Test 2 III

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Author:
aji
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14278
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Test 2 III
Updated:
2010-04-13 12:32:02
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itsaji nursing PHCC
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  1. Renal Calculi
    Kidney stone
  2. Pyelonephritis
    inflammation of renal pelvis, tubles & tissue of one or both kidney
  3. Inflammation of the bladder wall
    Cystitis
  4. pH of Urine
    4.6 - 8.0
  5. Specific gravity of urine
    1.010 - 1.025
  6. Normal GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) by kidney
    100 -125 ml/min
  7. Structural & functional unit of kidney
    Nephron
  8. Calcium Rich food
    • Cereals
    • Yogurt
    • Cheese
    • Whole Milk
    • Oatmeal
    • Okra
    • Soybeans
  9. Potassium rich food
    • Banana
    • Tomato
    • Potato
    • Yogurt
    • Prune juice
    • soybeans
    • spinach
    • Milk
    • Kidney Beans
    • Orange Juice
    • Pork Chop
  10. Normal Values of
    pH
    Pco2
    Hco2
    • pH - 7.35 -7.45
    • Pco2 - 35 - 45
    • Hco2 - 20 - 26
  11. Normal Calcium level
    • 4.5 - 5.5 mlEq/L
    • < 4.5 Hypocalcemia
    • > 5.5 Hypercalcemia
  12. Normal Potassium level
    3.5 - 5 mEq/L
  13. Normal serum Sodium level
    35 - 45 mEq/L
  14. Adequate sodium intake for
    Age < 49
    50 - 70
    Age > 70
    • 1.5 g
    • 1.3 g
    • 1.2 g
  15. Electrolyte (anions) carry ___ charge
    - Negative Charge
  16. Electrolyte (cations) carry ___ charge
    + Positive Charge
  17. Most accurate method to determine pt hydration status
    Urine specific gravity
  18. Urine output < 30 ml / hour is a sign of
    Dehydration
  19. Hypotonic
    Isotonic - Same Osmolarity as Blood
    Hypertonic
    • < 0.9 %
    • = 0.9 %
    • > 0.9 %
  20. Osomolarity
    Concentration of the substances in body fluid
  21. Filtration : substance moves through a semipermeable membrane which
    keeps larger substance on one side and permits smaller molecules to pass thru
  22. Osmosis : substance moves from
    Lower Concentration -> Higher Concentration
  23. Diffusion : Substance moves from
    Higher Concentration -> Lower concentration
  24. Lowest distribution of body water
    Transcellular
  25. Highest distribution of body water
    Intracellular
  26. Percentage of water as body weight in
    Elderly
    Adult
    Infant
    • 50 %
    • 60 %
    • 70 %
  27. Chemicals that can conduct electricity
    Electrolyte

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