Intro midterm 2 Ch 6

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Intro midterm 2 Ch 6
2012-03-15 14:57:23


Ch 6
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  1. Language disorder
    • Impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written, and.or other symbol system
    • Involves: form, content, function (Morphology, Syntax, Semantics)
  2. Impact of language disorder
    individual's ability to perform daily living activities
  3. Language disorder vs. language difference
    • Norm referenced expectations based on child's peer group
    • Cultural aspects
  4. Significant
    • Norm referenced standardized tests
    • Subjective
  5. Language delay
    late start with language development and expected to catch up
  6. Language impairment/disorder
    Children who experience significant challenge in language development relative to other children
  7. Language disability
    difficulties that has a negative impact on daily living activities
  8. Language Learning Disability
    older children with language disorders who have difficulties with academic achievement in areas that are associated with language
  9. Specific Learning disability
    Used in federal legislation
  10. Primary language impairment
    language impairment with the absence of any other development disability
  11. Secondary Language impairment
    • language impairment in the absence of any other developmental disability
    • acquired by brain injury
  12. Classification of Language Disorders
    • Etiology
    • Manifestation
    • Severity
  13. Etiology
  14. Etiology of developmental disorder
    present from birth
  15. Etiology of acquired disorder
    acquired sometime after birth
  16. Manifestation of a Focal disorder
    affects one language domain
  17. Manifestation of Diffuse disorder
    affects multiple domains
  18. Bilingual: Simultaneous
    under 5 years of age and acquiring two languages simultaneously
  19. Bilingual: Sequential
    over 5 years of age and learning a second language
  20. Specific Language impairment
    • Primary, developmental language impairment with no known cause
    • Strong biological and genetic component to this disorder
  21. Secondary Speech Language disorders
    • associated with medical diagnosis
    • Autism Spectrum
    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Intellectual Disability
    • Traumatic Brain injury
  22. Autism spectrum disorder
    • Autism
    • Childhood disintegrative disorder
    • Asberger's syndrome
    • Prevasive developmental disorder
  23. Autism
    • starts at 3 yo
    • abnormal functioning in social interaction, communication and behavior
  24. Childhood disintegrative disorder
    • starts between 2 and 10 years old
    • Normal development for at least the first two years then significant loss in language, social skills, adaptive behavior
  25. Asbergers syndrome
    • starts before or after 3 years
    • No clinically significant delay in language, cognitive, self help, and adaptive behavioral skills
    • impairment in social interaction and behavior
  26. Prevasive Development Disorder
    • starts before or after 3 years
    • Severe prevasive impairment in social interaction, communication, and/or behavior without meeting cirtiea of other disorders
  27. Intellectual disability
    • Described as mental retardation
    • condition of arrested or incomplete development of the mind
    • especially characteruzed by impairment of skills manifested during the developmental period
  28. Brain injury
    • Refers to damage or insult to an individual's brain
    • Most common is a closed-head injury (diffusal) in contrast to open-head injuries (focal)