argues that Congress is designed to obtain the best information possible and thereby make more informed policy decisions.
argues that the internal institutions of Congress are designed to help members secure economic benefits for their constituents.
maintains that majority party leaders dominate the workings of Congress and secure the most legislative benefits for majority party members.
of Congress holds that the workings of Congress are biased toward serving the interests of wealthy and privileged people in society.
agreeing to vote in favor of one another’s bills.
Congress consists of two chambers. These are the House of Representatives and the Senate.
How does a bill become a law?
For a bill to become law, both chambers of Congress must approve it and the president must sign it. If the president vetoes a bill, Congress canoverride the veto by a vote of two-thirds of the members of each chamber.
seats are allocated to parties based on their proportion of the public’s vote.
An electoral district in which a single person is elected to a given office.
A method for determining an election's winner in which the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
Drawing boundaries specifically for political advantage
using their judgment to decide what is best
using constituent preferences to make decisions
The advantage current officeholders have in an election, in particular as it relates to the high rates at which congressional legislators win re-election.
5 Factors that contribute to Incumbency Advantage?
gerrymandering, pork, television access, campaign finance, and national party efforts
Speaker of the House
the leader of the House of Representatives and of the majority party in the House
The head of the party holding a majority of seats and, in the Senate, the leader of the Senate. In the House, the majority leader is second to the Speaker of the House.
The tendency for legislators that belong to the same party to vote the same way on a given bill.
A member of the House or Senate who is elected by his or her party to help party leaders coordinate party members' actions, including enforcing party discipline
have permanent jurisdiction over their policy areas
are temporarily formed to consider a special issue
A committee made up of members of both the House and Senate.
have the specific task of trying to reconcile conflicting House and Senate versions of the same bill.