L7 Grammar

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Author:
hanah_chang
ID:
142397
Filename:
L7 Grammar
Updated:
2012-03-18 23:34:51
Tags:
Japanese grammar
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Description:
L7 Grammar Notes 1-7
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  1. -If that's the case
    -If so
    -In that case
    -Then
    -Well then
    S1。{では/それでは/じゃ}、S2。

  2. -On top of that
    -In addition (to that)
    -What's more
    -Besides
    -Moreover
    S1。その上、S2

    • -Used to emphasize an additional piece of info
    • -S2 usually contains the particle も or まで
  3. "Even"
    Noun (particle) さえ

    • -Never used with the particle が
    • -Usually not used with を
    • -Optional to use へ/direcitonal に
    • -Mandatory to use other particles like locational に 、で、から
  4. それでは
    "If that is the case"

    • -それ refers to what was said in the previous sentence(s)
    • -Written or formal language
  5. -For
    -Made for
    -For the use of
    -Directed to
    ~向け

    Often affixed to nouns which refer to people, countries, and organizations

    • a) Noun 向けだ
    • b) Noun 向けにVerb
    • c) Noun1向けのNoun2
  6. "Be"
    ~である

    • a) Affirmative: である/であった
    • b) Negative: ではない/ではなかった
    • c) {Noun/な-adj./の-adj.} + {である/であった/ではない/ではなかった} Noun
  7. -V out
    -Begin to V
    -Start to V
    -Begin V-ing
    -Start V-ing
    V(ます)出す

    • 1) Someone makes something available/accesible which hasn't existed or hasn't been available or accessible
    • 2) Someone begins something or something begins

    -Used for abrupt and non-volitional actions
  8. Ex: 生み出す
    To create
  9. Ex: 掘り出す(ほりだす)
    To dig up/out
  10. 見つけ出す
    To find out
  11. Ex: 笑い出す
    To start laughing
  12. Ex: 動き出す
    To begin to move
  13. "There is no N which/who does not V"
    V(ない)ないNounはない/いない

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