Literary Terms Page 4

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  1. stage directions
    notes included in a drama to describe how the work is to be performed or staged; printed in italics and are not spoken aloud; used to describe sets, lighting, sound effects, and the appearance, personalities, and movements of characters
  2. moral
    a lesson taught by a literary work; a fable usually ends with this term that is directly stated
  3. denotation
    a word's dictionary meaning, independent of other associations that the word may have
  4. aside
    a short speech delivered by an actor in a play, which expresses the character's thoughts; traditionally directed to the audience and presumed to be inaudible to the other actors
  5. rhyme scheme
    a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem; in a poem, this is indicated by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme
  6. persuasion
    writing or speech that attempts to convince the reader to adopt a particular opinion or course of action
  7. soliloquy
    a long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage
  8. essay
    a short nonfiction work about a particular subject
  9. villanelle
    a lyric poem written in three-line stanzas, ending with a four-line stanza; this poem has two refrain lines that appear initially in the first and third lines of the first stanza; then, they appear alternately as the third line of the subsequent stanzas, and finally, as the last two lines of the poem
  10. short story
    a brief work of fiction; resembles the longer novel but generally has a simpler plot and setting; tends to reveal character at a crucial moment rather than to develop it through man incidents
  11. genre
    a category or type of literature in which is commonly divided into poetry, prose, and drama
  12. surprise ending
    a conclusion that violates the expectations of the reader but in a way that is both logical and believable
  13. poetry
    one of three major types of literature; most will make use of highly concise, musical, and emotionally charaged language; many also make use of imagery, figurative language and special devices of sound such as rhyme
  14. fantasy
    a highly imaginative writing that contains elements not found in real life; some examples include stories that involve supernatural elements, stories that resemble fairy tales, and stories that deal with imaginary places and creatures
  15. character
    a person, an animal, or a thing that takes part in the action of a literary work
  16. heptastitch
    a seven-line stanza
  17. sestet
    a six-line stanza
  18. quatrain
    a four-line stanza
  19. octave
    an eight-line stanza
  20. cinquain
    a five-line stanza
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Literary Terms Page 4
literary terms
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