Biology exam three

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Biology exam three
2012-03-22 12:18:20

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  1. Some animals do not have a circulatory system with heart and vessels.
  2. The hemolymph of a grasshopper divers nutrients, but not oxygen to the tissues.
  3. You would fine two atria and two ventricles in the heart of a bird.
    Two atria and two ventricles.
  4. Gas exchange, nutrient exchange and waste exchange occur across the walls of capillaries.
  5. In humans, blood returning to the heart from the systemic circuit enters the right atrium.
    right atrium.
  6. Arteries are blood vessels carrying blood from the heart; veins are blood vessels returning blood to the heart.
  7. Albumins are the plasma proteins involved in blood cloting.
  8. The basic rhythm, or pace, of the heart is controlled by nodal tissue located in the right atrium.
    right atrium
  9. Blood ejected from the right ventricle enters the pilmonary trunk.
    pulmonary trunk.
  10. The first sound "lub" is caused by the closing of the atriventricular valves and the second sound (dub) is caused by the closing of the semilunar valves.
  11. Erthropoietin, the growth factor for red blood cells production, is produced in the bone marrow.
  12. What blood type contains Anti-A antibodies, but not anti-B antibodies.
    Blood Type B
  13. Veins and large lymphatic bessels contain valves.
    Veins and large lymphatic vessels.
  14. Lymphocytem, monocyte neutrophil, and basophil are all leukocytes.
    Know those three names.
  15. The hepatic portal vein carries blood from the small intestines to the liver.
  16. The spleen is a lymphatic organ filled with flood instead of lymph
  17. The right lymphatic duct serves the right arm, the right side of the head and neck, thoracic area, and the right lower extremity.
  18. Some T cells are known as helper cells because they produce chemicals that stimulate immune cells. (not B cells)
  19. Antibody mediated imunity is a function of B cells.
  20. Mature T cells are NOT called plasma cells.
    What are? Look up!!
  21. IgE is the antibody primarily associated with allergic reactions.
  22. Multiple sclerosisis an autoimmune disease in which antibodies attack the myelin sheath of nerce fibers, causing various neuromuscular disorder.
  23. Peyers patches are lymph nodes within the white pulp of the spleen.
  24. An immunoglobin injection against hepatitis was offered to Jason before his mission trip to Mexico. This injection was meant to provice
    passive immunity.
  25. Memory cells can result from the exposure of
    Lymphocytes, B cells, and T cells antigens.
  26. Most of the lymph fluid is returned to the bloodstream in the
    left subclavian vein.
  27. IgG is the major class of antibody circulating in blood.
  28. Most of the lymph fluid is returned to the bloodstream in the
    Left subclavian vein.
  29. Tapeworks lack a digestive system
  30. Spiders and sea stars are NOT herbivorous. (Horses are)
  31. Digestion of protein in the adult human beings in the
  32. Digestion of starch in the adult human begins in the
  33. Chyme is produced in the
  34. Which of the following statements about digestion is NOT correct?
    The liver store glucose as starch.
  35. The ______ is the orgin of the sodium bicarbonate buffer which neutralizes the stomach contents as they enter the small intestines.
  36. _____________ are hormones secreated by the small intestines. (Gastrin is NOT)
  37. Juandice is the result of high livels of
  38. Animals like the cow, whose gastroinetestinal tracts are specialized for cellulose digestion are known as ruminants (not in the horse)
  39. ________ is absorbed by the large intestine.
    Vitamin K
  40. Iron and calcium are recommended in what amounts?
  41. Phosphorus, fluorine, and vitamin D are essential for the health of bones and teeth.
  42. The ______ produces an iodine-containing hormone.
  43. _______ is not a fat soluble vitamin.
    Vitamin C
  44. _____ does not provide calories
  45. Internal respiration involves gas exchange between air and blood?
  46. The earthworm is a terrestrial animal that uses its body surface in respiration.
    body surface
  47. Unlike birds, humans have _____
    Tidal ventilation.
  48. In the human, air and food passages across the ______.
  49. Inspired air in the bronchioles next enters the _______.
  50. Which of the following does not occur during exhalation in humans?
    Air is exhaled as a result of decreased pressure within the lungs.
  51. The primary stimuli that increases breathing rate are _______________________
    increased carbon dioxide concentration in the blood and increased hydrogen ion concentrain in the blood.
  52. Carbon dioxide flows from blood to aveoli and this describes the exchange of gases in the lungs.
  53. The Formation and breakdown of carbonic acid are sped up by carbonic anhydrase.
  54. TB is a lung disorder that is due to infections that may be controlled by antibiotics.
  55. Unlike reptile, amphibians have positive pressure ventilation.
  56. Most of the carbon dioxide picked up from the tissues is transported in the form of carbaminohemoglobin.
  57. ________ contains a series of C-Shaped cartilages.
  58. A countercurrent mechanism, in which two fluids flow past one another in opposite directions, is used in gills.
  59. Lacteals are found in the
    small intestine.
  60. Chemoreceptiors in the aorta and carotid arteries are sensors for the regulation of
    breathing rate.
  61. As the acidity of blood increases, the saturation of hemoglobin with oxygen increases.
  62. The adams apple if part of the
  63. The most likely medication used to cure a gastric ulcer are
  64. The characteristic signs of inflmmation are
    redness, swelling, pain and heat.
  65. ___________ lack a nucleus
  66. P.Q.R.S.T are the five letters in the alphabet that descrives waves of ECG
  67. Adult humans have ___ incisors
  68. _________ is the rhythmic muscular action of the gastrointenstinal tract.
  69. The _________ is the semilunar valve associated with the left side of the heart.
    Aortic valve
  70. __________ is the process by which an amoeboid cell engulfs foreign material.
  71. ______________ are the type of lymphocyte that contributes to the nonspecific or the inmate immune response.
    Natural Killer Cells.