Protozoans, Helminthes, Sporozoa

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catitasilva
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141634
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Protozoans, Helminthes, Sporozoa
Updated:
2012-03-14 20:43:02
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Protozoans Helminthes Sporozoa
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Protozoans, Helminthes, Sporozoa
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  1. E. hystolica
    (entamoeba)
    • MOT: contaminated food/water & hand to mouth, sexual
    • Target: intestines
    • Dx: cysts in feces
    • Notes: amoeba, WW
  2. Giardia lamblia, intestinalis, duodenalis
    • MOT: contaminated food/water
    • Target: intestines
    • Dx: cysts in feces
    • Notes: flagellates
  3. B. coli
    (balantidum coli)
    • MOT: contaminated food/water
    • Target: intestines
    • Dx: cysts in feces
    • Notes: ciliates; common cattle parasite
  4. N. fowleri
    (naegleria)



    brain eating amoeba
    • MOT: olfactory neuroepithelium
    • Target: CSF & tissues
    • Dx: trophozoites in CSF(flagellates) & tissues
    • Notes: amoeboflagellates; more acute cause syphilitis
  5. T. gambiense
    (trypanosomiasis)
    • MOT: tsetse fly, West Africa
    • Target: lymph, blood, tissue, CSF
    • Dx: amastigote (cells/tissues) & trypomastigote (blood)
    • Notes: Sleeping Sickness
  6. T. rhodesiense
    (trypanosomiasis)
    • MOT: tsetse fly, East Africa
    • Target: lymph, blood, tissue, CSF
    • Dx: amastigote (cells/tissues) & trypomastigote (blood)
    • Notes: Sleeping Sickness
  7. T. cruzi
    (trypanosmiasis)
    • MOT: reduviid bug, Americas (kissing bug)
    • Target: lymph, blood, tissue, CSF
    • Dx: amastigote (cells/tissues) & trypomastigote (blood)
    • Notes: sleeping sickness
  8. L. tropica
    (leishmania)
    • MOT: phlebotomine sandfly
    • Target: dermal/cutaneous
    • Notes: skin lesions; self limiting; mild form
  9. L. brasiliense
    (leishmania)
    • MOT: phlebotomine sandfly
    • Target: mucocutaneous/nose
    • Notes: intermediate virulence
  10. L. donovanii
    (leishmania)
    • MOT: phlebotomine sandfly
    • Target: visceral
    • Notes: severe virulence - lethal
  11. Plasmodium spp
    • MOT: insect bite; v-mosquito
    • Target: blood & tissue
    • Notes: malaria
  12. Babesia spp.
    • MOT: insect bite; v - tick (same as lime disease)
    • Target: blood
    • Notes: babesiosis mimics malaria
  13. Toxoplasma gondii
    • MOT: ingested (meat), transplant, transfusion, han/nail, inhale, transplacental
    • Target: tissue
    • Notes: toxoplasmosis
  14. S. mansoni
    (schistosomiasis)
    • MOT: direct skin penetration by cecariae
    • Target: intestinal blood vessels
    • Dx: blood fluke feces
    • Notes: itch & intense eosinophilic rxns
  15. S. japonicum
    (schistosomiasis)
    • MOT: direct skin penetration by cecariae
    • Target: intestinal blood vessels
    • Dx: blood fluke feces
    • Notes: itch & intense eosinophilic rxns
  16. S. hematobium
    (schistosomiasis)
    • MOT: direct skin penetration by cecariae
    • Target: intestinal blood vessels
    • Dx: blood fluke urine
    • Notes: itch & intense eosinophilic rxns
  17. D. latum
    diphylobothrium
    • MOT: raw fish ingestion
    • Target: intestine
    • Dx: eggs in feces
    • Notes: B12 deficiency --> megaloblastic, pernicous anemia
  18. T. saginata
    taeniasis
    • MOT: improperly cooked beef
    • Target: intestinal disease (worm ingested), cyst in tissues (egg ingested)
    • Dx: eggs/proglottids in feces
    • Notes: cestode - tapeworm
  19. T. solium
    taeniasis
    • MOT: improperly cooked pork
    • Target: intestinal disease (worm ingested), cyst in tissues (egg ingested)
    • Dx: eggs/proglottids in feces
    • Notes: cestode - tapeworm
  20. E. granulosus & E. multiocularis
    echinococcus
    • MOT: ingested
    • Target: small intestine
    • Dx: eggs in feces
    • Notes: dog tapeworm; Hyatid disease (cyst)
  21. A. lumbricoides
    ascaris
    • MOT: ingested
    • Target: adult worm intestine
    • Dx: eggs in feces
    • Notes: round worm
  22. N. americanus
    necator
    • MOT: larvae in soil; enter skin in foot, cause itch
    • Target: adult worm intestine
    • Dx: eggs in feces
    • Notes: hook worm can cause anemia if it enters blood
  23. E. vermicularis
    enterobius
    • MOT: perianal itching - hand to mouth transmission
    • Target: adults in lumen of cecum
    • Dx: scotch tape on anus to see eggs
    • Notes: pin worm, young children, contagious, small sticky eggs

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