Coral islands that are in trouble due to more severe storms.
A chain of coral islands in the United States.
The Florida Keys
Which countries do Kyoto and Copenhagen exempt?
China and India
Set standards for particulates, lead, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, and sulfur dioxide.
Clean Air Act of 1970
Reformulated fuels, more efficient engines, and chimney scrubbers have all helped make what?
What is a way that the fuel reductions that have been made could be cancelled out?
We drive more cars and live in bigger houses
This banned chloroflourocarbons in industrialized countries.
Common refrigerants release this, which breaks down the ozone.
Ozone depeltion is doing what as CFCs are reduced?
Surface ozone reacts with UV rays to form what?
What type of illnesses can pollutants often cause?
These react with water vapor to create pH lower than 5.6.
This heavily affects lakes and forests that lack limestone bedrock.
A project below the streets of Milwaukee.
The Deep Tunnel
Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District released 4.6 billion gallons of storm runoff and raw sewage into what in 2004?
Releasing sewage into the lake in Milwaukee was to prevent it from flowing where?
These areas have trees, undergrowth, and grass and absorb precipitation on site.
Releases water over time after the storm event.
These are important "sinks" for undesirable inputs
Pollution from former land uses impedes restoration of what, which are valuable to storm water retention?
These catch water for yard use.
These are connected to parking lots and downspouts catch water, slowly releasing it into the ground.
This strategy is minor for MMSD, but can help to mitigate storm water runoff.
Plant more, large trees.
What are two negatives of green roofs, which absorb water and release it to the atmosphere instead of the sewer system.
What does the Deep Tunnel do to reduce environmental injustice associated with unevenly distrubted green spaces?
These make of 87% of energy production
Coal, oil and natural gas
The US population consumes what percent of fossil fuels extracted annually?
1/3 of energy consumed in US is for industry is for what?
Extraction and production
Residential and commercial buildings consume what percent of US energy?
What percent of US energy is used up by transportation?
How many years of energy do we have left from coal?
Strip mines lead to mountain top removal or what?
Why are there volatile energy markets?
Supply is nearly equal to demand.
Give an example of a country where the is social unrest because oil wealth is unevenly distributed.
Our oil reserves may only last for how long?
This provides 25% of global energy supply, is clean burning and releases less carbon.
Many new US power plants burn...
How much more do northern climate dwellers pay for gas derived heat now as compared to ten years ago?
Hydraulic fracturing =
This is an important area set for a possible fracking site close to Athens.
How big is a typical fracking field?
4 sq. miles
How much of Athens county is now leased for fracking?
How many jobs are said to come to Ohio from fracking?
What are some major concerns about fracking?
Contaminated drinking water, air pollution, destruction of roads and bridges
Does the industry have to tell us what is in the fracking fluid?
A recent Ohio State study found that, in actuality, how many jobs would come to Ohio from fracking.
Nuclear power plants are old, but don't release what?
Are new nuclear power plants being built in the US?
The two big Nuclear power disasters?
Three Mile Island in 1979
Chernobyl in 1986
Where is Three Mile Island?
Unit 2 of Three Mile Island is shut down, but Unit 1 is licensed to operate until when?
Where was Chernobyl?
What happened to the residents of Pripyat, Ukraine after Chernobyl?
Evacuated. Still remains empty today.
Chernobyl was a what out of 7 on the Nuke Event Scale?
6000 children at Chernobyl afflicted with what?
Studies suggest that how many people will die from the recent nuclear event in Japan?
Radiation continues to leak where in Japan?
Nuclear power generates what percent of our electricity in the US?
In what state are there 11 nuclear reactors?
This type of energy is important in the American West...
Hydro-power is the use of what to make electricity?
This type of energy offer little environmental disruption, but birds can fly into them.
This is alcohol derived from biomass (corn, sugarcane, aspen). It is clean burning, but energy intensive to produce.
Everything we produce and consume will become what?
We live increasingly in a __________ and _____________ society.
Throw-away and disposable
4000 tons of plastic bags less than 15 microns thick produced monthly in where?
What are seen as a status symbol in Nairobi?
Plastic bags. People can see what you purchased and be impressed that you had the capability to purchase it.
Villagers and small children in China are paid to break apart what from computers and electronics?
Cathode ray tubes
What happens to your old electronics?
Much of it goes to other countries for "recycling"
What city in US has banned plastic bags from retail stores?
Bags used for human waste and then thrown outside are known as...
80% of e-waste in U.S. recyling stream ends up in Asia, and example of...
Targeting corporations for social change.
Environmentall responsible travel to relatively undisturbed natural areas, to enjoy nature, that promotes conservation, low visitor impact, and beneficially active socio-economic involvement in local populations.
Three things that ecodestinations must do to prove they are sustainable.
Improve the lives of locals
Enhance the local economy
There is concern with the ecotourist industry and consumers about what?
Greenwashed mass tourism
Where does Lapa Rios get its hot water?
Pool at Lapa Rios is sterilized with what, instead of chlorine?
What is done with food waste at Lapa Rios?
Fed to pigs and microrganisms.
This turns pig waste into gas that is used for cooking in the kitchen.
What did Lapa Rios build after the community requested one?