Thinks that it is impossible to know the truth in matters such as God and future. There is no known ultimate reality. Find meaning in what they do or how they live. People bring meaning to what they do
What does atheist mean?
Do not believe in the existence of God, find meaning in life through work and interpersonal relationships. The absence i n the belief in deites. There are no deites, ther is no one ideology or set of behaviors that all atheists adhere to.
What are the benefits of spiritual health?
Caregivers carry less of a caregiver burden. HIV/AIDS pts who had more hope and meaning in life were more likely to follow medication regimens. Prayer can decrease physical stress for many people. Relaxation and guided imagery help the immune system to work better, reduce pain and anxiety.
What is spirituality?
beliefs and values
inner peace and harmony
What is spiritual well-being?
Vertical and horizontal axis
Vertical-transcendent-between self and force outside time and space
Horizontal-interpersonal-between others and environment
Explain faith & hope
Can be a cultural or institutional religion
Can be a relationship with a higher power-reasoning faith is a belief in something you have no proof of-trusting faith is when your belief causes you to live a certain way
Hope is present when you look forward to something
Hope motivates, enables us to persevere through hard times
What is spiritual distress?
May question previously held belief
symptoms include: anxiety, fear, guilt, anger, feelings of abandonment, depression, suicidal thoughts, self injury, and powerlessness
What is the nurse's role in spiritual health?
Support spiritual health by:
Showing acceptance of dignity and worth of each client
Respecting clients beliefs and leaving bias behind you
Explore spiritual needs with client
Provide interventions that are congruent with clients individual beliefs
Explain things to do during a spiritual assessment
Ask what revives them spiritually during hard times
Ask about what/who they turn to in hard times
What does client want as support for their religious or spiritual care
What gives your client's life meaning
How does illness or loss change meaning or purpose in life for client
What helps them to feel satisfied with life
Who or what is most important in your client's life at this time
How has illness affected how client's life is lived right now
What can you do as a nurse for spiritual health promotion?
Identify goal with client
consider making time for reflection a priority despite physical priorities
determine need for and facilitate access to appropriate spiritual provider
provide a caring presence
assist client with repairing
if client's beliefs differ so greatly from the nurses that she cannot provide compassionate care, she should ask for another assignment
List a few things about spirituality
It is a persons awareness of larger meaning life, divine being, internal motivating forces
Spiritual pain:suffering is a loss of one's sense of personal integrity, fragmenting of ones sense of internal togetherness
key elements of meaning and purpose of life, the needs for love relatedness and the problems of guilt and forgiveness
Explain a little bit about spirituality
Basic dignity and worth of all humans
deserve compassionate care
encompasses human need to searchfor meaningful answers to questions abourt life, illness and death
at the core is a persons deepest relationships with others, self and supreme being
How can nurses help suffering?
Exploring with client what is spirituality
Providing requested spiritual resources
Suggesting alternatives or sharing beliefs wit out imposing values
What is the goal of spirituality?
Holistic health practitioners believethat every person has a spirit that coexists with the physical body and that this spirit is the life spark that energizes the body
Try to achieve balance in body, mind and spirit
What does religion mean?
Refers to specific practices, rites, and rituals of a persons professed religion
What would be a spiritual assessment?
Assess the clients faith and beliefs
Review the clients view of life, self responsibility and life satisfaction
assess the extent of the clients fellowship and community
review if client practices religions and rituals
What would spiritual distress entail?
Demonstration of incongruity between professed beliefs and actions