intro. to computers

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Northstars11
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141704
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intro. to computers
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2012-03-15 03:19:49
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Intro computers chapters
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Chapter 5 and 6
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  1. Programs, such as the operating system, that conrol the operation of a computer and its devices, as well as enable application software to run on the computer.
    Systems Software
  2. Programs that enable users to perform specific tasks on a computer, such as writing a letter or playing a game.
    Application Software
  3. The main component of system software that enables the computer to manage its activities and the resources under its control, run application programs, and interface with the user.
    Operating System
  4. The essential portion, or core, of an operating system.
    Kernel
  5. A program that enables an operating system to communicate with a specific hardware device; often referred to simply as a driver.
    Device Driver
  6. The capability of an operating system to run more than one program at one time.
    Multitasking
  7. A memory-management technique that uses hard driver space as additional RAM.
    Virtual Memory
  8. An area in RAM or on the hard drive designated to hold input and output on their way in and out of the system.
    Buffer
  9. The process of placing items in a buffer so that appropriate device (such as a printer) can retrieve them when needed.
    Spooling
  10. A graphically based interface that allows a user to communicate instructions to the computer easily.
    Graphical User Interface (GUI)
  11. A user interface that requires the user to communicate instructions to the computer via typed commands.
    Command Line Interface
  12. A type of operating system designed to be installed on a single personal computer.
    Personal Operating System
  13. A type of operating system designed to be installed on a network server.
    Server operating system
  14. A type of operating system used with mobile phones and other mobile devices.
    Mobile Operating System
  15. A type of operating system embedded into devices, such as cars and consumer devices.
    Embedded Operating System
  16. The operating system disigned for and widely used on early IBM and IBM-compatible PCs.
    DOS (Disk Operating System)
  17. The primary personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft Corporation; the most recent version is Windows 7.
    Windows
  18. the version of Windows designed for server use; the current version is Windows Server 2008 R2.
    Windows Server
  19. The operating system used on Apple computers; the most recent version is Mac OS X Snow Leopard.
    Mac OS
  20. The current version of the Mac OS
    Mac OS X
  21. The version of Mac OS X designed for server use.
    Mac OS X Server
  22. An operating system developed in the late 1960's for midrange servers and mainframes; many variations of this operating system are in use today.
    UNIX
  23. An open source operating system that is available without charge over the Internet and is increasingly being used with mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframes, and supercomputers.
    Linux
  24. The version of Windows designed for mobile phones.
    Windows Mobile
  25. A family of operating systems based on Windows that is designed for nonpersonal computer devices, such as cash registers and consumer electronic devices.
    Windows Embedded
  26. A Linux-based operating system designed for mobile phones and developed by a group of campanies that includes Google.
    Android
  27. The operating system designed for Apple mobile phones and mobile devices.
    IPhone OS
  28. the operating system designed for BlackBerry Devices
    BlackBerry OS
  29. the original operating system disigned for Palm devices.
    Palm OS
  30. The newest operating system designed for Palm devices.
    Palm webOS
  31. An operating system widely used with mobile phones; primarily used outside North America.
    Symbian OS
  32. A version of Linux disigned for mobile devices.
    Embedded Linux
  33. A type of software that performs a specific task, usually related to managing or maintaining the computer system.
    Utility Program
  34. A utility program that enables the user to perform file management tasks, such as copying and deleting files.
    File Management Program
  35. the file management program built into the Windows operating systems.
    Windows Explorer
  36. A utility program designed to search for files on the user's hard drive.
    Search Tool
  37. A program that reduces the size of files, typically to be stored or transmitted more efficiently.
    File Compression Program
  38. A duplicate compy of data or other computer content in case the original version is destroyed.
    Backup
  39. programs that enable users to perfor specific tasks on a computer, such as writing a letter or playing a game.
    Application Software
  40. An agreement, either included in a software package or displayed on the screen during installation, the specifies the conditions under which a buyer of the program can use it.
    Software License
  41. Software programs whose source code is made available to the public.
    Open source software
  42. Copyrighted software that is developed, usually by a commercial company, for sale to others.
    Commercial Software
  43. Copyrighted software that is distributed on the honor system; consumers should either pay for it or uninstall it after the trial period.
    Shareware
  44. Copyrighted software that may be used free charge.
    Freeware
  45. Software that is not copyrighted and may be used without restricion.
    Public Domain Software
  46. Software that must be installed on a computer in order to be used
    Installed Software
  47. Software that is delivered on demand via the Web; also referred to as Software as a Service (SaaS) and cloudware.
    Web-based software
  48. A collection of software programs bundled together and sold as a single software package.
    Software Suite
  49. One of the most widely used office software suites
    Microsoft Office
  50. a combination of keyboard keys that are pressed in unison to issue a specific software command.
    keyboard shortcut
  51. A feature found in recent versions of Microsoft Office that uses tabs to organize groups of related commands.
    Ribbon
  52. Changing the content of a document, such inserting or deleting words.
    Editing
  53. An on-screen character that looks like a blinking vertical line; indicated the current location in a document, which is where the next change will be made.
    Insertion point
  54. Changing the appearance of a document, such as changing the margins or font size.
    Formatting
  55. Using a computer and word precessing software to create, edit, save, and print written documents, such as letters, contracts, and manuscripts.
    Word processing
  56. Application software used to create, edit, save, and print written documents.
    Word precessing software
  57. the feature in a word precessing program that automatically returns the insertion point to the next line when the end of the screen line is reached.
    Word wrap
  58. a document containing a group of values and other data organized into rows and columns; also called a worksheet in a spreadsheet program.
    spreadsheet
  59. Application software used to create spreadsheets, which typically contain a great deal of numbers and mathematical computations organized into rows and columns.
    Spreadsheet Software
  60. A single spreadsheet document in a spreadsheet program.
    Worksheet
  61. a collection of worksheets saved in a single spreadsheet file
    Workbook
  62. in a spreadsheet, a horizontal group of cells on a worksheet.
    Row
  63. in a spreadsheet program, a vertical group of cells on a worksheet.
    Column
  64. The location at the intersection of a row and column on a worksheet into which data can be typed.
    Cell
  65. A text-based entry in a worksheet cell that identifies data on thw worksheet.
    Label
  66. A numerical entry in a worksheet cell.
    Constant value
  67. An entry in a worksheet cell that performs computations on worksheet data and displays the results.
    Formula
  68. A named formula that can be entered into a worksheet cell to perform some type of calculation or to extract information from other cells in the worksheet.
    Function
  69. A collection of related data that is stored in a manner enabling information to be retrieved as neede; in a relational database, a collection of ralated tables.
    Data Base
  70. application software that allows the creation and manipulation of an electronic database.
    Database software
  71. A single category of data to be stored in database, such as a person's last name or telephone number, aka column.
    Field
  72. In a database, a field.
    Column
  73. A collection of related fields in a database aka row
    Record
  74. In a database program, a record.
    Row
  75. In a realation database, a collection of related records or rows.
    Table
  76. an image, such as a graph or text chart, sesigned to visually enhance a presentation.
    Presentation graphic
  77. A one-page presentation graphic that can be displayed in a group with others to form and electronic slide show.
    Slide
  78. a group of electronic slide that ar esidplayed one after the other on a computer monitor or other display device.
    Elecronic slide show
  79. application software used to create presentatino graphics and electronic slide shows.
    presentation graphics software

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