Chapter 10 - Intelligence

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  1. intelligence
    those attributes that center around skill at information processing, problem solving, and adapting to new or changing situations
  2. Stanford- Binet test
    test for determining IQ
  3. IQ test
    designed to meaure intelligence on an objective, standardized scale
  4. mental age
    age level of most advanced items that could be answered correctly on IQ tes
  5. Wechsler Intelligence Tests
    improvement on Stanford-Binet IQ test
  6. perceptual reasoning cluster
    tasks assembling blocks solving mazes, reasoning about pictures (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children)
  7. verbal comprehension cluster
    define vocab, explain sentence meaning, identify word similarity (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children)
  8. working memory cluster
    recall series of numbers, put random sequence of numbers in order (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children)
  9. fluid reasoning
    completing verbal analogies (5th edition Stanford-Binet)
  10. knowledge
    defining words, detecting absurdities in pictures (5th edition Stanford-Binet)
  11. quantitative reasoning
    math problems (5th edition Stanford-Binet)
  12. visual-spatial processing
    assembling a puzzle (5th edition Stanford-Binet)
  13. working memory
    repeating a sentence (5th edition Stanford-Binet)
  14. intelligence quotient (IQ score)
    index of intelligence that reflects the degree to which a person's score diviates fr the average score of others the same age
  15. aptitude test
    designed to measure a person's capacity to learn certain things or perform certain tasks
  16. achievement test
    measure of what a person has accomplished or learned in a particular area
  17. test
    systematic procedure for observing behavior in standard situation and describing it with the help of a numerical scale or category system
  18. norm
    description of the frequency at which particular scores occur
  19. reliability
    the degree to which a test can be repeated with the same results
  20. split-half method
    correlation coefficient calculated between each person's scores on two comparable halves of the test (measuring reliability)
  21. test-retest
    same group of people take same test twice (measuring reliability)
  22. validity
    the degree to which test scores re interpreted correctly and used appropriatly
  23. content validity
    deree to which content of the test is a representative sample of what the test is supposed to measure
  24. predictive validity
    test scores correlated with a criterion that cannot be measured until some time in the furutre
  25. construct validity
    extent to which scores suggest a test is actually measuring what it claims to measure
  26. developed ability
    what intelligence has been concluded to be. Partly influenced by genetics, life experiences, and culture
  27. blooming period
    time of rapid academic growth
  28. psychometric approach
    way of studying intelligence that emphasizes analysis of the products of intelligece, especially scores on IQ tests
  29. g (generalized intelligence)
    general intelligence factor that Spearman postulated as accounting for positive correlations between people's scores on cognitive ability tests
  30. s
    group of special abilities that Spearman saw as accompanying general intelligence (g)
  31. fluid intelligence
    basic reasoning and problem solving
  32. crystallized intelligence
    specific knowledge gained as a result of applying fluid intelligence
  33. information-processing approach
  34. focuses on mental operations, such as attention and memory, that underlie intelligent behavior
  35. analytic intelligence
    logical, would help you solve a physics problem
  36. creative intelligence
    the intelligence you would you to compose music
  37. practical intelligence
    intelligence used if stranded or lost somewhere
  38. triarchic theory of intelligence
    Sternberg's theory that describes intelligence as having analytic, creative, and practical dimensions
  39. multiple intelligences
    all people possess a number of intelligences with a different set of skills
  40. linguistic intelligence
    good vocab and reading comprehension
  41. logical-mathematical intelligence
    skill at math and certain kinds of reasoning
  42. spatial intelligence
    understanding relationships between objects
  43. musical intelligence
    abilities with rhythm, tempo, sound
  44. body-kinesthetic intelligence
    skill at dancing, athletics, hand-eye coordination
  45. intrapersonal intelligence
  46. interpersonal intelligence
    ability to understand and interact with others
  47. naturalistic intelligence
    ability to see patterns in nature
  48. emotional intelligence
    capacity to perceive emotions and link them to thoughts
  49. creativity
    the capacity to produce new, high-quality ideas or products
  50. divergent thinking
    ability to think along many alternative paths to generate many different solutions to a problem
  51. creative skills
    willingness to work hard, persistence at problem solving, ability to break problem-solving habits, willingness to take risks
  52. convergent thinking
    ability to apply logic and knowledge to narrow down the number of possible solutions to a problem or perform some other complex task
  53. Down syndrome
    extra 21st chromosome
  54. Familial retardation
    no obvious genetic or environmental cause
  55. metacognition
    knowledge of what strategies to apply and when to apply them, and how to use them in new situations
  56. mainstreaming
    teaching those with mental disabilities in classrooms with children that don't have disabilities
  57. learning disability
    significant discrepancy between a person's measured intelligence and their academic performance
  58. dyslexia
    difficulty understanding the meaning of what is read
  59. dysphasia
    difficulty understanding spoken word or recalling words for speech
  60. dysgraphia
    problems with writing
  61. dyscalculia
    difficulty understanding quantity or basic principles of arithmetic
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Chapter 10 - Intelligence
2012-03-22 02:21:36

chapter 10 ap psych
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