Socio Ch 11

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Author:
m_lievano
ID:
142746
Filename:
Socio Ch 11
Updated:
2012-03-20 15:07:26
Tags:
Chapter 11
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Description:
sexualoty n gender
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  1. Sex
    Biologikl distinction btwn Male n Female
  2. Gender
    Cultural distinction btwn Masculinity n Femine
  3. Gender Characteristics
    • Social creation - man made
    • how to think n act "properly" - gender ideology
    • cultural norms learn informal by agents of socialization
    • consequential
    • vary across cultures n time
  4. Gender Ideas: Essentialism
    Idea: masculinity n femine based on biolofikl differences btwn M&F
  5. Differences in predisposition = think/act
    • Female = sentimental/emotional
    • Male = competitive/ instrumental
  6. Gender Ideas: Social Constructionism
    • Idea: the idea of gender biologiklly is insignificant
    • The biology distinction btwn M&F is insignifiknt
    • Gender roles vary accross culture - not universal
    • Conservative ideas M&F by patriarchy social systems
    • Are taught n reinforce via various agents of socialization
  7. Social Constructionism - Social Agents = Mass Media
    Cumulative Effects: role models, theme, issues
  8. Children reading material - fairytale books
    • His/her magazines - (M=Times)(F=Cosmo)
    • His/her TV
    • Music video lyrics - reggeton denegrate woman
    • Commercials, ads - how to be a perfect wife
    • News - dpdnd the time when to pass it.
    • Sports - female sports often neglected
  9. Social Constructionism - Social Agents = School
    • Gender segregation - club only for M or F
    • Using gender as a motivation - (M=u can do anything)(F=too hard 4 u)
    • Teacher's attention
    • Policies, foundings, programs - politicians
  10. Social Construsctionism - Social Agents = Peers
    Preasure to conform
  11. Gender Notions (differential treatment begins at birth n continue throught lives)
    • Care givers: (parents, relatives, baby sitters, daycare)
    • color code - pink/blue
    • treatment n feedback
    • cloth - sassy/strong
    • names
    • toys = [ girls - soft,warm = be pretty / indoor]
    • = [ boys - hard,cold = indpndnt,competition/ outdoor]
  12. Gender Notions (differential treatment begins at birth n continue throught lives)
    • Dermal illusion:
    • ur worth based on how u look - 5'9/111lb/39-18-33

    • Incentive Clothing:
    • buy small size than she is to make her self fit on that cloth
  13. Gender Consequences
    • M&F - locally n globally
    • social, psychologikl, physikl
    • human rights, freedoms, power - right to vote, politicians
    • bussiness, politics, academic - not equal to woman
    • both for individuals n for society as a whole
    • denies the realization of potential M&F - F often
  14. Physical n Mental Health concern
    • Tyranny of "scales" - thinners (F=95lb)/ adonnis (M=body)
    • Self-resentment, fear, anxiety - F=56%/ M=46%
    • Eating disorders - pro anorexia
    • Diet pills - steroids abuse
    • Cosmetic n surgikl industry
    • Discrimination - weight policies in bussiness
    • Pre-occupation in looks prevents focus in other imxtant areas.
  15. Social concern
    • Uniqual rights, freedom, opp., power
    • Different access to eduktion, ocupational, economic, health opp.
    • Sex-typed occupation - plomers(F very low)
    • Career progress impeded by child-care issues
    • Fewer women have authority of senior management possitions - "glass ceiling" (see but cant have it)
  16. Gender identity
    Prson idntifiktion with sense of belonging to a particular sex-(biologiklly/psychologiklly/socially)
  17. Gender role
    Set of behaviour (expectations) of how M&F should act
  18. Infanticide
    Muder of a female child - China

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