Midterm 2 Vocab

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  1. Renaissance
    Rebirth. 1400-1600
  2. Imitative Counterpoint
    Contrapuntal texture marked by imitation between voices.
  3. Humanism
    Movement in the Renaissance to revive ancient Greek and Roman culture and to study things pertaining to human knowledge and experience.
  4. Chapel
    A group of salaried musicians and clerics emploed by a ruler, nobleman, church official, or other patron, who officiate at and furnish music for religious services.
  5. Pythagorean Temperaments
    A system of tuning notes in the scale, common in the Middle Ages, in which all perfect fourths and fifths are in perfect tune.
  6. Temperaments
    Any system of tuning notes in the scale in which pitches are adjusted to make most or all intervals soung well, though perhaps not in perfect tune.
  7. Mean-tone temperament
    A type of temperament in which the fifths are tuned small so that the major thirds sound well; frequently used for keyboard instruments from the Reanissance through the 18th C.
  8. Equal temperament
    A temperament in which the octave is divided into twelve equal semitones. This the most commonly used tuning for Western music today.
  9. Chromaticism
    The use of many notes from the chromatic scale in a passafe or piece
  10. Part-books
    A manuscript or printed book containing the music for one voice or instrumental part of a polyphonic compostition (most often, an anthology of pieces); to perform any piece, a complete set of partbooks is needed, so that all the parts are represented.
  11. Contenance Angloise
    English quality. Fewer dissonances, rhythmically simpler, lots of imperfect consonances. John Dunstable.
  12. Faburden
    English style of improvised polyphony from the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, in which a chant in the middle voice is joined by an upper voice moving in parallel a perfect fourth above it and a lower voice tha follows below the chant mostly in parallel thirds moving a fifth below to mark the abeginning and end of phrases and the ends of most words.
  13. Cantilenas
    Polyphonic song not based on a cantus firmus; used especially for polyphonic songs by English composers of the late 13th through early 15th C.
  14. Carol
    English song, usually on a religious subject, with several stanzas and a burden or refrain. From the 15th C on, most carols are polyphonic.
  15. Burden
    1). In English medieval polyphony, the lowest voice. 2) In the English carol, the refrain.
  16. Paraphrase
    Technique in which a chant or other melody is reworked, often by altering rhythms and adding notes, and places in a polyphonic setting.
  17. Fauxbourdon
    Music sung in 1st inversion. The bottom voice a 6th unfer the top voice and the 3rd voice a 4th under. Du Fay.
  18. Plainsong Mass
    A unison unaccompanied song, particularly a liturgical, song to a Latin text
  19. Head-motive
    Initial passage or motive of a piece or moevment; used especially or a motive or phrase that appears at the beginning of each moevemnt of a motto mass or cantus-firmus mass.
  20. Motto mass
    Polyphonic mass in which the movements are linked primarliy by sharing the same opening motive or phrase.
  21. Cantus-firmus/Imitation Mass
    Polyphonic mass in which each movement is based on the same polyphonic work, using that work's tenor as a cantus firmus, normally in the tenor, and borrowing some elements from the other voices of the model to use in the other voices of the mass.
  22. Point of Imitation
    Passage of a polyphonic work in which two or more parts enter in imitation.
  23. Text Painting
    Using musical gestures to reinforce or suggest mages in a text. Conveying or suggesting through musical means the emotions expressed in a text.
  24. Chorale
    Strophic hymn in the Lutheran tradition, intended to be sung by the congregation.
  25. Metrical Psalm
    Metric, rhymed, and strophic vernacular translation of a psalm, sung to a relatively simple melody that repeats for each strophe.
  26. Anthem
    A polyphonic sacred work in English for Anglian religious services.
  27. Full Anthem
    An anthem for choir without accompiament. Byrd.
  28. Bergerette
    One stanza of the virelai. Abba. Busnoys.
  29. Verse Anthem
    Anthem in which solo voices are accompianed and alternates with passages for full choir doubled by instruments.
  30. Frottola
    Syllabic, homophonic, diatonic, with the melody in the upper voice and marked rhythmic patterns. Marco Cara.
  31. Lute song
    English genre of solo song with lute accompaniment. John Dowland.
  32. Canzon
    An instrumental work adapted from a chanson or composed in a similary style. Gabrieli
  33. Musica Transalpina
    Nicholas Young. 1588. Collection of Madrigals in English, led to English madrigal
  34. Old Hall Manuscript
    Dunstable. Collection of music 1415-1420 that contained music from contenance angloise
  35. Soggetto Cavato
    Josquin. Was used to put name in mass choose the solfege syllable closest to each vowel in the name.
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Midterm 2 Vocab
Music History 330 Midterm 2 Vocab
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