Chapter 10 & 11

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QueenKeyerra
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141678
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Chapter 10 & 11
Updated:
2012-03-14 23:39:52
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Ogeechee Tech Anatomy
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Mrs. Rileys Chapter test 10 & 11
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  1. A _____ mechanism contains its own brake or shutoff mechanism.
    Negative Feedback
  2. A recipient's antibodies will _____ a donor's RBCs if an O positive recipient recieves B negative blood.
    Destroy
  3. Type AB positive blood may be also considered the _____ because AB positive blood has no antibodies to destroy the donated RBCs and the positive RH factor is not a problem for a recipient.
    Universal Recipient
  4. _____ is the term for a low RBC count.
    Anemia
  5. The life span of RBCs is approximately ____.
    120 days
  6. ____ is a hormone that is produced by the beta cells of the pancreas and lowers blood glucose.
    Insulin
  7. A ____ mechanism requires an external brake to slow or stop it.
    Positive Feedback
  8. In men, FSH initiates ____ in the testes.
    Sperm Production
  9. The primary hemopoietic tissue is the _____.
    Red Bone Marrow
  10. The production of RBCs is increased by _____.
    Erythropoietin
  11. Leukocytosis is the term for a _____.
    High WBC Count
  12. An abnormal clot that forms in a vessel is a _____.
    Thrombus
  13. Hormones exert their effects only on cells that have _____ for the hormone on the cell membrane or in the cytoplasm.
    Receptors
  14. What cells are produced both in the red bone marrow and the lymphatic tissue?
    White Blood Cells
  15. In men, LH stimulates secreation of _____.
    Testosterone
  16. The hormone that causes ovulation is _____.
    Luteinizing Hormones(LH)
  17. _____ is produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas and raises the bloods glucose level.
    Glucagon
  18. _____ can result from free hemoglobin in blood when a transfusion reaction occurs from mismatched blood.
    Kidney Damage
  19. The action in protien hormone where the first messenger is the hormone and the second messenger is the hormone which must bind to a receptor on the cell membrane is called a _____ system.
    Two- Messenger
  20. Red bone marrow is found in flat bones and produces _____.
    RBCs, WBCs, and Platelets
  21. _____ is the only effective first mechanism of hemostasis for breaks in large ateries.
    Vascular Spasm
  22. The vitamin that is necessary for the formation of RBCs for synthesis of DNA in stem cells is _____.
    Vitamin B12
  23. _____ (elevated WBCs) accompanies an infection.
    Leukoctosis
  24. Protein hormones are believed to exert their effects by activating certain _____ within a cell.
    Enzymes
  25. _____ is formed from the destruction of the hemoglobin of old RBCs.
    Bilirubun
  26. _____ is the hormone that has an anti-inflammatory effect.
    Cortisol
  27. What types of WBCs recognize foreign antigens?
    Lymphocytes
  28. _____ is the process by which clots are removed after they have served their purpose.
    Fibrinolysis
  29. The laboratory test that measures the percent of RBCs in the blood is called the _____.
    Hematocrit
  30. Steroid hormones are believed to exert their effects on cells by activating certain _____ within a cell.
    Genes
  31. The secreation of hormones of the anterior pituitary gland is regulated by what type of hormone?
    Releasing Hormones
  32. An _____ is a clot that travels to another part of the vascular system and obstructs a vessel.
    Embolism
  33. _____ makes the damaged area of a ruptured vessel smaller after clot.
    Clot Retraction
  34. Waste products are transported by the _____ action of water in the blood plasma.
    Solvent
  35. _____ is necessary for RBC formation by preventing digesting of and promoting reabsorption of B12 in the small intestine.
    Intrinsic Factor
  36. The function of _____ is to increase the reabsorption of water by the kidneys.
    ADH
  37. In emergencies, what type of blood may be considered the universal donorbecause it has no RBC antigens to trigger destruction by a recipient's antibodies?
    O negative
  38. Releasing hormones are produced by the _____
    Hypothalamus
  39. The ABO blood types are named for the _____ on the person's RBCs.
    Antigens
  40. _____ is carried in the blood by RBCs.
    Oxygen
  41. _____ are hormone-like chemicals that are produced from cell membranes and have localized effects.
    Prostaglandins
  42. A stimulus for ADH is _____ in extreme sweating, severe hemorrhage and severe diarrhea.
    Water Loss
  43. Albumin is a plasma protein produced by the _____ and contributes to maintenance of blood volume.
    Liver
  44. When capillaries rupture, ______ are the mechanism of hemostasis that will be effective to stop bleeding.
    Platelet Plug
  45. The hormone ______ increases blood calcium level.
    Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
  46. Of the WBCs, what cells become macrophages?
    Monocytes
  47. The acid that is necessary for RBC production for the synthesis of DNA in stem cells is _____.
    Folic Acid
  48. _____ acts on the uterus to cause contractions for delivery.
    Oxytocin
  49. The normal ____ of blood is 7.35 - 7.45
    PH
  50. The mineral in _____ that bonds to oxygen is iron.
    Hemoglobin
  51. The _____ is the precursor cell for all types of blood cells.
    Stem Cell
  52. The hormone _____ decreases blood calcium level.
    Calcitonin
  53. The mineral necessary for chemical clotting is _____.
    Calcium
  54. The effect of oxytocin on the mammary glands is to increase the release of _____.
    Milk

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