Week 3 Definitions
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The body of the crime, facts constituting or proving a crime was committed.
The county or locality in which the cause of action may be tried, usually where a crime is committed or place of the trial.
The power to hear and determine a case. May be over subject matter or over the person accused.
Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
Proof of such character that an ordiary and prudent person would be willing to rely and act upon it in the most importance of his own affairs.
A combination of observed facts, with reasonable inferences from those facts, which would justify the officers belief that the person stopped has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a crime.
A deduction from the facts given, which is usually less than certainty but which may be sufficient to support a finding of a fact.
Burden of Proof
Every person accused of an offense is presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, and the burden of proof is upon the prosecution.
The rule that a court will accept some things as common knowledge without proof of fact.
Consists in the unlawful restraint of the liberty of a person. No actual force is necessary.
Limited search of a person consisting of the pat-down of outer clothing to feel for hard objects which may be weapons; based on reasonable suspicion that the officer believes his safety or the safety of others may be in danger.
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