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2012-03-14 20:22:47
Politics Chapter 29

Chapter 29, Test Thursday
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  1. Plessy vs. Feruson
    "Separate but equal"
  2. Thurgood Marshall
    NAACP lawyer, lawyer for the Brown vs. Board of Education victory.
  3. Brown vs. Board of Education
    Ended segregation inn public schools
  4. Rosa Parks
    NAACP officer, took a front row seat on a public bus and refused to give up her seat to a white man.
  5. Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
    "to carry on nonviolent crusades against the evils of second-class citizenship
  6. Sit-ins
    African-American protesters sat down at segregated lunch counters and refused to leave until they were served
  7. Freedom Riders
    Hoped to provoke a violent reaction that would convince the Kennedy administration to enforce the law
  8. James Meredith
    Won a federal court case that allowed him to enroll in the all-white University of Mississippi
  9. Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Prohibited discrimination because of race, religion, national origin, and gender. Gave all citizens rights to public accomodations
  10. Freedom Summer
    The effort to register African-Americans in the South to vote
  11. Fannie Lou Hamer
    The voice of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)
  12. Voting Rights Act of 1965
    Eliminated literacy tests that had disqualified many voters
  13. De Facto Segragation
    Segregation that exists by practice and custom
  14. De Jure Segregation
    Segregation by law
  15. Malcom X
    Head of the Nation of Islams, brought a different play on his leadership
  16. Nation of Islam
    Black Muslims
  17. Stokley Charmichael
    SNCC member, "Black Power"
  18. Black Panthers
    Political party to stop polic brutality in the ghetto
  19. Kerner Commission
    To study the causes of urban violences; Create new jobs, construct new housing, and end de facto segregation
  20. Civil Rights Act of 1968
    Ended discrimination in housing
  21. Affirmative Action
    Making special efforts to hire or enroll groups that have suffered discrimination