chapt 18

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
143054
Filename:
chapt 18
Updated:
2012-03-21 23:08:30
Tags:
drugs that affect mucous membrane
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Description:
drugs that affect the mucous membrane
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  1. emollients
    • fatty or oily substances
    • soften and shields skin
    • vehicle for fat-soluble drugs
    • petrolatum
    • roswater ointment
    • hydrous wool fat (lanolin)
  2. demulcent agents
    • alleviate irritation
    • usually applied in sticky preparations
    • can be topical, lozenge or liquid
    • i.e. starch, cream, egg white, milk
  3. astringent
    • precipitate protein
    • contracts and whitens skin
    • reduce inflammation
    • toughens skin
  4. counterirritants
    • irritate unbroken skin
    • relieve deep pain in muscles and joints
  5. rubefacients
    • produce warmth
    • produce local vasodilation
  6. vesicants
    • strong irritation
    • may cause blisters
  7. keratolytics
    • cause sloughing of hardened epithelium
    • cauterizes ulcers and destroys tissue in calluses and warts
    • benzoic and salicylic acids
    • resorcinol
    • lactic acid
  8. local anisthetics have which suffix?
    • -cain
    • cocain derivatives
  9. antifungals
    • treat fungal infections of skin
    • topical and oral
  10. antimonilial
    • combat yeast-like infection (moniliasis/candidiasis) by candida albicans
    • affects warm macerated areas usually
    • prevalent after antibiotic usage
    • increased risk w/ DM and obesity
    • tablets , creams, ointments
  11. general antiinfective agents
    • ethyl alcohol
    • isopropyl alcohol
    • hexachlorophene (active ingredient in antiseptic soaps)
    • benzalkonium chloride
    • hydrogen peroxide
  12. hexachlorophene
    • active ingredient in antiseptic scrubs
    • do not use on infants
    • do apply to abraded skin of anyone
  13. photosenstizing agents
    • cosmetics
    • pigments and dyes in clothes and tattos
    • plants
    • hexachlorophen or bithionol
  14. topical corticosteroids
    antiinflammatory, antipruritic and vasoconstrictive
  15. photosensitizing meds
    • oral contraceptives
    • benadryl
    • lasix
    • glyburide
    • ibuprofen
    • keoconazole
    • retinoic acid
    • sulfa
    • tetracycline
  16. drugs used to treat acne
    • tretinoin (retinoic acid, retin-a)
    • isotretinoin (accutane)
    • benzoyl peroxide
    • ertyhromycin topical gel

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