Card Set Information
geography of latin america
geographical boundaries of south america?
panama to tierra del fuego
geographic boundaries of central america?
guatemala and belize to columbia (not mexico)
geographic boundaries of middle america?
central america to mexico and carribean
how did this region come to be termed latin amerca?
latin deriviatives from spanish and portuguese
the largest river system by volume and ara is located where?
the amazon basin
largest upland plateau along atlantic, brazilian shield
tell me about the andes mountains?
relatively young, created by collision of oceanic and continental plates, active volacnoes and earthquakes because it is still forming
the treeless plain between two ranges of the andes?
two lakes of antiplane?
titicaca and poopo
the valley of mexico?
fertile areas, large cities, southern end of mexican plateau
volcanic axis of central america?
rolling green hills, lakes and volcanic peaks, 40 volcanoes, rich volcanic soil, most of population is located here,
relationship between atitude, temp, and vegetation
3 River Basins of south america?
orinoco basin, amazon basin, plata basin
panama isthmus/canal formation and use?
formed 4 million years ago through tectonic activity, cuts ocean distance from NY to CA in half
where are there dense interior du to pre colonion populations?
mexico and central america
warm currents hit cold coastal waters around christmas every few years
where is there dense coasts with inaccesible rainforests?
rural to urban migration?
internal migrants flow from rural areas to cities starting in 50s and intensifying in 60s and 70s to find jobs and schools
when there is a primate city that is 3 or 4 times larger that other cities in the country is it called?
latin american urban primate cities:
lima, peru; caracas, venezuela; guatemala city, guatemala; santiage, chile; buenos aires, argentina; mexico city, mexico
environmental problems in mexico city include..
poor air quality, soil sinkage, overdrawing land water, (since city sits in a bowl) trapped exhaust, smoke, garbage, and fecal matter in air, contaminated water
most populated countries in latin america?
brazil, mexico, columbia, argentina
gas pipe explosion that injured many
the "green city" of brazil?
focus on market/historic core, spine/elite sector, squatter settlements
location, demise, fact about Maya:
southern mexico, guatemala, beliz, el salvador, and hoduras; wiped out mostly by disease; impressive calendars and political system, never died out
location, demise, fact of Aztec:
central mexico; fell to spanish empire in 1521; capital tenochtitlan is now mexico city, human sacrifices to gods
location, demise, and fact of Inca:
peru, ecuador, bolivia, chile, argentina; treaty of todesillas; architecture still around, six majoy gods rep sun, moon, etf
people of mixed european and indian descent?
people of mixed european and african descent?
the blending of two or more cultures which produces a 3rd culture that exhibits traits from both culture parents?
practiced by indigenous people of mexico?
day of the dead
the patron saint of mexico seen by an indian shepard boy in 1531
the virgin of guadalupe
three day carnival featuring african musical traditions, reign of momo
becomes famililar with after falling victim to a magicians spell by having a black magic object hidden in their home
self employed, low wage, unregulated, untaxed
government sanctioned, taxed
wealth still held by elites, not very distributed through classes
a large estate or ranch?
primary export dependancy:
19th century most of income was from exports of one or two crops
in 60s and 70s latin america ________ because you cant depend on one or two crops
theory that the expansion fo european capitalism created latin americas underdevelopment
stress privatization, export production, direct foreign investment, and few restrictions on imports
when a country completely changes its currency to the US dollar
impact of remittances?
helo sustain economy or last resort?
a conditional cash transfer program in Brazil that gives incentive to parents to keep their kids in school
treaty of todesillas?
pope drew N-S line dividing land between spain (west) and portugal (east)