medical glossary A

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harstanner
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142945
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medical glossary A
Updated:
2012-03-21 13:40:33
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Medical Glossary
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Medical Glossary A
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  1. passage of a substance through some surface of the body into body fluids and tissues
    Absorption
  2. before meals
    a.c.
  3. drugs that inhibit angiotension-converting enzyme from working
    ACE inhibitors
  4. inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands of the skin
    Acne
  5. chronic syndrome of growth hormone excess, most often caused by a pituitary macroadenoma; characterized by gradual coarsening and enlargement of bones and facial features
    Acromegaly
  6. adrenocorticotropic hormone
    ACTH
  7. right ear
    a.d.
  8. a substance that encourages dependence on it
    Addicting
  9. gradual, progressive failure of the adrenal glands and insufficient production of steroid hormones
    Addison’s disease
  10. to combine two or more numbers together
    Addition
  11. effect that one drug or substance contributes to the action of another
    Additive
  12. antidiuretic hormone
    ADH
  13. American Drug Index
    ADI
  14. relating to nerve fibers that release norepinephrine or epinephrine
    Adrenergic
  15. undesired side effects or toxicity caused by a treatment
    Adverse effects
  16. taking place in the presence of oxygen
    Aerobic
  17. drug that binds to the receptor and stimulates the receptor’s function
    Agonist
  18. absence or loss of hair
    Alopecia
  19. plural of alveolus; an air sac in the lungs
    Alveoli
  20. a small glass container that can be sealed and its contents sterilized
    Ampule
  21. taking place in the absence of oxygen
    Anaerobic
  22. hypersensitivity reaction between an allergenic antigen and immunoglobulin E bound to mast cells; stimulates the sudden release of immunologic mediators locally or throughout the body
    Anaphylaxis
  23. substances producing or stimulating the development of male characteristics, such as the hormones testosterone and androsterone
    Androgens
  24. oppressive pain or pressure in the chest caused by inadequate blood flow and oxygenation to heart muscle
    Angina pectoris
  25. absence of oxygen
    Anoxia
  26. that which counteracts the action of something else, such as a muscle or drug
    Antagonist
  27. a drug that opposes the action of histamine
    Antihistamines
  28. drugs used to combat the influenza virus
    Antiinfluenza agents
  29. drugs that prevent or relieve spasm
    Antispasmodics
  30. drugs that prevent or relieve coughing
    Antitussives
  31. druggist or pharmacist
    Apothecary
  32. use of fragrant oils in baths, as inhalants, or during massage to relieve stress and to treat skin conditions
    Aromatherapy
  33. left eye
    a.s.
  34. the most common form of arteriosclerosis, marked by cholesterol-lipid-calcium deposits in the walls of the arteries
    Atherosclerosis
  35. to render thin or make less virulent
    Attenuate
  36. both ears
    a.u.
  37. a subjective, but recognizable sensation that precedes and signals the onset of a convulsion or migraine headache
    Aura
  38. an order that discontinues a medication at a certain time
    Automatic stop order
  39. self-controlling, functioning independently
    Autonomic
  40. a system of weighing or measuring articles in which 7000 grains equal 1 pound
    Avoirdupois

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