Card Set Information
cell respiration biology ATP
1st test of 2nd trimester
What is the goal of cellular respirtaion?
to take glucose and turn it into ATP
Where does cellular respiration take place?
in the mitochondria
Cellular respiration and _________ are dependent on each other.
What are the two kinds of cellular respiration?
aerobic and anaerobic
What are the four steps in aerobic respiration?
2. Transition Step
3. Krebs Cycle (citric acid)
4.Electron Transport Chain
Where does glycolysis take place?
in the cytoplasm
what does "lysis" mean?
to spilt or cut
In glycolysis, glucose is spilt into two _____.
What do the NAD's do during glycolysis?
they are the hydrogen taxies that start stripping the H from glucose
What are the final products of glycolysis?
net gain of 2 ATP and 2 pyruvic acid
No ___ is used during glycolysis.
In the transition step ____ is required but not used.
Why is O
required in the transition step?
without it pyruvic acid won't go though the mitochondrail membrane
In the transition step pyruvic acid is broken down into what? What is the carbon make-up? What is given off?
What is the final product of the transition step?
What isn't formed in the transition step?
ATP, but you are gearing up for a big pay off
The Kerb's cycle is similar to the ________.
In the Kreb's Cycle, NAD's come to take away what?
In the Kreb's Cycle, what is released?
In the Kreb's Cycle, what new H taxi comes into play?
At the end of the Kreb's Cycle ___ and ___ are gone from the glucose.
Kreb's Cycle takes place where?
in the mitochondria matrix
In the Kreb's Cycle, you have a net gain of ___ ATP.
How many turns of the Kreb's Cycle must happen for one unit of glucose?
Where does the electron transport chain take place?
A. NAD and FAD dump off of H and e
What is the byproduct of the ETC?
The byproduct of Cellular Respiration is used for _________ and visa-versa.
What is the cristae?
the folded membrane in the mitochondria where the ETC takes place
What are the two steps in anaerobic respiration?
What are the two types of fermentation? What type of things do they apply to?
lactic acid (human muscle cells and some bacteria) and alcohol (plants, bacteria, and yeast)
What is the only way to get rid of lactic acid?
convert it back to pyruvic acid
Why is alcoholic fermentation important?
baking industry and adult beverage industry
Waste heat from __________ is used for body heat.
too little heat
too mcuh heat
What is another word for warm blooded?
What advantages to bing warm blooded?
you are always at peak operating time
What are disadvantages to being warm blooded?
you need more energy
you are in severe danger if you get out of temperature range
What is another name for being cold blooded?
What don't cold blooded animals have?
What are advantages to being cold blooded?
low energy requirment
What are disadvantages to being cold blooded?
not always at prime operating rate