chapter 6

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TOYOMAMA0118
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143250
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chapter 6
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2012-03-22 21:09:32
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The Rise of Islam
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  1. Islam means
    "submission"
  2. Bedouins were
    Arab camel nomads
  3. What was the basic social group of the bedouin people?
    kin-related clan groups.
  4. Shakyhs were
    leaders of bedouin clans
  5. What clan was responsible for the foundaiton of Mecca?
    Umayyad
  6. The religious shrine that was the focus of an annual truce in preIslamic Mecca was the
    Ka'ba
  7. Who ruled Medina prior to Muhammad's flight there?
    several Jewish and bedouin clans
  8. Prior to Muhammad's revelations, the religion of the bedouin was
    a mixture of animism and polytheism
  9. What was the date of Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina?
    622 CE
  10. Which of the following statements concerning Muhammad's flight to Medina is not correct?

    A. He fled because of the threat of assassination in Mecca.
    B. He fled because he was invited to mediate a dispute between the tribes of Medina.
    C. Muhammad's clansman Ali was crucial in his safe passage to Medina.
    D. Muhammad fled from Mecca with nearly one quarter of the city's population.
    E. Once in Medina he attracted new followers to his faith.
    Muhammad fled from Mecca with nearly one quarter of the city's population.
  11. The Islamic umma was
    the concept of community of the faithful that transcended clan boundaries
  12. The religious practiced that are incumbent on all Muslims are referred to as the
    "five pillars of faith"
  13. The responsibility of all Muslims to make a pilgrimage to Mecca is called the
    hajj
  14. The Ridda Wars were fought
    to suppress rival prophets and to restore the unity of Islam.
  15. Which of the following statements concerning the resistance of the Byzantine Empire to Islamic attacks is most accurate?

    A. Although the Byzantine Empire lost most of Asia Minor, it was able to successfully defend Egypt, Syria, and Palestine from Arab assaults.
    B. The Byzantine Empire was so weak that Islamic armies advanced until they finally captured the Byzantine capital at Constantinople.
    C. Christian sects supported their Byzantine rulers against the Muslim invaders.
    D. The Byzantine Empire was more resilient than the Sasanian Empire, but still suffered the loss of Egypt, Syria, and Palestine to the Arabs.
    E. The Byzantine Empire was much stronger than the Sasanian Empire and was successfully able to reject the Islamic attacks until the ninth century.
    D. The Byzantine Empire was more resilient than the Sasanian Empire, but still suffered the loss of Egypt, Syria, and Palestine to the Arabs.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The theological and political faction that supported the Umayyad concept of succession within Islam were the
    Sunnis.
  17. What was the nature of citizenship within the Umayyad Empire?
    Only Muslim Arabs were first-class citizens of this great empire.
  18. Unlike the Umayyad Empire, the Abbasid Empire
    admitted the mawali as full members of the Islamic community.
  19. During the Abbasid period, slavery
    was typical of unskilled occupations in the countryside and the cities.
  20. The religion that arose from the revelations of Muhammad was __________.
    Islam
  21. The recitations of revelations received by Muhammad were recorded in the __________, the Islamic holy book.
    Quran
  22. Islam spread first among the __________, nomadic pastoralists of the Arabian peninsula.
    bedouin
  23. The __________ were tribal and clan leaders within bedouin society.
    shaykhs
  24. The site of the Ka'ba and original home of Muhammad, __________ was located in the mountainous region along the Red Sea in the Arabian peninsula.
    Mecca
  25. Yathrib or __________ became the refuge of Muhammad after his flight from Mecca.
    Medina
  26. The tribe that dominated Mecca was the __________.
    Quraysh
  27. The clan within the Quraysh that controlled the political and commercial life of Mecca was the __________.
    Umayyad
  28. One of the most revered shrines in pre-Islamic Arabia, the __________ was eventually incorporated into Islam as a sacred site.
    Ka'ba
  29. The supreme god of Islam was __________.
    Allah
  30. The Prophet of Islam was __________, whose revelations were recorded in the Quran.
    Muhammad
  31. The __________ or community of the faithful in Islam transcended old tribal boundaries.
    umma
  32. The obligatory religious duties of all Muslims, the __________, were confession of the faith, prayer, fasting during Ramadan, zakat, and hajj.
    five pillars
  33. Once in his lifetime, the devout Muslim must undertake __________, a pilgrimage to worship Allah at the Ka'ba.
    hajj
  34. The __________ was the religious and political leader in Islam following the death of Muhammad.
    caliph
  35. Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law __________ was the focus for the Shi'ites.
    Ali
  36. __________ was the first Caliph after Muhammad's death.
    Abu Bakr
  37. The conflicts following Muhammad's death in 632 that resulted in the defeat of rival prophets were the __________ Wars.
    Ridda
  38. __________ was the concept of Islamic holy war.
    jihad
  39. The third Caliph, __________, was a member of the Umayyad clan who was murdered.
    Uthman
  40. The forces of Ali and the Umayyads confronted each other at the Battle of __________.
    Siffin
  41. The first Umayyad Caliph after the defeat of Ali was __________.
    Mu'awiya
  42. Ali's son Husayn was defeated and killed at __________.
    Karbala
  43. The __________ supported the Umayyads in the dispute over control of the caliphate.
    Sunnis
  44. The __________ continued to support descendants of Ali even after the death of Husayn.
    Shi'is
  45. The capital of the Umayyad empire was at __________.
    Damascus
  46. Non-Arab converts to Islam were called __________.
    mawali
  47. _________ were literally "people of the book," usually either Christians or Jews.
    dhimmi
  48. The dynasty that followed the Umayyads was the _____dynasty
    Abbasid
  49. Located in Iraq near the ancient capital of Ctesiphon, __________ was the capital of the Abbasid empire.
    Baghdad
  50. Initially recruited from the Persian residents of Iraq, the __________ were the chief administrative officers of the Abbasid empire.
    wazirs
  51. The wealthy landed elite that emerged in the early decades of the Abbasid rule were the __________.
    ayans

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