Ch 12 Personality
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Ch 12 Personality
Chapter 12 Personality
a pattern of enduring distinctive thoughts emtions and behavior that characterize the way an individual adapts to the world.
theoretical views emphasizing that personality is primarily unconscious (beyond awareness)
The part of the person Freud called the "it" consisting of unconcsious drives; the individual's reservoir of sexual energy
the Freudian structure of personality that deals w the demands of reality
the Freudian structure of personality that serves as the harsh internal judge of our behavior; what we often call conscience.
tactics the ego uses to reduce anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
according to Freud a boy's intense desire to replace his father and enjoy the actions of his mother.
Jung's term for the impersonal, deepest layer of unconscious mind shared by all human beings because of their common ancestral past.
Jungs term for emotionally laden ideas and images in the collective unconscious that have rich and symbolic meaning for all ppl
Adler's view that ppl r motivated by purposes and goals an that perfection, not pleasure is thus the key motivator in human life
theoretical views stressing a persons capacity for personal growth and positive human qualities
Unconditional Positive Regard
Roger's construct referring to the individuals need to be accepted, valued and treated poitively regardless of his/her behavior
Conditions of Worth
the standards that the individual must live up to in order to revieve positive regard from others.
theoretical views stressing that personalities consist of broad, enduring dispositions (traits) that tend to lead to characteristic response
Big 5 Factors of Personality
the 5 broad traits that r thought to describe the main mensions of personality; neuorticism (emotional instability) extravision oppenness to experience and agreeableness and consciencousness
Personalogical and Life Story Perspectiveness
theoretical views stressing that the way to understand the person is to focus on his/her life history and life story
Social Cognitive Perspectives
theoretical views emphasizing conscious awareness, beliefs expectations and goals.
the belief that 1 can master a situation and produce positive change
Cognitive Affective Processing Systems
Mischel's theoretical model for describing that our thoughts and emotions about ourselves and the world saffect our behavior and become linked in ways that matter to behavior
the study of the inherited underpinnings of behavioral characteristics
also called an objective test or an inventory, a method of measuring personality characteristics that directly asks ppl whether spevific items describe their personality traits
Empirically Keyed Test
a type of self report test that presents many quiestionnare items to 2 groups that r known to be different in the same central way
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
The most widely used and researched empirically keyed self-report personality test
the extent to which a test item appears to be a good fit to the characterstics it measures
a personality assessment test that presents individual's w an ambiguous stimulous and asks them to describe it or tell a story about it, -to project thei own meaning onto the stimulus
Rorscharch Inkblot Test
a famous projective test that uses an individuals preception of inkblots to determine his/her personality
a projective test that is designed to elecit stories that reveal soemthing about and individuals personality
Type A Behavior Pattern
a cluster of characteristics -such as being excessively competitive hard driven, impatient, and hostile related to the incidence of heart disease
Type B Behavior Pattern
a cluster of characteristics such as sbeing relaxed and easy-going -related to good health
a person's assessment of his/her own level of positive affect, and the individuals evaluation of his/her life in general