art test.txt

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pamlangley02
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142736
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art test.txt
Updated:
2012-03-20 13:55:53
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chpt 14
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chpt 1-14
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  1. How does art affect us?
  2. a group active in the invention & application of new techniques-being innovative:
    avant-garde
  3. the spirit of times or spirit of age;
    Zeitgeist
  4. movement in late 19th century Europen; concerned w/ communication of inner emotional states through form & colors that may not copy nature directly:
    symbolism
  5. movement in literature & visual arts that started in mid 20s & remained strong until mid 40's; based upon revealing the unconcious mind in dream images:
    surrealism
  6. early 20th century movement which perspective w/a single viewpoint was abandoned & use was made of simple geometric shapes, interlocking planes & later collage:
    cubism
  7. are form where the originating idea & process which its presented take precedence over a tangible product:
    conceptual art
  8. art of beautiful writing; broadly, a flowing use of line often varying from thick to thin:
    calligraphy
  9. broad term that describes emotional art, most often boldly executed & making free use of distortion & symbolic or invented color:
    expressionism
  10. 17th century period in Europe characterized in the visual arts by dramatic light & shade, turbulent composition & pronounced emotional expression:
    baroque
  11. art that's based on natural appearances but departs significantly from them; forms are modified or changed to varying degrees in order to emphasize certain qualities:
    abstract art
  12. french for fool the eye; 2 dimensional representation that's so naturalistic it looks actual or real (3 dimensional):
    trompe l' oeil
  13. inpentrable by light; not transparent or translucent:
    opaque
  14. w/o symmetry:
    asymmetrical
  15. the desirable middle between 2 extremes; the happy medium:
    golden mean
  16. the visual expression of an idea or experience, formed w/skill, through the use of a medium:
    what is art
  17. purposes & functions of art:
    • art for communicating information
    • art for day-to-day living
    • art for worship & ritual
    • art for personal expression
    • art for social causes
    • art for visual delight
  18. century of Rembrandt's self portrait:
    17th century
  19. artists that produce art for social causes:
    • Wei-Wei
    • Francisco Goya
    • Felix Gonzales-Torres
  20. lift us above the stream of life:
    art for visual delight
  21. imagination is more important than knowledge:
    creativity; Albert Einstein
  22. people with little or no formal art education who make art are described as:
    outsider artist
  23. outsider artist:
    • James Hampton-throne of the 3rd heaven of the nations millenium general assembly
    • Simon Rodia- watts towers
  24. art by outsider artists is personal expression created apart from any conventional practice or style:
    folk artist
  25. the expression or application of creative skill & imagination, especially through a visual medium such as painting or sculpture:
    art
  26. circles, triangles, squares - tend to be precise & regular:
    geometric shapes
  27. irregular, often curving or rounded, and seem relaxed & more informal:
    organic shapes
  28. dominant shapes:
    figures or positive shapes
  29. background areas:
    ground or negative shapes
  30. Sky and Water, 1938 (fish & birds):
    MC Escher
  31. the indefinable, general receptacle of all things, seemingly empty spaces around us:
    space
  32. non-spatial continuum, the fourth dimension, in which events occur in succession:
    time
  33. shading from light to dark to create the illusion of roundness:
    chiaroscuro
  34. primary colors:
    yellow, blue, red
  35. secondary colors:
    orange, green, purple
  36. color schemes are based on variation in the value & intensity of a single hue:
    monochromatic
  37. color schemes are based on colors adjacent to one another on the color wheel:
    analogous
  38. depicts the appearance of things; objects we recognize from the everyday world:
    representational
  39. means to extract the essence of an object or idea; to take from:
    abstract
  40. presents visual forms w/no specific references to anything outside themselves:
    nonrepresentational
  41. symbolic meaning of signs, subjects & images:
    iconography
  42. near or exact matching of left & right sides of a 3 dimensional form or 2 dimensional composition:
    symmetrical balance
  43. left and right sides aren't the same:
    asymmetrical balance
  44. layout of a painting:
    composition
  45. 3 ingredients of painting:
    pigment, binder & vehicle
  46. year 1st photograph was taken:
    1826
  47. significance of Le Boulevard du Temple 1839:
    1st person ever to appear in a photo
  48. photography & social change:
    photographers began to bring public attention to suffering caused by war, poverty, hunger and neglect
  49. proved that all 4 hooves left the ground; cinematography was born:
    The Horse in Motion, Eadweard Muybridge 1878
  50. an identifying mark or trademark based on letterforms combined with pictorial elements:
    logo
  51. a variety of media in a single work; may be 2 , 3 dimensional or mixture of the 2:
    mixed media
  52. storytelling; reason for quilt-making:
    Tar Beach, Faith Ringgold 1988
  53. purpose; reason for quilt-making:
    Bars and String-Piece Columns, Jessie Pettway 1950
  54. painter, quilter, children's book author - taken the reality of racial discrimination & made from it uplifting stories about finding sustenance & overcoming adversity:
    Faith Ringgold
  55. creates furniture & architecture with curves:
    Zaha Hadid
  56. Fallingwater, 1936; most influential 20th century American architect:
    Frank Lloyd Wright
  57. considered bad; artist lacks skill in many areas such as shading, anatomy, composistion & brushwork:
    Shy Glance, Dawn Marie Jingagian, 1976
  58. painted by well-trained artist; shows great assuredness in use of paint, light; considered a classic:
    Self-Portrait in a Straw Hat, Elizabeth Louise Vigee-LeBrun, 1782
  59. Info on Van Gogh:
    • 19th century
    • post-impressionist painter
    • his technique, subject matter, sense of movement and vibration made him univeral
  60. Info on Picasso:
    • 20th century
    • invention of cubism

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