Pharmacology & Anesthesia
Card Set Information
Pharmacology & Anesthesia
Basic Sciences-Pharmacology & Anesthesia
A steroid used topically to diminish inflammation after eye surgery is:
Methylprednisolone acetate (Depo-Medrol)
Dilating drops are called:
An enzyme used before cataract surgery to soften the zonules of the lens is:
A medicine cup holds 2 ounces. How many mililiters does it hold?
What drug may be used to treat an allergy?
Soda lime is used in mask inhalation anesthesia to:
Absorb carbon dioxide
Balanced anesthesia is sometimes referred to as:
Most anesthetic agents are:
During general anesthesia, the patient is:
Occludes the esophagus
An antagonist drug:
Neutralizes action of another drug
Muscular fasciculation refers to:
Involuntary muscle contractions
A nonproprietary name for a drug, usually selected by the orginal developer of the drug, is:
The acronym MAC stands for:
Monitored anesthesia care
Which of the following is not an inhalation anesthetic agent?
The intravenous barbiturate general anesthetic used for induction most frequently is:
Cephalothin sodium (Keflin) is a/an:
Indirect arterial blood pressure is obtained with a:
Which drug counteracts metabolic acidosis?
Hypovolemia is low:
Intubation occurs during which phase of anesthesia?
An emergency drug used in cardiac surgery that increaes myocardial contractility is:
A drug used to reverse hypotension is:
Meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol) is a/an:
A radiopaque contrast medium used in surgery is:
The trade name for epinephrine is:
Cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular origin can be treated with:
Dextran is used parenterally to:
Expand blood plasma volume
A barbiturate that may be used for sleep the night before surgery is:
Steroids are used for reduction of:
Tissue inflammation & swelling
The most widely used local anesthetic is:
A rapid-onset muscle relaxant used for intubation in short cases is:
Succinylcholine chloride (Anectine)
What amount is approximately equal to 500 ml?
Dark blood in the operative field is a sign of possible:
Which procedure would not be done for a patient with suspected malignant hyperthermia?
An emergency drug useful in stabilizing ventricular fibrillation is:
Propranolol hydrochloride (Inderal)
A method of anesthesia in which medication is infected into the subarachnoid space affecting a protion of the spinal cord is called:
What is a major side effect of thrombolytics?
The operative stage of anesthetic is:
Which quantity weighs the most?
Parenteral administration of a drug refers to:
Administration with a needle
The purpose of administering atropine preoperatively is to:
Tetracaine (Pontocaine) is an example of what kind of anesthetic?
One gram equals:
One ml is equal to:
A short-acting narcotic opioid given intramuscularly for premedication is:
Meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol)
What phase of anesthesia is it most important to keep noise at an absolute minimum?
What agent is commonly given preoperatively to inhibit the production of gastric acid?
A drug used to soothe & relieve anxiety is a/an:
An anticoagulant given for its antagonistic effect on heparin is:
Morphine is used for:
Which of the following anesthetics must be augmented with a more potent agent for general abdonimal surgery?
Lidocaine is used intravenously for:
Treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
Gelfoam, oxidized cellulose (Surgicel), & microfibrillar collagen hemostat (Avitene) are examples of:
What agency establishes standards for drugs?
United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
Oxytocic drugs cause:
Drugs that draw fluid from the tissues are classified as:
Naloxone hydrochloride (Narcan) is a/an:
A vasoconstrictor added to a local anesthetic agent to extend the life of a local agent is:
An anticholinergic drug given preoperatively to inhibit mucous secretion is:
What vitamin is essential to the synthesis of prothrombin by the liver & is a valuable hemostatic agent?
The universal recipient blood type is:
The test that determines the ratio of red blood cells to whole blood is the:
Lidocaine 1% is used to treat:
In a caradic arrest, atropine might be administered to:
Treat severe bradycardia
A differential count is the calculation of the:
Number of each type of leukocyte
Which agent is a radiopaque contrast medium used during operative cholangiograms?
A deliberate reduction of body remperature for therapeutic pruposes is known as:
Which of the following substances would be used to stop bleeding from the surface of a cut bone?
Mannitol is used in neurosuregery to:
Reduce swelling of the brain tissue
Under normal circumstances 0.9% NaCl (normal saline soultion) is:
A mitotic drug used to constrict the pupil to reduce intraocular pressure is:
A cycloplegic drug used to dilate the pupil is:
A local anesthetic agent employed for infiltration anesthesia during ophthalmic surgery is:
An enzyme that is mixed with ophthalmic anesthetic solutions for infiltration anesthesia is:
A benzodiazepine sedative given intramuscularly for premedication is:
Which of the following measures volume?
Which drug is given for malignant hypothermia?
Which drug is not an antimuscarinic?
Which of the following medications would be used as a topical anesthetic prior to nasal surgery?
What is the reinfusion of a patient's own blood called?
Which of the following drugs is used for irrigating the eye & keeping the cornea moist?
Balanced salt solution (BSS)
Which of the following drugs is a dye used to evaluate the corneal epithelium?