Cell Respiration

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Author:
speedy4357
ID:
142261
Filename:
Cell Respiration
Updated:
2012-03-18 14:00:27
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cell respiration biology ATP
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Description:
1st test of 2nd trimester
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  1. What is the goal of cellular respirtaion?
    to take glucose and turn it into ATP
  2. Where does cellular respiration take place?
    in the mitochondria
  3. Cellular respiration and _________ are dependent on each other.
    photosynthesis
  4. What are the two kinds of cellular respiration?
    aerobic and anaerobic
  5. What are the four steps in aerobic respiration?
    • 1. Glycolysis
    • 2. Transition Step
    • 3. Krebs Cycle (citric acid)
    • 4.Electron Transport Chain
  6. Where does glycolysis take place?
    in the cytoplasm
  7. what does "lysis" mean?
    to spilt or cut
  8. In glycolysis, glucose is spilt into two _____.
    PGAL
  9. What do the NAD's do during glycolysis?
    they are the hydrogen taxies that start stripping the H from glucose
  10. What are the final products of glycolysis?
    net gain of 2 ATP and 2 pyruvic acid
  11. No ___ is used during glycolysis.
    O2
  12. In the transition step ____ is required but not used.
    O2
  13. Why is O2 required in the transition step?
    without it pyruvic acid won't go though the mitochondrail membrane
  14. In the transition step pyruvic acid is broken down into what? What is the carbon make-up? What is given off?
    • acetic acid
    • C-C+C
    • CO2
  15. What is the final product of the transition step?
    acetyl-CoA
  16. What isn't formed in the transition step?
    ATP, but you are gearing up for a big pay off
  17. The Kerb's cycle is similar to the ________.
    Calvin Cycle
  18. In the Kreb's Cycle, NAD's come to take away what?
    H
  19. In the Kreb's Cycle, what is released?
    CO2
  20. In the Kreb's Cycle, what new H taxi comes into play?
    FADs
  21. At the end of the Kreb's Cycle ___ and ___ are gone from the glucose.
    • C
    • O2
  22. Kreb's Cycle takes place where?
    in the mitochondria matrix
  23. In the Kreb's Cycle, you have a net gain of ___ ATP.
    2
  24. How many turns of the Kreb's Cycle must happen for one unit of glucose?
    2
  25. Where does the electron transport chain take place?
    the Cristae
    • A. NAD and FAD dump off of H and e-
    • B. O2
  26. What is the byproduct of the ETC?
    H2O
  27. The byproduct of Cellular Respiration is used for _________ and visa-versa.
    photosnythesis
  28. What is the cristae?
    the folded membrane in the mitochondria where the ETC takes place
  29. What are the two steps in anaerobic respiration?
    • 1. glyclyosis
    • 2. fermentation
  30. What are the two types of fermentation? What type of things do they apply to?
    lactic acid (human muscle cells and some bacteria) and alcohol (plants, bacteria, and yeast)
  31. What is the only way to get rid of lactic acid?
    convert it back to pyruvic acid
  32. Why is alcoholic fermentation important?
    baking industry and adult beverage industry
  33. Waste heat from __________ is used for body heat.
    cellular respiration
  34. Define: hypo
    too little heat
  35. Define: hyper
    too mcuh heat
  36. What is another word for warm blooded?
    homeothermic
  37. What advantages to bing warm blooded?
    you are always at peak operating time
  38. What are disadvantages to being warm blooded?
    • you need more energy
    • you are in severe danger if you get out of temperature range
  39. What is another name for being cold blooded?
    Ectothermic
  40. What don't cold blooded animals have?
    insulation
  41. What are advantages to being cold blooded?
    • low energy requirment
    • dormentance
  42. What are disadvantages to being cold blooded?
    not always at prime operating rate

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