What is the TIC’s capability for reading temperature ranges?
0 to 1100° F
How do you know the TIC is operating in the High energy band?
1. Low energy band: 0 to 200°F
2. High energy band: 200°F and above
How do you know the TIC is operating in the High energy band?
The presence of EI is in the upper left hand of the display. (SOG 5.3.02 P4)
On the TIC’s display, what is the temperature of the red objects?
450° or hotter
How do you know the TIC is overheating?
HIGH TEMP is displayed on the
How deep can the TIC submerge under water
Can the TIC be pointed at the sun? Is the camera intrinsically safe? Can the TIC provide images trough glass or shinny objects?
How long wills a TIC battery last on a full charge?
When will the TIC battery indicate LOW BAT?
Buildings are ventilated principally for what two reasons?
1. To prevent mushrooming, flashover, and back draft
2. To gain and maintain entry
What are the only units that carry smoke ejectors?
Ladder truck only
Explain defensive ventilation?
Ventilation holes burned out by the fire.
What is the rule of thumb for the size ventilations holes should be cut?
10% of the involved area
What is the order of cuts for ventilation holes?
1. The top cut
2. The leeward parallel cut
3. Knock out cut followed by the parallel cut closest to the ladder
4. The base cut
Minimal tools to bring to the roof may include the following
1. Irons – for cutting and footing
2. Trash hook
4. Saws with the proper blade for the job
5. Thermal Imaging Camera
The initial Roof Division Officer must report to Command the following conditions:
1. Roof design and construction (such as flat, peaked, bowstring, or other).
2. Structural conditions.
3. Fire conditions or effects of the fire on the roof’s integrity.
4. Locations of fire walls.
5. Locations of roof load/heavy objects that are affected by fire conditions.
What is an extremely dangerous operation of a power saw? When can this be ignored?
Operating a saw above chest height is extremely dangerous and should only be done if both: (SOG 5.3.06 P3)
1. The operation is under the direct supervision of an officer
2. And the value gained out weights the risk
In what situations does the rabbit tool not work effectively?
The Rabbit Tool does not work well on outward swinging doors or hollow core wooden doors set in stop jambs.
When should you check the fluid in the rabbit tool?
Fluid should be checked after every 10 hours of use
What units carry the rabbit tool
A Rabbit Tool will be carried on all Ladder apparatus and Squad 2.
What fluid does the rabbit tool use
Use only Hurst Phosphate-Ester hydraulic fluid
What is the correct placement of PPV fans?
Positive pressure fans should be placed at the point(s) of entry, on the unburned side of the fire building, 12 to 15 feet back from the opening (to create a pressure seal of air current around the door).
When placing PPV fans, is it more effective to place them Tandem (at separate entrances) or in Relay (one behind the other)
What is the proper climbing angle for ground ladder operations?
1. 70° for most operations
2. 60° for rescue or rapid escape
Proper tip placement parameters include the following: Rescue, ventilation,Roof access
1. Rescue: the tip at the window sill
2. Ventilation: tip at top of the window on the windward side
3. Roof Access: 5 rungs above the roof line
What is a simple formula for deterring the ladder distance placement from the bottom of the ladder to the wall? By using this formula what is the climbing angle?
¼ the total working length of the ladder. The climbing angle is 75 ½ °.
What are the safety ratings for fire service ground ladders?
Consider that fire service ladders are assumed to be able to safely support a 750-pound working load with a 4:1 safety factor.
What is the click method for raising ground ladders? What does 1 click equal?
It is the method of raising the ladder where each click is the rung going over the locks. One click equals 14 inches of vertical travel.
How often should ground ladders be tested, and in accordance with what standard?
NFPA 1932 requires annual tests and inspections should be conducted after every use and quarterly
What color do heat sensors turn when the ground ladder is exposed to too much heat? Should the ladder remain in service?
When the label turns black the ladder should be removed from service and load tested before place back in service.
Standard ground ladder pulleys should accommodate what diameter ropes?
3/8 and ½ inch ropes
How much strength does a ground ladder loose when exposed to 300°F?
List and describe the four rescue profiles.
1. Low rescue profile: empty or abandoned structure
2. Medium rescue profile: suspected to be unoccupied
3. High rescue profile: occupied and possible trapped victims
4. Urgent rescue profile: known life hazard
Can fire fighters operating a hand line perform rescue and suppression simultaneously?
What three pieces of equipment should a fire company have when conducting interior searches?
1. A set of irons
2. A poke pole
3. A water extinguisher
What does VES stand for?When is VES used? How long should it take?
Vent Enter and Search
During High and Urgent rescue profiles. 20 seconds.
What areas in commercial occupancies are prone to fires? Where do these occupants seek refuge?
According to statistical data, fires are prone to start in the back of the warehouse, office space, and break rooms. Occupants seek refuge in areas such as
2. Break rooms
3. Small offices
Fire fighters will not enter commercial occupancies further than how many feet to perform a primary search?
What are the construction type, diameter, and PSI of natural gas transmission lines?
They are generally constructed of steel, 12-36 inches in diameter, and are at 100 PSI.
Fill in the table and show the locations of AFD wild land stations.
All personnel will receive what wild land training?
1. I-100: introduction to incident command
2. S-130: basic wild land suppression
3. S-190: basic fire behavior
4. L-180: human factors on the fire line
What is the yearly process for maintaining your red card?
1. RT-130: wild land refresher class
2. Pack test
When is the wild land season?
April 15th to September 15th
AMAFCA estimates that the water in the arroyo system can travel at speeds of what?
The water travels up to speeds of 35 MPH but it rarely exceeds 11 MPH
What is the criterion to accept a wild land assignment out of city?
1. They must be immediately available
2. They must be available for 5 days
3.They must be at station 17 within 1 hour and ready to leave
What is an SRS.By disconnecting SRS, is it safe to operate around them? How long can they store energy?
It is a supplemental restraint system (car air bags) Disconnecting the batteries does not immediately disable the SRT.. store energy 12 minutes?
What is the distance for the hot zone during vehicle extrication?
10 foot circle around the vehicle
According to the confined space protocol, what levels are considered IDLH?
1. Oxygen less than 19.5%
2. Oxygen more than 23.5%
3. Flammable gas, vapor, or mist in excess of 10 percent of its lower explosive limit (LEL).
What units carry complete elevator key sets?
Ladder companies and Squad 2
First in units to a trench collapse shall not stage closer than how many feet?
150 Ft due to secondary collapse potential
All sources of vibration should be eliminated how many feet from a trench rescue?
List and describe the hazard zones for trench rescues
1. Hot Zone: 0-50 feet, only HTR personnel
2. Warm Zone: 50-100 feet, command
3. Cold Zone: 100-150 feet, staging, PIO, Rehab
Down time for trench collapse victims experence biolagical death?
What are the plank dimensions used along the edges of the trench?
2x8 plywood sheets or 2x10 planks
Rope rescue is divided into what two categories?
1. Low angle: less than 30° do not require a rope rescue system
2. High angle: above 30° do require a rope rescue system
What is the NFPA Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents.
What is the safety factor used for high angle rope rescue?
In regards to structural collapse, what percent of those who can be saved will be rescued within the first 24 hours of the rescue operation?
What percentage do lightly trapped victims account for? What percentage does surface victims account for?
What percentage does void space trapped victims account for? What percentage do entombed victims account for?
What does the number indicate at the bottom of an X?
The number of victims
Describe the three types of air horn bursts used to signal workers in a hazard zone?
1. Evacuate the area: 3 short bursts (1 second each)
2. Cease all operations/Quiet: 1 long burst (3 seconds)
3. Resume operations: 1 long and one short signal
What is cold water defined as?
below 70 degres
What are the PSI ratings for the air bag systems?
· 118 PSI for the Hurst
· 116 PSI for the Holmatro
What is the hot zone around air bag lifting operations?
How should the nipples of air bags be stored?
Nipples pointing upward and outward with caps in place
What temperature should power tools not be stored?
Temperatures greater than 105°
What are the three basic configurations or levels of command?
1. Strategic Level
2. Tactical Level
3. Task Level
When is the PIO dispatched?
Second alarms or greater, and fire related deaths
What are the 9 hazard classifications according to DOT?
Class 1 Explosives
Class 2 Gases
Class 3 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Class 4 Flammable Solids
Class 5 Oxidizers
Class 6 Toxins
Class 7 Radio Active
Class 8 Corrosives
Class 9 Miscellaneous
A. S.I.N.C.I.A.P.C.P.D.D.D. Overview
S = SAFETY
I = ISOLATION
N = NOTIFICATIONS
C = COMMAND & MANAGEMENT
I = IDENTIFICATION & HAZARD ASSESSMENT
A = ACTION PLANNING
P = PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
C = CONTAINMENT & CONTROL
P = PUBLIC PROTECTIVE ACTIONS
D = DECONTAMINATION
D = DISPOSAL
D = DOCUMENTATION
How will the change to a defensive strategy be made over the radio?
Via emergency traffic
What is the active fire area defined as?
It is defined as a 50 foot radius perimeter around the fire.
What does a rehab crew consist of?
A rescue, QI, engine as needed, CISD counselor as needed.
What are the three sections of rehab?
· Section A: entry point
· Section B: rehydration and replenishment
· Section C: medical Rx and Tx
Explain what happens after 20 minutes in section C of the rehab sector?
1. If a member’s pulse is above 100 they will be relieved from duty
2. If a member’s temperature is above 101 or if the systolic pressure is less than 100 IV fluid and transport is needed.
Explain the 3 tier system in regards to responding to violent calls?
· Tier 1: known violence has occurred
· Tier 2: violence against a unit has occurred
· Tier 3: riot situation
When approaching an aircraft, how many feet away should you stand from the engine intakes? What angle should you approach from?
You should stay back at least 30 feet from the intake and 200 feet from large aircraft exhausts. You should approach from a 45° angle.
What does a stand pipe kit consist of?
60° elbows, in line pressure gauge, 1 1/8 solid tip nozzle, 18 inch pipe wrench, door chocks, latch straps, chalk, spanner wrenches, 150 feet of 2 ½ inch hose assembled in staircase carries
The report of smoke in a high rise dispatch will consist of how many units?
Engine, Ladder and Commander.
· 4 engines
· 3 ladders
· 3 rescues
· 3 commanders
· 2 squads
· Unit 78
When conducting a primary search, what does an x under the door knob mean?
The room is evacuated
Who in the IMS decides elevator operations are to be used?
The Systems Branch Director
Is it correct to say phase II elevators requirements are above 75 feet and phase I elevator requirements are below 75 feet?
What are the three operations of phase I and II elevators?
· Phase I: on, off, bypass
· Phase II: on, off, hold
Studies show that elevators fail what percent of the time under emergency situations?
30% of the time
what are the four classes of standpipes?
Class I standpipes are designed for firefighter use
Class II standpipes are designed for occupant use
Class III standpipes provide both 2 ½” and 1 ½” outlets
Class IV standpipes are often referred to as combination systems
What are stand pipe pressure requirements before and after 1993?
· Before 1993: 65 to 100 PSI
· After 1993 100 to 175 PSI
What is the requirement for maximum separation of standpipes? Why is this?
No more than 130 feet. The figure is based upon 100 feet of working hose and a 30 foot stream.
What does the acronym ADULTS stand for? When is it used?
· Advanced fire
· Unknown location
· Large subdivided area
· Tons of water
· Sprinklers or Standpipes
What does an emergency traffic tone sound like?
The alarm room sends out a tone that sounds like a 5 second high/low warble.
During vehicle fires, bumper assemblies have been known to travel up to how many feet?
The average passenger car tire holds how much oil?
What are the three strategic methods for extinguishing tire fires?