Chapter 3- EMT-Basic
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Unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient's consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs ofthe patient.
Written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called a living will or health care directive.
The manner in which principles of ethics are incorporated into professional conduct.
Unlawfully placing a patient in fear of bodily harm.
Touching a patient or providing emergency care without consent.
The study of ethics related to issues that arise in health care.
Breach of confidentiality
Disclosure of information without proper authorization.
- Damages awarded in a civil suit that are intended to restore the
- plaintiff to the same condition that he or she was in prior to the
- incident complained about in the lawsuit.
Able to make rational decisions about personal well-being.
- A legal defense that may be raised when the defendant feels that the
- conduct of the plaintiff somehow contributed to any injuries or damages
- that were sustained by the plaintiff.
The communication of false information about a person that is damaging to that person's reputation or standing in the community.
Oral questions asked of parties and witnesses under oath.
durable power of attorney for health care
- A type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints
- another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her
- behalf in the event that the person making the appointment loses
- decision-making capacity.
The principle of law that permits a health care provider to treat a patient in an emergency situation when the patient is incapable of granting consent because of an altered level of consciousness, disability, the effects of drugs or alcohol, or the patient's age.
The philosophy of right and wrong, of moral duties, and of ideal professional behavior.
A type of consent in which a patient gives express authorization for provision of care or transport.
Good Samaritan laws
Statutory provisions enacted by many states to protect citizens from liability for errors and omissions in giving good faith emergency medical care, unless there is wanton, gross, or willful negligence.
Conduct that constitutes a willful or reckless disregard for a duty or standard of care.
health care directive
A written document that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient, should he or she become unable to make decisions. Also known as an advance directive or a living will.
health care proxies
A type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her behalf in the event that the person making the appointment loses decision-making capacity.
Also known as a durable power of attorney for health care.
- Type of consent in which a patient who is unable to give consent is given treatment under the legal assumption that he or she would want
Permission for treatment given by a competent patient after the potential risks, benefits, and alternatives to treatment have been explained.
False and damaging information about a person that is communicated in writing.
Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide.
The right of a patient to make informed choices regarding his or her health care.
- When a person who has a duty abuses it, and causes harm to another
- individual; the EMT, the agency, and/or the medical director may be sued
- for negligence.
Stiffening of the body; a definitive sign of death.
Standard Of Care
Written, accepted levels of emergency care expected by reason of training and profession; written by legal or professional organizations so that patients are not exposed to unreasonable risk or harm.
statute of limitations
The time within which a case must be commenced.
A wrongful act that gives rise to a civil suit.
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