Pharmacology & Anesthesia

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Author:
melmoon
ID:
142819
Filename:
Pharmacology & Anesthesia
Updated:
2012-03-20 21:11:58
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Pharmacology Anesthesia
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Basic Sciences-Pharmacology & Anesthesia
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  1. A steroid used topically to diminish inflammation after eye surgery is:
    Methylprednisolone acetate (Depo-Medrol)
  2. Dilating drops are called:
    Mydriatics
  3. An enzyme used before cataract surgery to soften the zonules of the lens is:
    Alpha-chymotrypsin
  4. A medicine cup holds 2 ounces. How many mililiters does it hold?
    60 ml
  5. What drug may be used to treat an allergy?
    Antihistamine
  6. Soda lime is used in mask inhalation anesthesia to:
    Absorb carbon dioxide
  7. Balanced anesthesia is sometimes referred to as:
    Neuroleptanesthesia
  8. Most anesthetic agents are:
    Potentially lethal
  9. During general anesthesia, the patient is:
    Unconscious
  10. Cricoid pressure:
    Occludes the esophagus
  11. An antagonist drug:
    Neutralizes action of another drug
  12. Muscular fasciculation refers to:
    Involuntary muscle contractions
  13. A nonproprietary name for a drug, usually selected by the orginal developer of the drug, is:
    Generic
  14. The acronym MAC stands for:
    Monitored anesthesia care
  15. Which of the following is not an inhalation anesthetic agent?
    Fentanyl citrate
  16. The intravenous barbiturate general anesthetic used for induction most frequently is:
    Thiopental sodium
  17. Cephalothin sodium (Keflin) is a/an:
    Antibiotic
  18. Indirect arterial blood pressure is obtained with a:
    Sphygmomanometer
  19. Which drug counteracts metabolic acidosis?
    Sodium bicarbonate
  20. Hypovolemia is low:
    Blood volume
  21. Intubation occurs during which phase of anesthesia?
    Induction
  22. An emergency drug used in cardiac surgery that increaes myocardial contractility is:
    Calcium chloride
  23. A drug used to reverse hypotension is:
    Levarterenol (Levophed)
  24. Meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol) is a/an:
    Analgesic
  25. A radiopaque contrast medium used in surgery is:
    Renografin
  26. The trade name for epinephrine is:
    Adrenalin
  27. Cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular origin can be treated with:
    Lidocaine
  28. Dextran is used parenterally to:
    Expand blood plasma volume
  29. A barbiturate that may be used for sleep the night before surgery is:
    Secobarbital
  30. Steroids are used for reduction of:
    Tissue inflammation & swelling
  31. The most widely used local anesthetic is:
    Lidocaine
  32. A rapid-onset muscle relaxant used for intubation in short cases is:
    Succinylcholine chloride (Anectine)
  33. What amount is approximately equal to 500 ml?
    1 pint
  34. Dark blood in the operative field is a sign of possible:
    Hypoxia
  35. Which procedure would not be done for a patient with suspected malignant hyperthermia?
    Inject succinylcholine
  36. An emergency drug useful in stabilizing ventricular fibrillation is:
    Propranolol hydrochloride (Inderal)
  37. A method of anesthesia in which medication is infected into the subarachnoid space affecting a protion of the spinal cord is called:
    Spinal block
  38. What is a major side effect of thrombolytics?
    Hemorrhage
  39. The operative stage of anesthetic is:
    Third stage
  40. Which quantity weighs the most?
    1 kilogram
  41. Parenteral administration of a drug refers to:
    Administration with a needle
  42. The purpose of administering atropine preoperatively is to:
    Inhibit secretions
  43. Tetracaine (Pontocaine) is an example of what kind of anesthetic?
    Topical
  44. One gram equals:
    15 grains
  45. One ml is equal to:
    1 cc
  46. A short-acting narcotic opioid given intramuscularly for premedication is:
    Meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol)
  47. What phase of anesthesia is it most important to keep noise at an absolute minimum?
    Induction
  48. What agent is commonly given preoperatively to inhibit the production of gastric acid?
    Cimetidine
  49. A drug used to soothe & relieve anxiety is a/an:
    Sedative
  50. An anticoagulant given for its antagonistic effect on heparin is:
    Protamine sulfate
  51. Morphine is used for:
    Pain
  52. Which of the following anesthetics must be augmented with a more potent agent for general abdonimal surgery?
    Nitrous oxide
  53. Lidocaine is used intravenously for:
    Treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
  54. Gelfoam, oxidized cellulose (Surgicel), & microfibrillar collagen hemostat (Avitene) are examples of:
    Hemostatic agents
  55. What agency establishes standards for drugs?
    United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
  56. Oxytocic drugs cause:
    Uterine contractions
  57. Drugs that draw fluid from the tissues are classified as:
    Diuretics
  58. Naloxone hydrochloride (Narcan) is a/an:
    Narcotic antagonist
  59. A vasoconstrictor added to a local anesthetic agent to extend the life of a local agent is:
    Epinephrine
  60. An anticholinergic drug given preoperatively to inhibit mucous secretion is:
    Atropine
  61. What vitamin is essential to the synthesis of prothrombin by the liver & is a valuable hemostatic agent?
    Vitamin K
  62. The universal recipient blood type is:
    AB
  63. The test that determines the ratio of red blood cells to whole blood is the:
    Hematocrit
  64. Lidocaine 1% is used to treat:
    Ventricular dysrhythmia
  65. In a caradic arrest, atropine might be administered to:
    Treat severe bradycardia
  66. A differential count is the calculation of the:
    Number of each type of leukocyte
  67. Which agent is a radiopaque contrast medium used during operative cholangiograms?
    Hypaque
  68. A deliberate reduction of body remperature for therapeutic pruposes is known as:
    Hypothermia
  69. Which of the following substances would be used to stop bleeding from the surface of a cut bone?
    Bone wax
  70. Mannitol is used in neurosuregery to:
    Reduce swelling of the brain tissue
  71. Under normal circumstances 0.9% NaCl (normal saline soultion) is:
    Isotonic
  72. A mitotic drug used to constrict the pupil to reduce intraocular pressure is:
    Pilocarpine hydrochloride
  73. A cycloplegic drug used to dilate the pupil is:
    Tropicamide (Mydriacyl)
  74. A local anesthetic agent employed for infiltration anesthesia during ophthalmic surgery is:
    Lidocaine
  75. An enzyme that is mixed with ophthalmic anesthetic solutions for infiltration anesthesia is:
    Hyaluronidase (Wydase)
  76. A benzodiazepine sedative given intramuscularly for premedication is:
    Midazolam (Versed)
  77. Which of the following measures volume?
    Liter
  78. Which drug is given for malignant hypothermia?
    Dantrolene
  79. Which drug is not an antimuscarinic?
    Midazolam (Versed)
  80. Which of the following medications would be used as a topical anesthetic prior to nasal surgery?
    Cocaine
  81. What is the reinfusion of a patient's own blood called?
    Autotransfusion
  82. Which of the following drugs is used for irrigating the eye & keeping the cornea moist?
    Balanced salt solution (BSS)
  83. Which of the following drugs is a dye used to evaluate the corneal epithelium?
    Fluorescein

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