Chapter 8 Vocab
Card Set Information
Chapter 8 Vocab
Exam 3-8 VOC
Factors that direct and energize the behavior of humans and other organisms.
Inborn patterns of behavior that are biologically determined rather than larned
Drive reduction approaches
Theories suggesting that a lack of a basic biological requiremet such as water produces a drive to obtain that requirement( in this case, a thrist drive)
The belief that we try to maintain certain levels of stimulation and activity, increasing or reducing them as necessary.
Theories suggesting that motivation stems form the desire to obtain valued external goals, or incentives.
theories suggestion that motivation is a product of people's thoughts and expectations
Self-actualization is a state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest ptentials, each in his or her own unique way
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
body weight that is more than 20% above the average weight for a person of a particular height
weight set point
The particular level of weight that the body strives to maintain
The rate at which food is converted to energy an expended by the body
A severe eating disorder in which people may refuse to eat while denying that their behavior and appearance-which can become skeleton like-are unusual.
A disorder in which a person binges on large quantites of food, followd by efforts to purge the food through vomiting or other means
male sex hormones secreted by the testes
Class of female sex hormones
a female sex hormone secreted by the ovaries
sexual attraction and behavior directed to the other sex
the view that premarital sex is permissible for males but not for females
sexual activity between a married person and someone who is not his or her spouse
Persons who are sexually attracted to member of their own sex
persons who are sexually attracted to people of the same sex and the other sex
persons who believe they were born wit the body of the other gender
need for achievement
a stable, learned characteristic in which a person obtains satisfaction by striving for and attaining a level of excellence
need for affiliation
an interest in establishing and maintaining relationships with other people
Need for power
a tendency to seek impact, control, or influence ober others, and to be seen as a powerful individual.
feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior
The idea that emotional experience is a reaction to bodily events occurring as a result of an external situation(i feel sad because i am crying)
The view that both physiological arousal and emotional experience are produced simultaneously by the same nerve stimulus.
The idea that emotions are determined jointly by a nonspecific kind of physiological arousal and its interpertation, based on enviornmental cues.
Facial affect program
Activation of a set of verve impulses that make the face display the appropriate expression
Facial feedback hypothesis
The hypothesis that facial expressions not only reflext emotional experience but also help determine how people experience and lablel emotions