intro. to computers
Card Set Information
intro. to computers
Intro computers chapters
Chapter 5 and 6
Programs, such as the operating system, that conrol the operation of a computer and its devices, as well as enable application software to run on the computer.
Programs that enable users to perform specific tasks on a computer, such as writing a letter or playing a game.
The main component of system software that enables the computer to manage its activities and the resources under its control, run application programs, and interface with the user.
The essential portion, or core, of an operating system.
A program that enables an operating system to communicate with a specific hardware device; often referred to simply as a
The capability of an operating system to run more than one program at one time.
A memory-management technique that uses hard driver space as additional RAM.
An area in RAM or on the hard drive designated to hold input and output on their way in and out of the system.
The process of placing items in a buffer so that appropriate device (such as a printer) can retrieve them when needed.
A graphically based interface that allows a user to communicate instructions to the computer easily.
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
A user interface that requires the user to communicate instructions to the computer via typed commands.
Command Line Interface
A type of operating system designed to be installed on a single personal computer.
Personal Operating System
A type of operating system designed to be installed on a network server.
Server operating system
A type of operating system used with mobile phones and other mobile devices.
Mobile Operating System
A type of operating system embedded into devices, such as cars and consumer devices.
Embedded Operating System
The operating system disigned for and widely used on early IBM and IBM-compatible PCs.
DOS (Disk Operating System)
The primary personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft Corporation; the most recent version is Windows 7.
the version of Windows designed for server use; the current version is Windows Server 2008 R2.
The operating system used on Apple computers; the most recent version is Mac OS X Snow Leopard.
The current version of the Mac OS
Mac OS X
The version of Mac OS X designed for server use.
Mac OS X Server
An operating system developed in the late 1960's for midrange servers and mainframes; many variations of this operating system are in use today.
An open source operating system that is available without charge over the Internet and is increasingly being used with mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframes, and supercomputers.
The version of Windows designed for mobile phones.
A family of operating systems based on Windows that is designed for nonpersonal computer devices, such as cash registers and consumer electronic devices.
A Linux-based operating system designed for mobile phones and developed by a group of campanies that includes Google.
The operating system designed for Apple mobile phones and mobile devices.
the operating system designed for BlackBerry Devices
the original operating system disigned for Palm devices.
The newest operating system designed for Palm devices.
An operating system widely used with mobile phones; primarily used outside North America.
A version of Linux disigned for mobile devices.
A type of software that performs a specific task, usually related to managing or maintaining the computer system.
A utility program that enables the user to perform file management tasks, such as copying and deleting files.
File Management Program
the file management program built into the Windows operating systems.
A utility program designed to search for files on the user's hard drive.
A program that reduces the size of files, typically to be stored or transmitted more efficiently.
File Compression Program
A duplicate compy of data or other computer content in case the original version is destroyed.
programs that enable users to perfor specific tasks on a computer, such as writing a letter or playing a game.
An agreement, either included in a software package or displayed on the screen during installation, the specifies the conditions under which a buyer of the program can use it.
Software programs whose source code is made available to the public.
Open source software
Copyrighted software that is developed, usually by a commercial company, for sale to others.
Copyrighted software that is distributed on the honor system; consumers should either pay for it or uninstall it after the trial period.
Copyrighted software that may be used free charge.
Software that is not copyrighted and may be used without restricion.
Public Domain Software
Software that must be installed on a computer in order to be used
Software that is delivered on demand via the Web; also referred to as
Software as a Service (SaaS)
A collection of software programs bundled together and sold as a single software package.
One of the most widely used office software suites
a combination of keyboard keys that are pressed in unison to issue a specific software command.
A feature found in recent versions of Microsoft Office that uses tabs to organize groups of related commands.
Changing the content of a document, such inserting or deleting words.
An on-screen character that looks like a blinking vertical line; indicated the current location in a document, which is where the next change will be made.
Changing the appearance of a document, such as changing the margins or font size.
Using a computer and word precessing software to create, edit, save, and print written documents, such as letters, contracts, and manuscripts.
Application software used to create, edit, save, and print written documents.
Word precessing software
the feature in a word precessing program that automatically returns the insertion point to the next line when the end of the screen line is reached.
a document containing a group of values and other data organized into rows and columns; also called a worksheet in a spreadsheet program.
Application software used to create spreadsheets, which typically contain a great deal of numbers and mathematical computations organized into rows and columns.
A single spreadsheet document in a spreadsheet program.
a collection of worksheets saved in a single spreadsheet file
in a spreadsheet, a horizontal group of cells on a worksheet.
in a spreadsheet program, a vertical group of cells on a worksheet.
The location at the intersection of a row and column on a worksheet into which data can be typed.
A text-based entry in a worksheet cell that identifies data on thw worksheet.
A numerical entry in a worksheet cell.
An entry in a worksheet cell that performs computations on worksheet data and displays the results.
A named formula that can be entered into a worksheet cell to perform some type of calculation or to extract information from other cells in the worksheet.
A collection of related data that is stored in a manner enabling information to be retrieved as neede; in a relational database, a collection of ralated tables.
application software that allows the creation and manipulation of an electronic database.
A single category of data to be stored in database, such as a person's last name or telephone number, aka column.
In a database, a field.
A collection of related fields in a database aka row
In a database program, a record.
In a realation database, a collection of related records or rows.
an image, such as a graph or text chart, sesigned to visually enhance a presentation.
A one-page presentation graphic that can be displayed in a group with others to form and electronic slide show.
a group of electronic slide that ar esidplayed one after the other on a computer monitor or other display device.
Elecronic slide show
application software used to create presentatino graphics and electronic slide shows.
presentation graphics software