chapter 21

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TOYOMAMA0118
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143269
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chapter 21
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2012-03-22 22:22:58
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The Muslim Empires
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  1. The conqueror of the Byzantine empire in 1453 was
    Mehmed II
  2. Slave troops of the Ottoman empire forcibly conscripted as adolescents from conquered territories were called
    Janissaries
  3. What was the principle of succession within the Ottoman empire?
    Correct Answer:Like earlier Islamic dynasties, the Ottoman empire lacked a principle of succession.
  4. What was the result of the Ottoman loss of monopoly over the Indian trade?
    Direct carriage of eastern goods to ports in the West implied loss of revenues in taxes in Muslim trading centers.
  5. The Safavid family had its origins in the fourteenth century in a family devoted to what variant of Islam?
    Sufi
  6. The Ottoman empire halted the advance of Shi'ism and the Safavids at the critical battle of
    Chaldiran
  7. What is a similarity between the Ottomans and the Safavids?
    Both recruited regiments from slave boys
  8. What Shah was responsible for the greatest patronage of the arts and for the rebuilding of much of Isfahan?
    Abbas the Great
  9. What is a difference between the Safavid and Ottoman economies?
    The Safavid market economy was mroe constricted than that of the Ottomans
  10. State an accurate statement about the status of women in the Islamic heartlands during the early modern period.
    Many women in the Islamic heartlands in this era struggled against social restrictions in dress and confinement.
  11. The founder of the Mughal dynasty was
    Babur
  12. Whom did the first Mughal emperor defeat at the battle of Panipat in 1526?
    The Muslim ruler of Delhi
  13. What was an accomplishment of Babur?
    He wrote one of the greatest histories of India
  14. Which of the following was NOT one of the social reforms of Akbar?

    A. Prostitution was eliminated in his realm.
    B. He encouraged the establishment of special market days for women only.
    C. He discouraged child marriages.
    D. He attempted to eradicate the practice of sati.
    E. He sought to provide relief from the women trapped in purdah.
    A. Prostitution was eliminated in his realm.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following statements concerning the reigns of Jahangir and Shah Jahan is most accurate?

    A. The plague took hold in the Empire during the reign of these two monarchs with a resulting drop in population. B. During the reigns of these two Mughal rulers, military activity reached its greatest level.
    C. During the reigns of these two Mughal rulers, military activity reached its greatest level.
    D. Both emperors continued to press the success of Akbar's Din-i-Ilahi.
    E. India became in the reigns of Akbar's successors one of the major overseas centers for European traders.
    E. India became in the reigns of Akbar's successors one of the major overseas centers for European traders.
  16. Which of the following statements concerning the economy of the Mughal empire is most accurate?

    A. European traders brought products from throughout Asia to exchange for the subcontinent's famed cotton textiles.
    B. The Mughal empire produced nothing of value to the West, but served as a conduit of products from Southeastern Asia much in demand among the Europeans.
    C. The Mughal Empire had no viable exports for world trade.
    D. The Indian markets of the Mughals were flooded with Western products.
    E. Unlike the other Muslim empires, the Mughals successfully banned European merchants from their markets.
    A. European traders brought products from throughout Asia to exchange for the subcontinent's famed cotton textiles.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. By the 1350s the __________ had advanced from their strongholds in Asia Minor across the Bosporus into Europe.
    Ottomans
  18. In May 1453 the city of Constantinople fell to the armies of __________, called the Conqueror.
    Mehmed II
  19. The Ottoman imperial armies were increasingly dominated by troops called __________, men who had been forcibly conscripted as adolescent boys in conquered territories.
    Janissaries
  20. Day-to-day administration in the Ottoman empire was carried out by a large bureaucracy headed by a grand __________.
    vizier
  21. The most spectacular mosque built during the Ottoman era was the __________, built during the reign of one of the most successful sultans.
    Suleymaniye
  22. Like the Ottomans, the __________ arose from the struggles of rival Turkic groups in the wake of Timurid invasions, but they espoused the Shi'ite variant of Islam.
    Safavids
  23. In the early fourteenth century a Sufi, __________, began a militant campaign to purify and reform Islam among the Turkic tribes of Iran.
    Sail al-Din
  24. As the numbers of the "__________" (as the followers of the Safavids were called) grew, they faced increasing resistance based on religious opposition.
    Red Heads
  25. In 1501 a Sufi commander named __________ took the city of Tabriz and was proclaimed shah or emperor.
    Ismail
  26. In August of 1514 the Ottoman empire dealt the Safavids a severe setback at the battle of __________.
    Chaldiran
  27. The Safavid empire reached the height of its strength and prosperity under Shah __________.
    Abbas the Great
  28. Although the later Safavid Shahs played down claims to divinity that had been set forth under Ismail and his predecessors, they continued to claim descent from one of the Shi'ite __________ or successors of Ali.
    imams
  29. __________, who were both local mosque officials and prayer leaders, were also supervised by and given some support from the Safavid state.
    Mullahs
  30. The splendid seat of Safavid power, the capital at __________, was laid out around a great square.
    Isfahan
  31. Following the fall of the Safavid capital in 1722, a soldier-adventurer named __________ proclaimed himself Shah in 1736.
    Nadir Khan Afshar
  32. __________ led his followers into India in 1526 because he had lost his original kingdom centered on Farghana in central Asia in the preceding decades.
    Babur
  33. Having found a foothold in Kabul in 1545, __________ launched a series of campaigns into India that gradually restored Mughal rule in 1556.
    Humayan
  34. The Mughal ruler __________ pursued a policy of reconciliation and cooperation with the Hindu princes.
    Akbar
  35. Akbar considered his new religion, the __________, which blended elements of many faiths with which he was familiar, as the long-term key to his efforts to reconcile Hindus and Muslims.
    Din-i-Ilahi
  36. Akbar did legally prohibit __________ or the immolation of high-caste Hindu women on their husbands' funeral pyre.
    sati
  37. The best-known architectural work of the Mughal world was the __________ which fused the Hindu love of ornament with the Islamic genius for domes and arches.
    Taj Mahal
  38. Jahangir's wife, __________, continually amassed power and her faction dominated the empire for much of the later years of Jahangir's reign.
    Nur Jahan
  39. __________, Shah Jahan's son and successor, seized control of an empire that was threatened by internal decay and growing dangers from external enemies.
    Aurangzeb
  40. The rise of new religious sects like the __________ in northwest India further strained the declining resources of an imperial system that was clearly overextended.
    Sikhs

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