ed 331 test 2 ch5-8

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ed 331 test 2 ch5-8
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2012-03-19 18:35:55
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  1. adequate education
    provides a legal approach for ensuring educational opportunities for poorer students based on state constitution guarantees for an efficient, thorough, or uniform education. calls for adequate education have replaced previous calls for equal educational expenditures
  2. block grants
    federal dollars provided to the states, with limited federal restrictions, for educational aid and program funding
  3. bond
    a certificate of debt issued by a government guaranteeing payment of the original investment plus interest by a specified future date. bonds are used by local communities to raise the funds they need to build or repair schools
  4. categorical grants
    financial aid to local school districts from state or federal agencies for specific purposes
  5. collaborative decision making
    teachers share power with the school principal and actively participate in curricular, budgetary, and other school policy decisions
  6. consolidation
    the trend toward combining small or rural school districts into larger ones
  7. covert power
    the unofficial power structure withina school. it cant be identified by the official title, position, or functions of individuals. for ex, it reflects the potential influence iof a school secretary or custodian
  8. decentralization
    the trend of dividing large school districts into smaller & it is hoped, more responsive units
  9. hidden government
    the unofficial power structure withina school. it cant be identified by the official title, position, or functions of individuals. for ex, it reflects the potential influence iof a school secretary or custodian
  10. property tax
    local real estate taxes (also cars and personal property) historically used to fund local schools
  11. Robin Hood reformers
    as a result of court actions, many states are redistributing revenue from wealthier to poorer communities to equalize educational funding, a process not unlike the efforts of the hero of Sherwood Forest
  12. San Antonio v Rodriguez
    • argued that the property tax funding schools was flawed because Edgewood residents paid one of the highest tax rates yet it only raised $37/student (due to prperty not being worth much) while Alamo Heights raised $412/student. this violated US Constitutions guarantee for equal protection under the law
    • Rodriquez lost by 1 vote
  13. school boards
    elected or appointed officials who determine educational policies for school systems
  14. Serrano v Priest
    like San Antonio v Rodriguez, Baldwin Park raised $577/ student while Beverly Hills raised $1232/student in CA and the court found that heavy reliance on the local property tax "makes the quality of a child's education a function ofthe wealth of his parents and neighbors
  15. site-based (school-based) management
    a school governance method that shifts decision making from the central district office to individual schools
  16. 10th amendment
    Est. that areas not specifically mentioned in the constitution as fed responsibilities are left to state authority. Since ed is not mentioned, each state is free to create its own school system

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