ch 8 decontam, sterile, disinfect

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ch 8 decontam, sterile, disinfect
2010-04-13 16:04:58
decontam sterile disinfect

ch 8 decontam, sterile, disinfect
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  1. AAMI
    Association for the Advancement of medical instrumentation. authoritative source of standards for sterilization and disinfection
  2. Antisepsis
    a process that greatly reduces the number of microorganisms on skin or other tissue
  3. autoclave
    small steam sterilizer used in low volume clinical settings
  4. bactericidal
    able to kill bacteria
  5. bacteriostatic
    chemical agent capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria
  6. biofilm
    matrix of extracellular polymers produced by microorganisms. bind the microorganisms tightly to a living or nonliving surface, making them highly resistant to antimicrobial action
  7. biological indicator
    quality control mechanism used in the process of sterilization
  8. case cart system
    method of receiving clean and sterile equipment and preparing it for transportation to a central decontam area. all equipment is contained within a covered movable storage cart.
  9. cavitation
    process in which air bubbles are imploded, releasing particles of soil or tissue debris
  10. central service department
    area of the hospital where medical devices and equipment are processed
  11. central service technician
    skilled professional who specializes in processing and maintenance of medical devices used in the health care facility
  12. chemical monitor
    method of testing a sterilization parameter. chemical strips sensitive to physical condition, such as temp, are placed with the item being sterilized and change color when the parameter is reached.
  13. chemical sterilization
    process that uses chemical agents to achieve sterilization
  14. -cidal
    suffix indicating death
  15. cleaning
    process that removes organic or inorganic soil or debris using detergent and mechanical or hand washing.
  16. cobalt-60 radiation
    method of sterilizing prepackaged equipment using ionizing radiation
  17. contaminate
    to render non sterile and unacceptable for use in critical areas of the body.
  18. decontamination
    process in which recently used and soiled medical devices including intruments are rendered safe for personnel to handle
  19. detergent
    chemical that breaks down organic debris by emulsification to aid in cleaning
  20. disinfection
    destruction of microorganisms by heat or chemical means
  21. enzymatic cleaner
    specific chemical used in detergents and cleaners to penetrate and break down biological debris, such as blood and tissue
  22. ethylene oxide
    highly flammable, toxic gas that is capable of sterilizing an object
  23. event-related sterility
    wrapped sterile item may become contaminated by environmental conditions or events, such as a puncture in the wrapper.
  24. evidence based practice
    methods and procedures proven to be valid by rigorous testing and professional research
  25. exposure time
    amount of time goods are held at a specific time, temperature, and pressure during a sterilization process
  26. fungicidal
    able to kill fungi
  27. gas plasma sterilization
    process that uses the form of matter known as plasma to sterilize an item
  28. germicidal
    able to kill germs
  29. gravity displacement sterilizer
    type of sterilizer that removes air by gravity
  30. high level disinfection
    process that redues the bioburden to an absolute minimum
  31. high vacuum sterilizer
    type of steam sterilizer that removes air in the chamber by vacuum and refills the chapter with pressurized steam.
  32. inanimate
  33. indicator
    device used in the sterilization process to verify that a parameter of the process has been achieved
  34. just-in-time sterilization
    items to be sterilized shortly before surgery must be processed so they are ready as close to the time of surgery as possible
  35. material safety data sheets
    government mandated requirement for all chemicls used inthe workplace
  36. medical devices
    any equipment, instrument, implant, material or apparatus used for diagnosis, treatment, or monitoring of patients
  37. non critical items
    items that are no required to be sterile because they do not penetrate intact tissue.
  38. nonwoven
    fabric or material that is bonded together as opposed to a process of interweaving individual threads
  39. peracetic acid
    chemical used in the sterilization of critical items
  40. personal protective equipment
    approved attire worn during the reporcessing of medical devices and the cleaning of patient areas
  41. prion
    unique pathogenic substance which contains no nucleic acid.
  42. process challange monitoring
    sealed, harmless bacteriologial sample is included in a load of goods to be sterilized.
  43. reprocessing
    activities or tasks that prepare used medical devices for use on another patient.
  44. reuseable
    deignation used by manufacturers to indicate that a medical devicecan be reprocessed for use on more than one patient
  45. sanitation
    method that reduces the number of bacteria in the environment to a safe level
  46. sharps
    any objects used in health care that are capable of penetrating the skin, causing injury
  47. shelf life
    the length of time a wrapped item remains sterile after it has been subjected to a sterilization process
  48. single-use items
    instruments and devices intended for use on one patient only
  49. spaulding system
    system used to determine the level of microbial destruction required for medical devices and supplies based on the risk of infection associated with the area of the body where the device is used
  50. sporicidal
    able to kill spores
  51. sterilization
    process by which all microorganisms, including spores, are destroyed
  52. terminal decontamination
    thorough cleaning and disinfection of supplies or an environment such as the or suite after patient use
  53. ultrasonic cleaner
    equipment that cleans instruments using ultrasonic waves
  54. viricidal
    able to kill viruses
  55. washer-sterilizer/ disinfector
    equipment that washes and decontaminates instruments after an operative procedure
  56. woven wrappers
    also called linen or cloth wrappers. these are fabric cloths used to wrap clean, disinfected supplies in preparation for sterilization process