Ch. 6 & 7

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Anonymous
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141874
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Ch. 6 & 7
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2012-03-16 20:48:22
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Blood & Lymphatic System General
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  1. HEMOSTATIS
    Stopping or controlling the flow of blood

    • Hem/o= Blood
    • -Stasis= Stopping or controlling
  2. CARDIOLOGIST
    Physician who specializes in diseases, disorders, and treatments related to the cardiovascular system.

    • Cardi/o= heart
    • -(o)logy= Study of
  3. DIASTOLE
    Period of time when the ventricles relax between contractions.
  4. OCCLUSION
    A blockage in a vessel, cavity, or passage of the body.
  5. SYSTOLE
    Period of time during ventricular contraction.
  6. ANGINA PECTORIS
    Severe Pain and constriction around the heart; feeling of extreme pressure in the anterior chest.

    Chest Pain
  7. ARRHYTHMIA/DYSRRHYTHMIA
    Any irregular heartbeat
  8. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
    Hardening of the arteries

    • Arteri/o=Artery
    • -Sclerosis=hardening
    • Typically caused by smoking, and the natural aging process
  9. ATHEROSCLEROSIS & STENOSIS
    Hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to deposits of fat and other debris along arterial walls. (and always the inside)

    • Ather/o = fat/plaque
    • -sclerosis = hardening
  10. BRADYCARDIA
    Slow Heart rate

    • Brady = Slow
    • Cardi/o = heart
    • -ia = condition

    below 60 beats
  11. CARDIAC ARREST
    A sudden and immediate cessation of the heart's pumping action
  12. CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE (CHF)
    Heart condition charaterized by impaired cardiac pumping resulting in failure of the ventricles to eject blood
  13. CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (CAD)
    Any abnormal condition of the arteries of the heart
  14. THROMBUS
    THROMBI
    THROMBOSIS
    Stationary Clot
  15. EMBOLUS
    EMBOLI
    EMBOLISM
    Traveling Clot
  16. ENDOCARDITIS
    Inflammation of the endocardium or inner layer of the heart wall.

    • End/o = within
    • -itis = inflammation
    • **also a bacterial infection
  17. FIBRILLATION
    Rapid and incomplete contactions of the atria or ventricles
  18. ISCHEMIA
    Deficient or decreased blood supply to a body part; might be caused by atherosclerosis.

    • isch/o= deficiency, blockage
    • -emia= blood
  19. MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE
    Protrusion of one or both of the flaps of the mitral valve into the left atrium
  20. MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (MI)
    death of the heart muscle due to a lack of oxygen caused by an insufficient blood supply from the coronary arteries; heart attack.

    • My/o= muscle
    • Cardi/o = heart
    • -al = pertaining to
  21. INFARC
    When a portion of the organs dies.
  22. PERICARDITIS
    Inflammation of the pericardium
  23. POLYARTERITIS
    Inflammation of medium and small arteries
  24. TACHYCARDIA
    Abnormally rapid heartbeat, usualy defined as more than 100 beats per minute.

    • Cardi/O= heart
    • Tachy= Fast
    • -a= noun ending
  25. ANEURYSMECTOMY
    Surgical removal of an aneurysm
  26. ANGIOGRAPHY
    • Process of recording an x-ray picture of blood vessels
    • Angi/o = vessel
    • -graphy = process of recording
  27. CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION
    Diagnostic procedure. An x-ray procedure during which a catheter is guided into the heart through a blood vessel for the purpose of injecting a contrast medium to view and image the heart chambers and coronary arteries; also called left heart cathererization or coronary arteriography.
  28. CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT
    CABG
    Surgical procedue that requires implanting a piece of vein onto the heart to bypass a blockage in a coronary artery and to improve blood flow to the heart; commonly called bypass surgery.

    Treatment procedue.
  29. ENDARTERECTOMY
    Surgick removal of the lining of an artery that is occluded due to fatty deposit.

    Carotid Endarecomy

    • End/o = Within
    • Arter/i = artery
    • -Ectomy = Surgical removal
  30. PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY (PTCA)
    Surgical repair of a coronary artery by inserting a balloon on the end of catheter into the artery, inflating the balloon, flattening the fatty depostits on the arterial wall, and streching or increasing the diameter of the artery.

    Lumen- Inside of the blood vessel.
  31. TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY
    Process of viewing and recording the structures of the heart using ultrasound and placing the recording device into the esophagus

    • Trans = through
    • Esophag/o = esophagus
    • -al = pertaining
    • pertaining to across the esophagus

    • Ech/o = Process of using sound
    • cardi/o = heart
    • graphy = process of recording
  32. COAGUL/O
    Clotting
  33. CYT/O
    Cell
  34. ERYTHR/O
    Red
  35. HEM/O
    HEMAT/O
    Blood
  36. LEUK/O
    White
  37. MYEL/O
    Bone Marrow, Spinal Cord
  38. THROMB/O
    Clot; thrombus
  39. TONSILL/O
    Tonsils
  40. INTER-
    Between
  41. MACRO-
    Large
  42. MONO-
    One
  43. PAN-
    All
  44. LIPID
    LIP/O
    Fat like
  45. -LYSIS
    -LYTIC
    Destruction; related to destruction
  46. -OMA
    Tumor
  47. -OSIS
    -IA
    -IASIS
    -ISM
    Abnormal Condition of
  48. -PATHY
    Disease; illness
  49. -EMIA
    Abnormal condition in the blood
  50. -PENIA
    Deficiency; decreased number
  51. -POIESIS
    Formation or production of
  52. -STASIS
    Stopping or controlling
  53. HEMOSTASIS
    Stopping or controlling the flow of blood

    • HEM/O = Blood
    • -STASIS = Stopping or controlling
  54. ANEMIA
    Deficiency in the quantity or quality of blood


    • An- = without
    • -Emia = Blood Condition
  55. EMBOLISM
    EMBOLI -Plural
    Obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot occurs when a foreign body or clot travels through the bloodstream and becomes lodged in the vessel.
  56. EMBOLUS
    Circulating blood clot
  57. ERYTHROCYTOPENIA
    Decrease in the number of erythrocytes

    • Erythr/o = red
    • Cyt/o = cell
    • -Penia = deficiency; decreased number
  58. HEMOLYSIS
    Destruction or breakdown of red blood cells

    • Hem/o = blood
    • -lysis = destruction; breakdown
  59. HEMORRHAGE
    Excessive loss of blood; internal or external

    • Hem/o = Blood
    • -(r)rhage = excessive flow or bursting forth
  60. LEUKEMIA
    • Abnormal increasein the number of immature white blood cells caused by a malignancy of the blood-forming organs
    • (Cancer)

    • Leuk/o = White
    • -emia = blood condition
  61. LEUKOPENIA
    Decrease in the number of leukocytes

    • Leuk/o = white
    • -penia = deficiency; decreased number
  62. LYMPHOMA
    A tumor of the lymph tissue, usually malignant

    • Lymph/o = Lymph
    • -Oma = Tumor
  63. SPLENOMEGALY
    • Enlargement of the spleen
    • Splen/o = spleen
    • -Megaly = enlarged
  64. THROMBOCYTOPENIA
    Decrease in the number of thrombocytes

    • Thromb/o = clot
    • Cyt/o = cell
    • -Penia = deficiency, decreased number
  65. THROMBOSIS
    • Thromb/o = clot
    • -OSIS = Condition
  66. THROMBUS
    THROMBI - Plural
    • A blood clot
    • Thromb/o = clot
  67. TONSILLITIS
    Inflammation of the tonsils

    • Tonsil/o = tonsils
    • itis = Inflammation

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