carina
  39. very common inflammation of the throat is ______, which may be either viral or bacterial in origin
    acute pharyngitis
  40. an infectious disease that can affect any age group although is is most commonly seen in the 2 - 5 year old child. may be viral or bacterial.
    Epiglottitis
  41. may affect the pharyngeal, palatine, or lingual tonsils
    Tonsillitis
  42. inflammation of the vocal cords usually caused by a virus and is rarely seen in children
    Laryngitis
  43. inflammation of the esophagus can have many causes the most common cause is reflux of stomach acid into it leading to what is commonly called "heartburn" usually treated with diet modification, stress reduction, and antacid therapy
    Esophagitis
  44. A diverticulum is an out-pouching of the wall of the intestinal tract, and esophageal diverticulum is referred to as
    Zenker's diverticulum
  45. the removal of pharyngeal tonsils that have become enlarged
    Adenoidectomy
  46. the removal of the palatine or faucial tonsisl. ususally done on an out-patient basis.
    Tonsillectomy
  47. Both the palatine tonsils and the pharyngeal tonsils are removed simultaneously in a combination procedure
    T & A
  48. excision of aportion or all of the parotid gland
    Parotidectomy
  49. the definitive treatment for intrctable snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. performed on adults and is done under general anesthesia. Tedundant tissue of the fauces, tonsils (if present) and a portion of the uvula are removed
    Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)
  50. performed to remove a foreign body, obtsin a diagnosis, or treat a condition of the vocal cords, such as removal of a nodule
    Laryngoscopy
  51. accomplished in much the same way as laryngoscopy and is performed for the same reasons.
    Bronchoscopy
  52. may be either diagnostic or for the removal of a foreign body
    Esophagoscopy
  53. refers to a procedure that may involve inspection of seveal portions of the upper aerodigestive tract
    Panendoscopy
  54. the partial or complete surgical removal of the larnyx
    laryngectomy

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