CHapter 6,7,8

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Author:
margs10
ID:
143151
Filename:
CHapter 6,7,8
Updated:
2012-03-22 11:41:59
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American Gov
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Government
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  1. what are Interest group:
    • group of individual. Who
    • had a specific idea
  2. Tea Party & what do they believe?
    • : religious Christian
    • rights

    • Enough is enough for tax $
    • Right of center
    • Small government
  3. Common hype
    social and economical
  4. single common hype?
    pro life, pro choice


    Usually focused on one issue don't compromise
  5. whats the law?
    tries to influence official to convey information
  6. 1. What's special about interest group in
    California?
  7. Power and ballet inscifies
  8. 2. What perform did
    progressive due to weaken the.../
  9. Primary election,
    referendum recalls in california
  10. 3. What are examples of
    social interest group?
  11. NOW, WACP
  12. . What is a example of economic social?
  13. Business, manufactory
  14. . What is a single
    member district system?
  15. One winner, not a single member
    proposals more than 50% vote majority
  16. Incovent reelection
    - high name recognize
  17. Third pary candidates?
    • : George Wallace,
    • Paro, Ralph neator
  18. What are problem third party face?
  19. Media coverage,
    qualifying for ballot
  20. 7. Who are likely to
    vote?
  21. Older and more educated
  22. 8. What are two proportional
    states:
  23. Maine an nebraska * what
    PPL want
  24. 9. What is fairness doctrine?
    • Controversial issue and present both sides equally and fairly
  25. 10. What is equal time
    doctrine?
  26. Candace a much equally as
    Candace b and so on
  27. 11..what are pharalism
    problems?
  28. Grid look
  29. Hard money
    : contribution limits individuals to 2,500
  30. soft money:
    • donate to political
    • parties leave contribution group 5,000
  31. Unregulated
    23rd amendment
    • : district of Columbia to choose electors for president and vice
    • president
  32. 26th amendment:
    voting age of 18
  33. PAC: (political action committee):
    • organization devoted to
    • channeling money from members of interest groups to political candidates
    • sympathetic to the groups policy preference.
  34. PAC: (political action committee): RESTRICTIONS
  35. -No contributor can give more
    • than 5,000 per election
    • -Candidates and commit to 25,000
    • but no limit on how much they may raise or give total
    • -No limit on total contribution
    • accept from different pac
    • -They can spend it as they wish
    • on broadcast or print media
  36. Federalist paper no.10
    • During the adoption of
    • the constitution in 1787, James Madison wrote about the division he saw as
    • naturally developing in society. _warning of factions_
  37. Equal time rule:
    • section 315 on the
    • communications act of 1934 requires station to give or sell time to one
    • political candidate if the station has given or sold time to another candidate
    • for the same office
  38. Fairness doctrine
    • stations had to devote
    • "reasonable" percentage of airtime to a discussion of public issues
  39. Pluralism
    • interest group, contribution to democracy
    • single member district system: only one person wins in that district
  40. Proportional representation:
    party receives seats according to its share of the vote

    • Ex:
    • France and Italy
  41. Motor voter law:
    • 1. : The National Voter
    • Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA), designed
    • to reverse declining voter registration by allowing voters to register at motor
    • vehicle departments
  42. Voting rights act
    • Literacy requirements are banned for five years by the 1970 renewal of
    • the Voting Rights Act. At the time, eighteen states still have a literacy
    • requirement in place. In Oregon v. Mitchell, the Court upholds the ban on literacy tests,
    • which is made permanent in 1975
  43. Revenue act (1971):
    reinstated the investment tax credit, repealed the 7% automobile excise tax, and increased the minimum standard deduction from $1,000 to $1,300.
  44. Incumbent:
    holder of an office or ecclesiastical benefice

    -one that occupies a particular position or place
  45. The press as the “fifth
    branch” of gov’t:
    • : media candidates and
    • officials, advantage: journalist compete with each other page space and airtime
  46. Running mate
    • person running together with another person on a joint ticket during an
    • election
  47. Elgibility to vote:
    • must be 18, be registered, live in California,
    • register for the arm forces (men)
  48. Caucus System:
    • meetings or conventions to pick the party’s candidate’s requirements
    • heavy investment of time party supports. Ex: Iowa
  49. Voter turnout and participation:
    • conviction of crime, parole, probation jail/mental
    • residence

    -socioeconomic; greater education vote age
  50. Primary Election
    • intraparty election
    • in which a political party selects candidates it will run for office in the
    • final interparty general election.
    • -primary elections differ from state to state in terms of
    • who is allowed to vote.
  51. Electoral College
    • rules and proposed reforms: formulator deciding who is
    • elected president

    -electors meet in respect state capital in December of election year

    • -opposed reform: abolish it
    • -keep college but modify winner (take all)
    • -blind elector to presidential
    • -do away with election and tally Electoral College votes
  52. Voting rights Act (1971):
    • aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that
    • prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote under the
    • Fifteenth Amendment (1870) to the Constitution of the United States.
  53. Bipartisan Campaign reform
    act
    • - regulates
    • the financing of political
    • campaigns, McConnell v. Federal Election Commission, The increased role of soft money in
    • campaign financing, by prohibiting national political party committees from
    • raising or spending any funds not subject to federal limits, even for state and
    • local races or issue discussion;
  54. FCC regulations:
    • : to regulate interstate
    • and foreign communications by radio television, wire, satellite, and cable.



    • Unfair
    • labor practices business and interstate
  55. FCC commissioner
    appointments:
    • five commissioners appointed by
    • president confirmed by the senate.5r years term Julius Genachowski | Chairman
  56. Party decline and resurgence:
    • No
    • one wants to have a complicated system. The less political parties there are,
    • the easier it is to vote for a candidate.



    • A
    • divided party government occurs when one party is in the presidency and the
    • other controls one or both chambers of Congress. Because in a divided
    • government one party can check the other's agenda, it is exceedingly difficult
    • for a party to carry out its policies



    • inability
    • of a party to bring its promises to fruition has contributed to voter
    • disillusionment
  57. Scarcity doctrine: ARGUE
    Argue: courts libel slander and obscenity, privacy and prior restraint
  58. Scarcity doctrine:
    • Supreme
    • Court to justify censorship of radio and television

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