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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
is prostate gland enlargement due to increased epithelial cells and stromal tissue.
What does BPH results from?
endocrine changes associated with the aging process
The compression of the urethra leads to clinical symptoms:
- decrease in caliber and force of the urinary stream
- difficulty in initiating voiding
- intermittency and dribbling
Conservative and initial treatment is _________ ___________ when there are 0/mild symptoms
- watchful waiting
- Drug therapy may also be used.
Invasive treatment of symptomatic BPH involves
prostate resection or ablation.
Prostate cancer is the __________cancer among men, excluding skin cancer.
Risk factors of prostate cancer include
- family history
Symptoms of prostate cancer are similar to those for BPH including
Elevated levels of ___________ ________ _____indicate prostatic pathology, although not necessarily prostate cancer.
prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
The conservative approach to management is
Invasive therapies include ___________ ___________ and _______________
radical prostatectomy and cryosurgery
Treatment may also include
drugs, hormones, chemotherapy, and radiation.
The nursing role is to encourage patients
to have annual PSA and digital rectal exam
What age should men start having PSA and digital rectal exams?
age 50 or younger if risk factors present.
The term prostatitis describes a group of ____________ and ____________ conditions affecting the prostate gland
inflammatory and noninflammatory
what are the different types of prostatitis?
- acute bacterial prostatitis
- chronic bacterial prostatitis
- chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome
- asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis
What drugs are used for acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis?
What is Epididymitis?
acute painful inflammatory process of the epididymis secondary to an infectious process, trauma, or urinary reflux down the vas deferens.
Conservative treatment of epididymitis?
- bed rest with elevation of scrotum
- use of ice packs