UNIT TWO QUESTIONS

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UNIT TWO QUESTIONS
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UNIT TWO QUESTIONS
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  1. Which of the following is an example of an event or situation between 600 and 1450 CE that helps to distinguish it as a new period in world history?

    A. Hinduism was established as the major religion on the Indian subcontinent.
    B. The Mongols invaded many areas of Eurasia and formed the largest empire in world history.
    C. Buddhism entered China for the first time and for a time supplanted Confucianism
    D. Christianity was spread around the eastern Mediterranean by Paul of Tarsus.
    E. The invasions of the Huns disrupted the former Roma Empire as they attacked from the northeast
    B. The Mongols invaded many areas of Eurasia and formed the largest empire in world history.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The hijra (Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE) is an event that is central to Muslim beliefs because it..
    established the umma or the Muslim community
  3. In the 9th century the Tang Dynasty was weakened by considerable conflict between...
    D. Buddhism and Confucianism
  4. All of the following were characeristcs of nomadic groups in the eras before 1450 CE EXCEPT:

    A. Most were patriarchal, although women often had higher status than women in sedentary societies had.
    B. Nomadic societies almost never had positive influence on settled peoples
    C. Kinship ties generally determined social hierarchy and relationship.
    D. Nomadic societies often traded with sedentary societies.
    E. Most of the themes of nomadic art centered on their animals
    B. Nomadic societies almost never had positive influence on settled peoples
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The civilization in Meso-America dominated all surrounding peoples during the 15th century. Their priests escorted captured warriors up the temple steps and tore out their hearts. I some ceremonies thousands of people died in this way. In this marathon of bloodshed, knife-wielding priests were known to collapse from exhaustion and had to be replaced with fresh executioners.

    The civilization described above was the

    A. Inca
    B. Maya
    C. Aztec
    D. Olmec
    E. Chavin
    C. Aztec
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The main purpose of the ritual that the passage captures was to...

    A. demonstrate the power of military victory
    B. please and satisfy the gods
    C. control the rapidly growing population
    D. impress subjects with "theatre state" techniques
    E. make the crops grow
    B. please and satisfy the gods.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. All of the following are part of the Five Pillars of Faith EXCEPT:

    A. prayer five times a day
    B. right thought and right action
    C. the pilgrimage, or hajj, to Mecca
    D. the Declaration of Faith
    E. observation of fasting during the month of Ramadan
    A. prayer five times a day
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. All of the following groups invaded Europe between 400 and 1000 CE EXCEPT:

    A. Huns
    B. Mongols
    C. Vikings
    D. Magyars
    E. Vandals
    B. Mongols
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The early existence of "Africanity" can best be explained by the influence of..

    A. long distance trade that connected Africa to countries across the Indian Ocean
    B. strong political leaders of most cultural groups
    C. the Berber leadership in trade and iron metallurgy
    D. the spread of Christianity to all parts of Africa
    E. the Bantu migrations
    E. the Bantu migrations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. "It is the imminent peril threatening you and all the faithful, which has brought us hither. From the confines of Jerusalem and the city of Constantinople a horrible tale has gone forth..."

    The above quote describes which of the following events?

    A. the creation of the Eastern Roman Empire
    B. the invasion of the Middle East by the Mongols
    C. the capture of the Holy Lands by the Seljuk Turks
    D. the establishment of the Abbasid dynasty
    E. the invasion of Europe by the Huns
    C. the capture of the Holy Lands by the Seljuk Turks
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Bedouins were instrumental in spreading which of the following religions?

    A. Presbyterianism in Scotland
    B. Shintoism throughout Japan
    C. Buddhism throughout China
    D. Christianity in Africa
    E. Islam on the Arabian Peninsula
    E. Islam on the Arabian Peninsula
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is an accurate description of the Byzantine EMpire?

    A. It lasted a thousand years after the fall of Rome.
    B. It ended with the rise of Islam
    C. It was conquered by Charlemagne
    D. It was established during the Age of Augustus Caesar.
    E. It conquered the Ottoman Turks
    A. It lasted a thousand years after the fall of Rome.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following most eased population pressure in Europe in the 14th century?

    A. improved agricultural techniques
    B. deaths caused by the Mongol invasions
    C. deforestation
    D. the Black Death
    E. the Black Death
  14. Most urban growth in western Europe after 1200 stemmed from..

    A. an influx of gold from Africa
    B. improvements in breeding techniques of farm animals
    C. an ambitious economic development plan designed by the pope
    D. the continuing growth of trade and manufacturing
    E. the clearing of new farmland
    D. the continuing growth of trade and manufacturing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. All of the following were significant technological advancements of the Chinese during the Song Dynasty EXCEPT:

    A. the camel saddle
    B. gunpowder
    C. metallurgy: iron and steel working
    D. improvements in shipbuilding
    E. moveable type
    A. the camel saddle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The "Seal of the Prophet" reflects most directly a Muslim belief that..

    A. Islam will eventually supplant all other major religions in the world
    B. The caliphs should always be chosen from among the descendants of Muhammad
    C. Muhammad's nature is partly human and partly divine.
    D. Muhammad is the alst in a series of prophets sent by Allah with a message to humankind
    E. Allah is the same spiritual force as the Jewish Jehovah
    D. Muhammad is the alst in a series of prophets sent by Allah with a message to humankind
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The vessel (dhow) was used most extensively in trade on the ...
    Indian Ocean
  18. All of the following factors contributed to significant population increase in Tang/Song China EXCEPT:

    A. development of fast-growing strains of rice
    B. Buddhist disapporval of birth control practices.
    C. improvements in plows and other agricultural tools
    D. new trade-based prosperity in the cities
    E. incerased use of oxen and/or water buffalo in farming
    B. Buddhist disapporval of birth control practices.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. In the period between 500 and 1000 CE, all of the following statements accurately compare the eastern and western part of what had been the Roman Empire EXCEPT:

    A. The east kept more aspects of the old Roman civilization intact than did the west.
    B. Civilizations in the east generally were more directly involved in world trade routes
    C. Christian in both areas were largely under the control of the Pope.
    D. In general the civilizations of the east were more advanced economically and culturally than were those of the west.
    E. Political organizations in the west were generally more fragmented than they were in the east.
    C. Christian in both areas were largely under the control of the Pope.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is Justinian's most significant long-term accomplishment?

    A. He united Christians by helping to solve religious disputes
    B. He established monotheism firmly in the east by banishing all forms of polytheism.
    C. He rebuilt Rome and restored it to its former glory.
    D. He systematized the Roman legal code.
    E. He reconquered much of the territory that the old Roman Empire once controlled.
    D. He systematized the Roman legal code.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. How did Neo-Confucianism differ from the older version of Confucianism?

    A. It put less emphasis on the authority of the eldest male in the family.
    B. Although it kept women in subservient roles, it allowed them more rights and freedoms than they had in previous times.
    C. It was much less tolerant of competing belief systems, including Buddhism, Daoism, and Legalism.
    D. It broadened the concept of "li" to recognize the existence of an overall cosmic order.
    E. It put less emphasis on the importance of maintaining harmony and balance in society.
    D. It broadened the concept of "li" to recognize the existence of an overall cosmic order.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What was the most important issue that caused the original split between Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims?

    A. whether caliphs should be chosen from Muhammad's family or from th eleadership of the umma.
    B. where Muhammad should be buried: Mecca or Medina
    C. whether or not Islam should emphasize conversion and expansion
    D. whether or not Islamic law and secular law should be blended into one legal code.
    E. whether or not women should be allowed to have leadership roles in the umma.
    A. whether caliphs should be chosen from Muhammad's family or from th eleadership of the umma.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What major public work was first constructed during the Sui Dynasty?

    A. an aqueduct system that brought water to all major Chinese cities
    B. a sewage system in Chang'an
    C. the first palace in Beijing
    D. the Great Wall
    E. the Grand Canal
    E. the Grand Canal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which civilization split political leadership between ceremonial and real policy making powers in the era before and after 100 CE?

    A. Vietnam
    B. India
    C. Japan
    D. China
    E. Korea
    C. Japan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The establishment of the Mongol Empire had all of the following consequences EXCEPT:

    A. the strengthening of maritime trade in the South China Sea.
    B. the rise of the autocracy in Russia
    C. the diffusion of gunpowder technology
    D. the reopening and extension of the Silk Road
    E. the demand for European products such as wool, porcelain, sugar, spices, and coffee
    E. the demand for European products such as wool, porcelain, sugar, spices, and coffee
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following was a major result of the Christian Crusades?

    A. Christian Europe forged an alliance with I1 Khan (khanate in the Middle East).
    B. The Holy Land was freed at the expense of kings.
    D. Commercial towns like Venice declined in influence and power.
    E. Europeans were introduced to new technology and cultures.
    E. Europeans were introduced to new technology and cultures.

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