MicroFinal.txt

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MicroFinal.txt
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MicroFinal
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  1. 1. Which of the following statement is true about VIRULENCE?
    A. the degree or intensity of pathogenicity.
    B. pathogens that only infect people with a repressed immune system
    C. pathogens that are spread through the soil.
    D. a pathogen that has lost its ability to produce a disease
    A. the degree or intensity of pathogenicity. *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2. Which of the following statement is correct regarding NOSOCOMIAL infection?
    A. an infection that one catches from an animal
    B. an infection that one gets from drinking contaminated water.
    C. an infection that one gets from an insect bite; i.e., Lyme disease from the tick.
    D. an infection that a hospital patient picks up at the hospital from the personnel or materials used in the hospital.
    D. an infection that a hospital patient picks up at the hospital from the personnel or materials used in the hospital. *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3. The normal flora of a human is NOT known to do which of the following?
    A. protects us against many pathogens.
    B. produces anti-carcinogenic chemicals.
    C. produce diseases under certain conditions
    d. all of the above (A, B, & C)
    B. produces anti-carcinogenic chemicals. *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4. Which of the following does NOT describe one of Koch's Postulates?
    A. isolate the suspected agent from a disease victim
    B. characterizes the Gram staining characteristic of the isolated agent.
    C. grow the agent in pure culture.
    D. isolate the same agent from a new victim
    B. characterizes the Gram staining characteristic of the isolated agent. *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. Which of the following microorganism needs host cell for reproduction?
    A. Bacteria
    B. Fungi
    C. Protozoa
    D. Virus
    D. Virus *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6. Which of the following structure of a virus originated from host cell membrane?
    A. Genome
    B. Envelope
    C. Capsomere
    D. Capsid
    B. Envelope *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7. Which of the following disease is caused by prion?
    A. AIDS
    B. Kuru
    C. Hepatitis
    D. Measles
    B. Kuru *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. Which of the following diseases is spread by a vector?
    A. Tuberculosis
    B. Malaria
    C. Cholera
    D. Influenza
    B. Malaria *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9. Which of the following characteristics is absent in eukaryotes?
    A. Distinct Nucleus
    B. Multiple Chromosomes
    C. Membrane bound organelles
    D. Plasmids
    D. Plasmids *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10. Which of the following features is not present in a virus?
    A. Genome
    B. Capsid
    C. Capsomere
    D. Ribosomes
    D. Ribosomes *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11. Which of the following scientists was responsible for developing a vaccine against rabies?
    A. Waksman
    B. Koch
    C. Jenner
    D. Pasteur
    D. Pasteur *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12. Which of the following scientists is famous for developing streptomycin?
    A. Koch
    B. Waksman
    C. Semmelweis
    D. Anton van Leeuenhoek
    B. Waksman *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13. Who was the first person to discover and record the presence of "little animals" in pond water?
    A. Joseph Lister
    B. Paul Ehrlich
    C. Robert Kooke
    D. Anton van Leeuenhoek
    D. Anton van Leeuenhoek *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14. Which of the following is characteristic of bacteria?
    A. they multiple by binary fission
    B. They all are motile
    C. they contain 80S ribosomes
    D. they have complex linear DNA chromosomes
    A. they multiple by binary fission *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15. Which of the following is the purpose of pili on bacteria?
    A. Adherence to host cells
    B. Nutritional
    C. Motility
    D. Production of toxins
    A. Adherence to host cells *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16. Which of the following is NOT used to classify bacteria?
    A. size
    B. staining characterisitics
    C. shape
    D. metabolic requirement
    A. size *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17. Which of the following temperature ranges best suites psychrophilic bacteria?
    A. 20-25 degrees
    B. 0-20 degrees
    C. 60-90 degrees
    D. 45-60 degrees
    B. 0-20 degrees *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18. Which of the following is known as the mordant in the Gram stain?
    A. Crystal violet
    B. Safranin
    C. Iodine
    D. Alcohol
    C. Iodine *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19. Which of the following would be the color of a Gram negative stain?
    A. Golden
    B. Red
    C. Blue
    D. Green
    B. Red *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20. Which of the following is NOT likely to be identified with the Gram stain?
    A. Bacteriodes
    B. Helicobacteria
    C. Corynebacteria
    D. Chlamydia
    D. Chlamydia *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21. All of the following bacteria are Gram negative except?
    A. Borrelia
    B. Listeria
    C. Bacteriodes
    D. Corynebacteria
    D. Corynebacteria *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. 22. Which of the following are obligate intracellular parasites?
    A. Clostridia
    B. Leptospira
    C. Rickettsiae
    D. Legionella
    C. Rickettsiae*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23. Which of the following is a curved Gram negative bacterium?
    A. Treponema pallidum
    B. Legionella pneumophilia
    C. Bacillus cereus
    D. Vibrio cholera
    D. Vibrio cholera*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24. Which of the following is a microbe with a flexible cell wall that allows the bacterium to take the shape of a spiral?
    A. Bacteriodes
    B. Bordetella
    C. Bacillus
    D. Borrelia
    D. Borrelia*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25. Which of the following is the reason why Chlamydia does not stain easily with the Gram stain?
    A. it is an obligate intracellular parasite
    B. it does not have a conventional cell wall
    C. it has a very thick waxy cell wall
    D. it has only 70S ribosomes
    B. it does not have a conventional cell wall*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26. Rickettsiae are considered to be pleomorphic microbes because of which of the following reasons?
    A. it likes both oxygen and carbon dioxide
    B. it can only live within living tissue
    C. it has a thick waxy cell wall
    D. it may exist in cocci or bacilli shape
    D. it may exist in cocci or bacilli shape*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27. Which of the following organisms is responsible for genital warts?
    A. Adeno Virus
    B. Human Papilloma Virus
    C. Herpes Virus
    D. Parvovirus
    B. Human Papilloma Virus *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28. Which of the following scientists is credited with the discovery of "MAGIC BULLET"?
    A. Erlich
    B. Lister
    C. Petri
    D. Fleming
    A. Erlich*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29. Which of the following scientists is famous for encouraging hand washing to prevent child birth fever?
    A. Spallanzani
    B. Erlich
    C. Waksman
    D. Semmelweis
    D. Semmelweis*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30. Which of the following Terms and definitions is NOT true?
    A. Toxin-Poisonous substance produced by dead or live bacteria.
    B. Commensal-Organism that is a part of the normal flora of the body.
    C. Nosology----Hospital acquired infection.
    D. Idiopathic---Unknown cause.
    C. Nosology----Hospital acquired infection.*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31. Which of the following DNA virus is NOT double stranded?
    A. Adenovirus
    B. Parvovirus
    C. Herpes Virus
    D. Hepatitis B virus
    B. Parvovirus*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 32. Which of the following organisms is responsible for infant botulism?
    A. Clostridium botulinum
    B. Bacillus cereus
    C. Clostridium tetani
    D. Bacillus anthracis
    A. Clostridium botulinum*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. 33. Which of the following organism causes "Malignant pustules"?
    A. Clostridium perfringens
    B. Corynebacterium diphtheria
    C. Bacillus anthracis
    D. Bacillus cereus
    C. Bacillus anthracis*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. 34. Which of the following is a RNA virus?
    A. Adenovirus
    B. Hepatitis B
    C. Herpes Virus
    D. HIV
    D. HIV*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. 35. Which of the following organism causes food poisoning following eating of reheated fried rice?
    A. Bacillus antrhacis
    B. Bacillus cereus
    C. Staphylococci
    D. Srreptococcus
    B. Bacillus cereus*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 36. Which of the following organisms is responsible for Diphtheriae?
    A. Corynebacterium diphtheria
    B. Listeria monocytogens
    C. Staphylococcus aureus
    D. Streptococcus pyogens
    A. Corynebacterium diphtheria *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 37. Which of the following organisms is spore bearing?
    A. Staphylococcus aureus
    B. Streptococcus viridans
    C. Clostridium tetani
    D. Listeria monocytogens
    C. Clostridium tetani*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. 38. Which of the following organisms causes pharyngitis?
    A. Bacillus cereus
    B. Clostridium difficile
    C. Streptococcus pyogens
    D. Listeria monocytogens
    C. Streptococcus pyogens*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. 39. Which of the following organisms is the commonest cause of UTI?
    A. Staphylococcus aureus
    B. Staphylococcus saphrophyticus
    C. Streptococcus pyogens
    D. E. coli
    D. E. coli*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. 40. Which of the following gram negative rods causes whooping cough?
    A. Pasteurella multocida
    B. Haemophilus influenzae
    C. Legionella pneumophila
    D. Bordetella pertussis
    D. Bordetella pertussis*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. 41. Which of the following diseases is transmitted by contaminated dairy products?
    A. Brucellosis
    B. Plauge
    C. Cellulitis
    D. Tularemia
    A. Brucellosis*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. 42. Which of the following organisms is responsible for wound infections associated with cat and dog bites?
    A. Yersinia pestis
    B. Bordetella pertussis
    C. Haemophilus influenzae
    D. Pasteurella multocida
    D. Pasteurella multocida*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. 43. Which of the following organisms causes plague?
    A. Brucella species
    B. Francisella Tularensis
    C. Yersinia pestis
    D. Bacteriods
    C. Yersinia pestis*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. 44. Which of the following gram negative rods has capacity to producing greenish pus pus in infections?
    A. Helicobcter pylori
    B. Vibrio cholerae
    C. Campylobacter jejuni
    D. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    D. Pseudomonas aeruginosa*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. 45. Which of the following bacteria causes "traveler's diarrhea"?
    A. Klebsiella pneumonia
    B. E. coli
    C. Helicobacter pylorus
    D. Salmonella
    B. E. coli*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. 46. Which of the following organisms is responsible for gastric carcinoma?
    A. Salmonella typhi
    B. Campylobacter jejuni
    C. Bordetella pertussis
    D. Helicobacter pylori
    D. Helicobacter pylori*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. 47. Which of the following bacteria causes lobar pneumonia associated with diabetes and alcoholism?
    A. Bacteroids
    B. Pseudomonas aeuroginosa
    C. Klebsiella pneumonia
    D. Hemophilus influenzae
    C. Klebsiella pneumonia*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. 48. Which of the following organisms is the commonest type of atypical pneumonia?
    A. Mycoplasma pneumonia
    B. Legionella pneumophila
    C. Chlamydia pneumonia
    d. None of the Above
    A. Mycoplasma pneumonia*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. 49. Which of the following organisms is "comma-shaped"?
    A. Legionella pneumophilla
    B. Haemophilus influenza
    C. Vibrio cholerae
    D. Bordetella pertussis
    C. Vibrio cholerae*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. 50. Which of the following bacteria are STRICTLY gram negative anaerobes?
    A. Bacteroids
    B. Pasteurella multocida
    C. Mycobacterium leprae
    D. Yersinia pestis
    A. Bacteroids*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. 51. Which of the bacteria causes Lyme disease?
    A. Boreillia burgdorferi
    B. Brucella abortus
    C. Leptospira interrogans
    D. Trepomena pallidum
    A. Boreillia burgdorferi*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. 52. Which of the following bacteria produces inclusions body -used in laboratory identifications of these organisms?
    A. Chlamydia species
    B. Rickettsia rickettssi
    C. Mycoplasma pneumoniae
    d. None of the above
    A. Chlamydia species*
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. 53. Which of the following is characteristic of medically important parasites?
    A. They do not need a host in order to complete all or part of their cycle
    B. The sporozoan group is comprised of motile protozoa with both cilia and flagella
    C. There are three main groups - protozoa, sporozoa and metazoan
    D. They are eukaryotic
    D. They are eukaryotic *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. 54. Which of the following is caused by Leishmania donovani?
    A. Mucocutaneous ulcerations
    B. Chronic encephalitis
    C. Liver abscesses
    D. Massive hepatosplenomegaly
    D. Massive hepatosplenomegaly *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. 55. Which of the following is caused by a sexually transmitted flagellated protozoan?
    A. Green frothy malodorous discharge
    B. Pelvic inflammatory disease
    C. Recurrent urinary tract infection
    D. Dysentery
    A. Green frothy malodorous discharge *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. 56. Which of the following is spread by contact with infected cat feces?
    A. Toxoplasma gondii
    B. Plasmodium vivax
    C. Leishmania brasilensis
    D. Cryptosporidium parvum
    A. Toxoplasma gondii *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. 57. Which of the following is spread by contact with infected farm animals?
    A. Cryptosporidium parvum
    B. Plasmodium ovale
    C. Giardia lamblia
    D. Entameba histolytica
    A. Cryptosporidium parvum *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. 58. Which of the following is the only human pathogenic ciliated protozoan?
    A. Toxoplasma gondii
    B. Entameba histolytica
    C. Trichomonas vaginalis
    D. Balantidium coli
    D. Balantidium coli *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. 59. Which of the following is the primary host for Toxoplasma gondii?
    A. Humans
    B. Pigeons
    C. Cats
    D. Rats
    C. Cats *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. 60. Which of the following is the vector for Plasmodium malariae?
    A. Male aedes mosquitoes
    B. Reduviid "kissing" bug
    C. Female anopheles mosquitos
    D. Ixodes ticks
    C. Female anopheles mosquitos *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. 61. Which of the following causes sleeping sickness?
    A. Balantidium coli
    B. Trypanosoma gambiense
    C. Trypanosoma cruzi
    D. Leishmania donovani
    B. Trypanosoma gambiense *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. 62. Which of the following causes chills, fever and convulsions with kidney failure?
    A. Plasmodium vivax
    B. Plasmodium falciparum
    C. Plasmodium malariae
    D. Plasmodium ovale
    B. Plasmodium falciparum *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. 63. Which of the following causes death from heart failure?
    A. Toxoplasma rhodesiense
    B. Giardia lamblia
    C. Leishmania donovani
    D. Trypanosoma cruzi
    D. Trypanosoma cruzi *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. 64. Which of the following is responsible for diarrhea among hikers?
    A. Trypanosoma cruzi
    B. Giardia lamblia
    C. Toxoplasma gondii
    D. Leishmania donovani
    B. Giardia lamblia *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. 65. Which of the following harbors the organism responsible for blindness, mental retardation and microcephaly in newborns?
    A. Cats
    B. Tsetse fly
    C. Pigeons
    D. Sheep
    A. Cats *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. 66. Which of the following statements is not true about Trichomoniasis?
    A. It is a sexually transmitted disease
    B. The causative organism Trichomonas vaginalis is non motile
    C. Wet mount testtrophozoite is found under microscope
    D. Greenish vaginal discharge severe itching
    B. The causative organism Trichomonas vaginalis is non motile *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. 67. Which of the following protozoa do not have locomotive structures?
    A. Giardia lamblia
    B. Trypanosoma gambiense
    C. Trichomonas vaginalis
    D. Plasmodium vivax
    D. Plasmodium vivax *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. 68. Which of the following protozoa is the causative agent of kala-azar (black sickness)?
    A. Guardia lamblia
    B. Leishmania donovani
    C. Plasmodium falciparum
    D. Toxoplasma gondi
    B. Leishmania donovani *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. 69. Which of the following disease transmitted by ingestion of cysts in raw meat, contact with soil contaminated by cat feces?
    A. Chagas disease
    B. Malaria
    C. Toxoplasmosis
    D. Sleeping sickness
    C. Toxoplasmosis *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. 70. Which of the following vectors is responsible for "Chagas disease"?
    A. Sand fly
    B. Reduviid bug
    C. Tsetse fly
    D. Anopheles mosquito
    B. Reduviid bug *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. 71. Which of the following protozoa causes dysentery and liver abscess?
    A. Balantidium coli
    B. Entamoeba histolytica
    C. Giardia lamblia
    D. Trichomonas vaginalis
    B. Entamoeba histolytica *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. 72. Which of the following protozoa responsible for chronic diarrhea in AIDS patients?
    A. Giardia lamblia
    B. Trichomonas vaginalis
    C. Balantidium coli
    D. Cryptosporidium parvum
    D. Cryptosporidium parvum *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. 73. Which of the following plasmodium species causes cerebral malaria?
    A. Plasmodium malariae
    B. Plasmodium ovale
    C. Plasmodium falciparum
    D. Plasmodium vivax
    C. Plasmodium falciparum *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. 74. Which of the following statements concerning Trypanosoma cruzi (CHAGAS DISEASE) is not correct?
    A. T cruzi occurs primarily in Sub-Saharan Africa
    B. T cruzi typically affects heart muscle, leading to cardiac failure
    C. T cruzi is transmitted by Reduviid bug (kissing bug)
    D. T cruzi can be diagnosed by seeing trypmastigotes in a blood smear
    A. T cruzi occurs primarily in Sub-Saharan Africa *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. 75. Which of the following diseases causes anemia due to destruction of RBC?
    A. Malaria
    B. Toxoplasmosis
    C. Leishmaniasis
    D. Trypanosomiasis
    A. Malaria *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. 76. Which of the following disease is the most common lethal "infectious disease" worldwide?
    A. Giardiasis
    B. Toxoplasmosis
    C. Malaria
    D. Kala-azar
    C. Malaria *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. 77. Plasmodium is transmitted from mosquito to human which of the following form?
    A. Merozoite
    B. Sporozoite
    C. Amistigote
    D. Promastigote
    B. Sporozoite *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. 78. Which of the following statements is not correct regarding Giardia lamblia?
    A. It causes giardiasis
    B. It is transmitted by fecal-oral route
    C. It has only one stage- trophozoite form of life cycle
    D. It has flagella
    C. It has only one stage- trophozoite form of life cycle *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. 79. Which of the following tape worm is the largest, frequently reaching 10m in length?
    A. Pork tapeworm
    B. Fish tapeworm
    C. Beef tapeworm
    d. None of the above
    B. Fish tapeworm *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. 80. Which of the following intestinal parasitic flatworms causes vitamin B12 deficiency?
    A. Diphyllobothrium latum
    B. Taenia saginata
    C. Taenia solium
    D. S. mansoni
    A. Diphyllobothrium latum *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. 81. Which of the following parasites causes hydatid cyst in liver?
    A. C. sinensis
    B. Diphyllobothrium latum
    C. Echinococcus granulosus
    D. S. haematobium
    C. Echinococcus granulosus *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. 82. Which of the following parasite remain prolong period in billiary tract?
    A. Paragonimus westermani
    B. Clonorchis sinensis
    C. Taenia solium
    d. None of the above
    B. Clonorchis sinensis *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. 83. Which of the following parasitic infection predisposes bladder carcinoma?
    A. S. mansoni
    B. S. haematobium
    C. S. japonicam
    d. None of the above
    B. S. haematobium *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. 84. Which of the following cestode acquired by eating undercooked beef?
    A. Echinococcus granulosus
    B. Diphyllobothrium latum
    C. Taenia saginata
    D. Taenia solium
    C. Taenia saginata *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. 85. Which of the following parasitic infection occurs through skin penetration?
    A. Clonorchiasis
    B. Schistosomiasis
    C. Paragonimiasis
    d. None of the above
    B. Schistosomiasis *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. 86. Which of the following trematodes results in an infection that is second only to malaria in causing morbidity and mortality in the tropics?
    A. Paragonimus
    B. Schistosoma
    C. Clonorchis
    d. None of the above
    B. Schistosoma *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. 87. Which of the following parasitic infections occurs by eating uncooked freshwater crabs?
    A. Taenia saginata
    B. Paragonimus westermani
    C. Taenia solium
    d. None of the above
    B. Paragonimus westermani *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. 88. Which of the following parasite use fresh water snail as an intermediate host?
    A. Cestode
    B. Nematode
    C. Trematode
    d. None of the above
    C. Trematode *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. 89. Which of the following statements is true regarding cestode?
    a. the cestodes (tapeworms) are ribbon-like, segmented worms
    b. they are primarily intestinal parasites.
    c. They are totally lack of a digestive system
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  90. 90. Which of the following is true about nematodes?
    a. trematodes that cause human disease are not endemic in the United States
    b. all parasitic trematodes use fresh water snails as an intermediate host.
    c. immigrants from tropical areas, especially Southeast Asia are frequently infected.
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  91. 91. Which of the following parasite causes cysticerci in brain and eyes?
    A. Taenia solium
    B. Diphyllobothrium latum
    C. Taenia saginata
    d. None of the above
    A. Taenia solium *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. 92. Which of the following nematode transmitted from person to person?
    A. Enterovirus vermicularis
    B. Ascaris lumbricoides
    C. Trichuris trichura
    d. None of the above
    A. Enterovirus vermicularis *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. 93. Which of the following parasite transmitted in larva stage from contaminated soil through skin penetration?
    a. Necator Americanus
    b. Ancylostoma duodenale
    c. Strongyloides stercoralis
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  94. 94. Which of the following parasite causes "river blindness"?
    A. Wuchereria bancrofti
    B. Toxocara canis
    C. Trichinella spiralis
    D. Onchocerca volvulus
    D. Onchocerca volvulus *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. 95. Which of the following nematode primarily presents in lymphatic tissue?
    A. Wuchereria bancrofti
    B. Enterovius vermicularis
    C. Onchocerca volvulus
    d. None of the above
    A. Wuchereria bancrofti *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. 96. Which of the following parasite causes visceral larva migrans?
    A. Trichuris trichiura
    B. Ascaris lumbricoides
    C. Toxocara canis
    d. None of the above
    C. Toxocara canis *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. 97. Which of the following parasite is not intestinal nematode?
    A. Ascaris lumbricoides
    B. Wuchereria bancrofti
    C. Enterovius vermicularis
    D. Trichuris trichius
    B. Wuchereria bancrofti *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. 98. Which of the following parasite transmitted by blackfly bite?
    A. Onchocerca volvulus
    B. Enterovius vermicularis
    C. Ascaris lumbricoides
    D. Wuchereria bancrofti
    A. Onchocerca volvulus *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. 99. Which of the following procedure kills all the micro organisms including spores?
    A. Sterilization
    B. Boiling
    C. Pasteurization
    d. None of the above
    A. Sterilization *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. 100. Which of the following infection is most common nosocomial infection?
    A. Skin infection
    B. Urinary tract infection
    C. Respiratory tract infection
    d. None of the above
    B. Urinary tract infection *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. 101. Which of the following statements is true regarding sterilization?
    a. Sterilization is usually carried out by autoclaving.
    b. It (autoclaving) consists of exposure to steam at 121C under a pressure of 15lb/sq.inch for 15 minutes.
    c. Surgical instruments that can be damaged by moist heat are usually sterilized by exposure to ethylene oxide gas.
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  102. 102. Which of the following statements is true about pasteurization?
    a. The process is named after the French chemist Louis Pasteur
    b. Milk is pasteurized by heating at a temperature of 63 degrees C (145 degrees F) for 30 minutes
    c. It (pasteurization) will destroy harmful bacteria without materially changing the composition, flavor, or nutritive value of the liquid.
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  103. 103. Which of the following tissue nematodes is diagnosed only using a night time blood smear?
    A. Onchocera volvulus
    B. Wuchereria bancrofti
    C. Enterovius vermicularis
    d. None of the above
    B. Wuchereria bancrofti *
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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