Ch 16 classifications and diversity

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efrain12
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Ch 16 classifications and diversity
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2012-04-08 23:21:25
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  1. Classification
    grouping together of organisms based on their similarities
  2. 2 types of classification
    taxonomy and systematics
  3. (classification) Taxonomy
    -study of classification

    -naming and identification
  4. (classification) Systematics
    -study of evolutionary relationships
  5. Carl Linnaeus (4)
    - father of taxonomy

    -devised first useful system of classification

    -based ons exual parts and appearance

    -used binomial
  6. Binomial (3)
    -2 parts to a name for each species

    -scientific name

    -often with latin or greek word
  7. (binomial) Genus (3)
    a more general name

    -comes first

    -capitalized
  8. (binomial) Specific epithet (3)
    -comes second

    -small letter

    -sometimes referred as species
  9. Classification of Hierachy (7)
    -Kingdom

    -Phylum

    -Class

    -Order

    -Family

    -Genus

    -Specific Epithet
  10. Five kingdom system
    method to organize living things

    -begins at the largest level, Kingdom
  11. 3 categories that make up the Kingdom system
    -Internal organization of cells

    -Size of organism

    -types of nutrition
  12. (kingdom system) Internal organization of cells
    Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
  13. Prokaryotic (5)
    -before nucleus

    -lacks organelles

    -most primitive life

    -first to evolve here on Earth

    ex) Kindom monera: bacteria
  14. Eukaryotic (4)
    -true nucleus

    -has organelles

    -evolved from prokaryotic cells

    -most living organisms
  15. (kingdom system) Size of organism (2)
    • -unicellular or single celled
    • *ex) kingdom protista: Protozoans, some algae, slime molds

    -multicellular
  16. (kingdom system) Types of nutrition (3)
    -photosynthesis

    -Ingestive

    -absorbative
  17. (types of nutrition) Photosynthesis (2)
    -make food from the sunlight

    -Kingdom plantae: Plants
  18. (types of nutrition) Ingestive (2)
    takes food and digest it

    -kingdom animalia, Animals
  19. (types of nutrition) Absorbative (2)
    secrete enzymes to digest food externally and then digest it

    kingdom fungi
  20. five kingdom names
    -monera

    -protista

    -animalia

    -fungi

    -plantae
  21. (kingdom) Monera
    -prokaryotic

    -unicellular

    ex) archea and bacteria
  22. (kingdom) Protista
    -eukaryotic

    -unicellular

    ex) large group can overlap into other kingdoms
  23. (kingdom) Animalia
    -eukaryotic

    -multicellular

    -nutrition: ingestion of food
  24. (kingdom) fungi
    -eukaryotic

    -mostly multicellular

    nutrition: absortion of food

    ex) slime molds and true fungi
  25. (kingdom) Plantae
    -eukaryotic

    -multicellular

    nutrition: most are phtosynthetic

    • ex) green, red, brown algae
    • bryophytes and tracheophytes

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