A device that is used to provide support to a patient who is suspected of having a hip, pelvic, spinal, or lower extremity injury. Also called a spine board, trauma board, and longboard.
A branch of medicine concerned with the management (prevention or control) of obesity and allied diseases.
A rigid stretcher commonly used in technical and water rescues that surrounds and supports the patient yet allows water to drain through holes in the bottom. Also called a Stokes litter.
A carrying technique in which one EMT is located at the head end of the stretcher or backboard, one at the foot end, and one at each side of the patient; each of the two EMTs at the sides uses one hand to support the stretcher/backboard so that all are able to face forward as they walk. (4 EMT's)
direct ground lift
A lifting technique that is used for patients who are found lying supine on the ground with no suspected spinal injury.
A move in which the patient is dragged or pulled from a dangerous scene before assessment and care are provided.
A lifting technique that is used for patients who are supine or in a sitting position with no suspected extremity or spinal injuries.
A stretcher that is a rigid carrying device when secured around a patient but can be folded or rolled when not in use.
A stretcher with a strong rectangular tubular metal frame and rigid fabric stretched across it.
A technique in which the litter or backboard is gripped by inserting each hand under the handle with the palm facing up and the thumb extended, fully supporting the underside of the handle on the curved palm with the fingers and thumb.
A lifting technique in which the EMT's back is held upright, with legs bent, and the patient is lifted when the EMT straightens the legs to raise the upper body and arms.
rapid extrication technique
A technique to move a patient from a sitting position inside a vehicle to supine on a backboard in less than 1 minute when conditions do not allow for standard immobilization.
A stretcher that is designed to be split into two or four sections that can be fitted around a patient who is lying on the ground or other relatively flat surface; also called an orthopedic stretcher.
A lightweight folding device that is used to carry a conscious, seated patient up or down stairs.
wheeled ambulance stretcher
A specially designed stretcher that can be rolled along the ground. A collapsible undercarriage allows it to be loaded into the ambulance. Also called the stretcher or an ambulance stretcher.