Ch 12 Personality

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luluama711
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142550
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Ch 12 Personality
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2012-03-24 10:38:21
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Psychology Vocab
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Chapter 12 Personality
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  1. Personality
    a pattern of enduring distinctive thoughts emtions and behavior that characterize the way an individual adapts to the world.
  2. Psychodinamic Perspective
    theoretical views emphasizing that personality is primarily unconscious (beyond awareness)
  3. I.D.
    The part of the person Freud called the "it" consisting of unconcsious drives; the individual's reservoir of sexual energy
  4. Ego
    the Freudian structure of personality that deals w the demands of reality
  5. Superego
    the Freudian structure of personality that serves as the harsh internal judge of our behavior; what we often call conscience.
  6. Defense Mechanism
    tactics the ego uses to reduce anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
  7. Oedipus Complex
    according to Freud a boy's intense desire to replace his father and enjoy the actions of his mother.
  8. Collective Unconscious
    Jung's term for the impersonal, deepest layer of unconscious mind shared by all human beings because of their common ancestral past.
  9. Archetypes
    Jungs term for emotionally laden ideas and images in the collective unconscious that have rich and symbolic meaning for all ppl
  10. Individual Psychology
    Adler's view that ppl r motivated by purposes and goals an that perfection, not pleasure is thus the key motivator in human life
  11. Humanistic Perspectives
    theoretical views stressing a persons capacity for personal growth and positive human qualities
  12. Unconditional Positive Regard
    Roger's construct referring to the individuals need to be accepted, valued and treated poitively regardless of his/her behavior
  13. Conditions of Worth
    the standards that the individual must live up to in order to revieve positive regard from others.
  14. Trait Theories
    theoretical views stressing that personalities consist of broad, enduring dispositions (traits) that tend to lead to characteristic response
  15. Big 5 Factors of Personality
    the 5 broad traits that r thought to describe the main mensions of personality; neuorticism (emotional instability) extravision oppenness to experience and agreeableness and consciencousness
  16. Personalogical and Life Story Perspectiveness
    theoretical views stressing that the way to understand the person is to focus on his/her life history and life story
  17. Social Cognitive Perspectives
    theoretical views emphasizing conscious awareness, beliefs expectations and goals.
  18. Self Efficiency
    the belief that 1 can master a situation and produce positive change
  19. Cognitive Affective Processing Systems
    Mischel's theoretical model for describing that our thoughts and emotions about ourselves and the world saffect our behavior and become linked in ways that matter to behavior
  20. Behavioral Genetics
    the study of the inherited underpinnings of behavioral characteristics
  21. Self-Report Test
    also called an objective test or an inventory, a method of measuring personality characteristics that directly asks ppl whether spevific items describe their personality traits
  22. Empirically Keyed Test
    a type of self report test that presents many quiestionnare items to 2 groups that r known to be different in the same central way
  23. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
    The most widely used and researched empirically keyed self-report personality test
  24. Face Validity
    the extent to which a test item appears to be a good fit to the characterstics it measures
  25. Projective Test
    a personality assessment test that presents individual's w an ambiguous stimulous and asks them to describe it or tell a story about it, -to project thei own meaning onto the stimulus
  26. Rorscharch Inkblot Test
    a famous projective test that uses an individuals preception of inkblots to determine his/her personality
  27. Thematic Appeception
    a projective test that is designed to elecit stories that reveal soemthing about and individuals personality
  28. Type A Behavior Pattern
    a cluster of characteristics -such as being excessively competitive hard driven, impatient, and hostile related to the incidence of heart disease
  29. Type B Behavior Pattern
    a cluster of characteristics such as sbeing relaxed and easy-going -related to good health
  30. Subjective Well-Being
    a person's assessment of his/her own level of positive affect, and the individuals evaluation of his/her life in general

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