Solid and Hazardous Waste

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Author:
Cartejer
ID:
142308
Filename:
Solid and Hazardous Waste
Updated:
2012-03-18 16:27:42
Tags:
Environmental Health
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Description:
et tu brutus?
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  1. Types of waste
    • Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW)
    • Hazardous Waste
  2. Municipal Solid Wastes
    • Public Health requires quick disposal
    • Heterogeneous
    • 4.4 pounds/per person/ per day in US
  3. Where does our trash go?
    • Landfill 60%
    • Recycled/compost 32%
    • Incinerated 8%
  4. Disposal Alternatives
    • Sanitary Landfills
    • Source Reduction
    • Recycling
    • Composting
    • Waste Combustion
  5. Sanitary Landfills
    • 61% of nations waste
    • Thin layers of trash compacted with dirt
    • Most Common
    • Engineered systems
    • impermeable liner
    • leachate collection system
    • gas collection system
  6. Each week, we throw away
    • 500,000 trees in the form of newspapers
    • Enough glass to fill one of the 1,350 towers of the NY trade enter
    • 420 million plastic bottles
    • Enought aluminum to rebuild 1/12 of the entire commercial air fleet
    • Enough office and writing paper to build a wall 3 inches high between LA and NYC
  7. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA, 1976)
    • "cradle to grave" management of hazardous wastes
    • Defines hazardous wastes
    • Manifest system
    • Standards for haz waste facilities
    • Issues permits for facilities
    • Helps goverment create haz waste plans
  8. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA, 1980)
    • Superfund
    • cleanup of hazardous waste sites
    • EPA compiles National Priority List (NPL)
    • NPL sites elgible for $$$
  9. Household Hazardous Wastes
    • Each North American generates 20lbs/year
    • paint, pesticiedes, cleaning prducts, medicines
    • Risks: health, environmental, safety

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