Dishman Final #1

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Dishman Final #1
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2012-03-19 21:25:58
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Dishman Final #1
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  1. 1. Functions of the patella include which of the following?
    A. A and C
    B. increased biomechanical advantage of the knee extensor system
    C. A and B
    D. prevention of the femur from posterior movement on the tibial condyles
    E. Anterior protection of the knee joint
    A. A and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2. Which of the following tests is most sensitive for an acute ACL injury?
    A. Anterior drawer test
    B. McMurray test
    C. Lachman's test
    D. Apley compression test
    C. Lachman's test
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3. Which of the following muscles is NOT a flexor of the knee joint?
    A. Sartorius
    B. Semitendinosus
    C. Rectus femoris
    D. Gracilis
    C. Rectus femoris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4. All of the following are associated with genum valgum EXCEPT?
    A. is associated with abnormal tightness of the iliotibial band
    B. the presence of knock-knees
    C. pronated feet are commonly associated with the condition
    D. occurs as a compensation for lordosis
    D. occurs as a compensation for lordosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. All of the following are descriptions of meniscal tears EXCEPT?
    A. Circumferential
    B. Bucket-handle
    C. Radial
    D. Oblique
    E. Horizontal
    A. Circumferential
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6. Which of the following structures is attached to the medial meniscus?
    A. Cruciate ligament
    B. Coronary ligament
    C. Popliteal tendon
    D. Ligament of Wrisberg
    B. Coronary ligament
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7. Avulsion of the patellar tendon at the epiphysis of the tibial tubercle is known as which condition?
    A. chondromalacia
    B. Osgood-Schlatter's disease
    C. Larsen-Johannson disease
    D. jumper's knee
    B. Osgood-Schlatter's disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. All of the following are true concerning the menisci of the knee EXCEPT which of the following?
    A. the medial meniscus forms an almost complete circle
    B. they are avascular except for the outer third component
    C. they help to evenly distribute the forces generated in the knee joint itself
    D. they are comprised of fibrocartilage
    A. the medial meniscus forms an almost complete circle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9. Which of the following nerves comprises the sciatic nerve?
    A. tibial nerve and pudendal nerve
    B. femoral nerve and tibial nerve
    C. femoral nerve and obturator nerve
    D. common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve
    D. common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10. Which muscle is most commonly associated with sciatica?
    A. Biceps femoris
    B. Rectus femoris
    C. Piriformis
    D. Pectineus
    C. Piriformis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11. The trendelenburg test is used to assess which of the following?
    A. the tightness of the iliiotibial band
    B. abnormal tracking of the patella
    C. the integrity of the menisci
    D. the strength of the gluteus medius muscle
    D. the strength of the gluteus medius muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12. All of the following are abductors of the hip EXCEPT?
    A. Tensor fascia latae
    B. Gluteus minimus
    C. Gluteus medius
    D. Gluteus maximus
    D. Gluteus maximus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13. Which of the following is true regarding the sciatic nerve?
    A. It originates between L1 and L3
    B. It is comprised of the tibial nerve and the obturator nerve
    C. It typically emerges superior to the piriformis
    D. It passes through the greater sciatic foramen
    D. It passes through the greater sciatic foramen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14. Which of the following is a condition of the hip typically occurring in school-aged children that is primarily associated with avascular necrosis of the femoral head?
    A. Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
    B. subtrochanteric bursitis
    C. slipped capital femoral epiphysis
    D. Hip pointer
    A. Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15. Which of the following tests would assess for meniscus injury?
    A. A and B
    B. Apley compression test
    C. McMurray's test
    D. Apley's distraction test
    e. All of the above are correct
    A. A and B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16. The orthopedic test to evaluate the iliotibial band is which of the following?
    A. Thomas test
    B. trendelenburg test
    C. Ober's test
    D. Craig test
    C. Ober's test
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17. An orthopedic test designed to asses the SI joint is which of the following?
    A. Lachman's test
    B. Patrick test
    C. Thomas test
    D. Craig test
    B. Patrick test
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18. In which of the following is side-posturing adjusting contraindicated in the acute phase of the condition?
    A. prepatellar bursitis
    B. Sciatica
    C. subtrochanteric bursitis
    D. contracture of the hip flexors
    C. subtrochanteric bursitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19. All of the following are extensors of the knee EXCEPT?
    a. Biceps femoris
    b. Vastus medialis
    c. Vastus lateralis
    d. Rectus femoris
    a. Biceps femoris
  20. 20. Which of the following statements is correct concerning the medial collateral ligament of the knee?
    A. it is independent of the joint capsule
    B. it stabilizes the knee in the sagittal plane
    C. it is a cord-like ligament that attaches to the medial epicondyle of the femur and the head of the fibula
    D. its major purpose is to prevent the knee from valgus and external rotating forces
    D. its major purpose is to prevent the knee from valgus and external rotating forces
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21. Which of the following structures stabilize the knee laterally?
    a. IT band
    b. Popliteal muscle
    c. Biceps femoris
    d. A and C
    e. All of the above
    e. All of the above
  22. 22. All of the following muscles are external rotators of the hip EXCEPT?
    A. Piriformis
    B. Superior gemellus
    C. Quadratus femoris
    D. Gluteus maximus
    E. Gluteus medius
    E. Gluteus medius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23. Which of the following muscles crosses both the hip joint and the knee joint?
    A. Pectineus
    B. Vastus lateralis
    C. Rectus femoris
    D. Vastus intermedius
    E. Vastus medialis
    C. Rectus femoris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24. Which nerve listed below is most likely to be used during a routine nerve biopsy?
    A. Saphenous
    B. Superficial peroneal
    C. Superficial fibular
    D. Sural
    E. Sciatic
    D. Sural
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25. Which structure listed below is not classically considered a constituent of the "femoral triangle"?
    A. Femoral vein
    B. Ilioinguinal nerve
    C. Femoral artery
    D. Femoral nerve
    e. All of the above are part of the triangle
    B. Ilioinguinal nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26. Which of the following muscles listed below insert into the pes anserinus?
    A. Sartorius, semitendonosus, semimembranosus
    B. Sartorius, gracilis, semimembranosus
    C. Sartorius, semimembranosus, patellar tendon
    D. Sartorius, gracilis, semitendonosus
    e. None of the above are correct
    D. Sartorius, gracilis, semitendonosus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27. The adductor magnus muscle, which is comprised of two parts (hamstring and adductor) inserts into?
    A. Medial supracondylar line
    B. A, B and C
    C. Adductor tubercle
    D. Gluteal tuberosity
    E. A and B only
    B. A, B and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28. Which of the following structure(s) do not traverse or pass through the popliteal fossa?
    A. Tibial nerve
    B. Sural nerve
    C. Popliteal vein
    D. Popliteal artery
    e. All of the above are correct
    B. Sural nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29. The biceps femoris has two heads of origin, with the long head being supplied by the __________ nerve, while the short head receives its innervation from the __________ nerve?
    A. tibial division of sciatic, common fibular division of sciatic
    B. common fibular division of sciatic, tibial division of sciatic
    C. superficial peroneal, tibial
    D. tibial division of sciatic, tibial division of sciatic
    e. none of the above are correct
    A. tibial division of sciatic, common fibular division of sciatic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30. The posterior femoral cutaneous nerve?
    A. innervates the deep structures of the knee
    B. receives most of its fibers from the S3 nerve root
    C. supplies the skin over the midline of the posterior thigh
    D. is a part of the popliteal fossa
    E. supplies the skin on the medial knee region
    C. supplies the skin over the midline of the posterior thigh
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31. Which artery provides arterial blood supply to the neck of the femur?
    A. posterior humeral circumflex
    B. medial femoral circumflex
    C. posterior scapular circumflex
    D. lateral humeral circumflex
    e. none of the above
    B. medial femoral circumflex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 32. Which of the following muscles listed below are not innervated by the obturator nerve?
    A. Pectineus
    B. A and D
    C. Adductor longus
    D. Adductor brevis
    E. Gracilis
    A. Pectineus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. 33. The soleus muscle?
    A. A, B and C
    B. A and C
    C. doesn't cross the knee joint
    D. is innervated by the tibial nerve
    E. is innervated mostly by fibers from the S1 nerve root
    A. A, B and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. 34. The superficial peroneal nerve, also known as the __________ nerve, is a distal branch of the __________ nerve, and arises from the spinal nerve roots of the __________ level?
    A. superficial fibular, common fibular, L5
    B. superficial plantar, common peroneal, L4
    C. deep fibular, common peroneal, L4
    D. sural, medial plantar, L5
    e. none of the above are correct
    A. superficial fibular, common fibular, L5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. 35. Which tendon of a muscle listed below forms a portion of the oblique popliteal ligament?
    A. Semimembranosus
    B. Semintendinosus
    C. Short head of biceps femoris
    D. Popliteus
    E. Pectineus
    A. Semimembranosus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 36. The action of the obturator externus is?
    A. Medial rotation of the thigh
    B. Abduction of the thigh
    C. Adduction of the thigh
    D. Lateral rotation of the thigh
    e. None of the above
    D. Lateral rotation of the thigh
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 37. Which of the following arteries does not arise form the popliteal artery?
    A. Superior medial genicular artery
    B. Middle genicular artery
    C. Saphenous artery
    D. Superior lateral genicular artery
    C. Saphenous artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. 38. Which of the muscles listed below are supplied by the femoral nerve?
    A. Rectus femoris
    B. A and B
    C. Short head of biceps femoris
    D. Long head of biceps femoris
    e. None of the above
    A. Rectus femoris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. 39. The tensor fascia lata muscle inserts into which structure?
    A. superior facet of greater trochanter of the femur
    B. iliotibial tract
    C. inferior facet of greater trochanter of the femur
    D. middle facet of greater trochanter of the femur
    e. none of the above
    B. iliotibial tract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. 40. Which sensory nerve subserves the skin on the majority of the dorsum of the foot?
    A. Tibial
    B. Deep fibular
    C. Sural
    D. Superficial fibular
    E. Saphenous
    D. Superficial fibular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. 41. The Sural nerve receives most of its fibers from which nerve root level?
    A. S2
    B. L4
    C. S1
    D. L5
    e. None of the above
    C. S1
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. 42. The articularis genu muscle?
    A. inserts into the synovial joint capsule of the knee
    B. is innervated by the femoral nerve
    C. A, B and C
    D. originates from the linea aspera of femoral shaft
    E. A and B only
    E. A and B only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. 43. Cutaneous sensation of the skin between the great and second toes is subserved by which nerve?
    A. Saphenous
    B. Lateral sural cutaneous
    C. Sural
    D. Superficial fibular
    E. Deep fibular
    E. Deep fibular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. 44. The extensor hallucis longus muscle is innervated by the __________ nerve, and receives its fibers from the__________ spinal nerve root levels?
    A. superficial peroneal, L5-S1
    B. superficial fibular, L5-S1
    C. deep fibular, L4-5
    D. deep peroneal, L5-S1
    e. none of the above
    D. deep peroneal, L5-S1
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. 45. A patient with hip and thigh pain presents for a consultation. You note pain and paresis upon resisted external (or lateral) rotation of the hip joint. Which muscle listed below would not be implicated as the primary pain generator?
    A. Inferior gemellus
    B. Superior gemellus
    C. Pectineus
    D. Piriformis
    E. Quadratus femoris
    C. Pectineus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. 46. The superficial fibular nerve?
    A. is a "mixed" nerve
    B. innervates the fibularis longus muscle
    C. A and C
    D. A, B and C
    E. innervates the lateral aspect of the foot
    C. A and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. 47. What is the most likely nerve lesion that is iatrogenically induced as a result of a surgical repair of an inguinal hernia?
    A. Iliohypogastric
    B. Femoral
    C. Genitofemoral
    D. Lateral femoral cutaneous
    E. Ilioinguinal
    E. Ilioinguinal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. 48. The tendon of which muscle listed below is often used for repair of other tendons in the body?
    A. Soleus
    B. Popliteus
    C. Gastrocnemius
    D. Pectineus
    E. Plantaris
    E. Plantaris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. 49. The femoral nerve, along with the __________ vein and __________ artery traverses, the __________ canal, in the region of the mid to lower medial thigh?

    A. A and C
    B. A and B
    C. Femoral, femoral, Hunter's
    D. Femoral, femoral, subsartorial
    E. Saphenous, femoral, subsartorial
    A. A and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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