Ch 15 Physiological Disorders

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luluama711
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Ch 15 Physiological Disorders
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2012-03-29 19:08:29
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Psychology Vocab
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Ch 15 Physiological Disorders
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  1. Abnormal Behavior
    behavior that is deviant, maladaptive, or personally distressful over a relatively long period of time
  2. Medical Model
    the view that psychological disorders are a medical disease w biological origin
  3. DSM-IV
    the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; the major classification of psychological disorders in the U.S.
  4. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)
    one of the most common psychological disorders of childhood, in which individuals show one or more of the following; inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsity
  5. Anxiety Disorders
    Psychological disorders involving fears taht r uncontrollable, disportionate to the actual danger the person might bein, and disruptive of ordinary life
  6. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    Psychological disorder maked by persisten anxiety for at least six months and which the individual is unable to specifiy the reasons for the anxiety
  7. Panic Disorder
    Anxiety disorder in which the individual experiences recurrent, sudden onsets of intense apprehension or terror, often w/o warubg abd wut bi soecufuc cause
  8. Phobic Disorder or Phobia
    Anxiety disorder characterized by an irrational, overwhelming persisitent fear of a particular object or situation
  9. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
    Anxiety disorder in which the individual has anxiety provoking thoughts taht will not go away and/or urges to perform retetitive, ritualistic behaviors to prevent or produce some future situation
  10. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD)
    Anxiety disorder that develops through exposure to a traumatic even that has overwhelmed the person's abilities
  11. Mood Disorders
    Psychological disorders-the main t ypes of which are depressive disorders and bipolar disorders- in which there is a primary disturbance of mood: prolonged emotion that colors the individual's entire emotional state
  12. Depressive Disorders
    Mood disorders in which the individual suffers from depression- an unrelenting lack of pleasure in life
  13. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
    Psychological disorder involving a significant depressive episode and depressed characteristics, such as lethargy and hopelessness, for at least two weeks
  14. Dysthymic Disorder (DD)
    Mood disorder that is generally more chronic and has fewer symptoms than MMD; the individual is in a depressed mood for most days for at least two years as an adult or at lwast one years as a child or an adolescent
  15. Bipolar Disorder
    Mood disorder characterized by extreme mood swings that include one or more episodes of mania, an overexcited, unrealistically optimistic state
  16. Dissociative Disorders
    Psycholgical disorder that involve a sudden loss of memory or change in identity due to the dissociation (separation) of the individual's conscious awareness from previous memories and thoughts
  17. Dissociative Fugue
    Dissociative disorder in which the individual not only develops amnesia but also unexpectedly travels away from home and sometimes assumes a new identitiy
  18. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
    Formerly cdalled multiple personality disorder, a dissociative disorder in which the individual has two or more distinct personalities or identities, each w its own memories, behavior, and relationships
  19. Schizophrenia
    Severe psycholgical disorder characterized by highly disordered thought processes, reffered to as pscyhotic because they are so far removed from reality
  20. Hallucinations
    Sensory experiences in the absence of real stimuli
  21. Delusions
    False, unusual, and sometimes magical beliefs that are not part of an individuals culture
  22. Referential Thinking
    Ascribing personal meaning to compmletely random events
  23. Catatonia
    State of immobility and unresponsiveness lasting for long periods of time
  24. Flat Affect
    The display of little or no emotion a common negative symptom of schizophrenia
  25. Diathesis-Stress Model
    View of schizophrenia emphasizing that a combination of biogenetic disposition and stress causes the disorder
  26. Personality Disorders
    Chronic, maladaptive cognitive-behavioral patterns that are thoroughly integrated into an individuals personality
  27. Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)
    A psychological disorder characterized by guiltlessness, law-breaking, exploitation of others, irresponsibility, and deceit
  28. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
    A psychological disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersoanl relationships, self-image, and emotions, and of marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of context
  29. Dissociative Amnesia
    Dissociative disorder characterized by extreme memory loss that is caused by extensive psycholgical stress

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