chapter 18

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chapter 18
2012-03-22 22:46:39

The Rise of Russia
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  1. What was the primary difference between the Western and Russian empires?
    Russia's expansion involved only limited commercial exchange.
  2. Which of the following represents an impact of the Mongol control of Russia?
    lowered cultural and educaitonal levels
  3. Ivan III was responsible for the
    military campaigns that freed much of Russia from the Mongols
  4. Ivan the Great's claim that Russia was the successor of the Byzantine Empire implied that Russia was the
    "third Rome."
  5. What group did Ivan the Terrible attack as a means of furthering tsarist autocracy?
    the boyars
  6. Why did the Russian expansion policy focus particularly on central Asia?
    The Russians were motivated by a desire to push the former Mongol overlords farther back to prevent renewed invasion
  7. Cossacks were
    peasants recruited to migrate to newly sized lands in the Russian empire.
  8. The Time of Troubles followed the death of which Russian tsar?
    Ivan IV
  9. What were the policies of Alexis Romanov?
    • the abolition of the assemblies of noble
    • the reform of the Orthodox Church
    • the exile of Old Believers to Siberia.
    • the continuation of colonization in central Asia
  10. Old believers were
    Russians who refused to accept tsarist reforms of the Orthodox Church
  11. Peter the Great's creation of a new capital at St. Petersburg
    reflected the growing importance of Russian dominance of the Baltic Sea.
  12. Where was Peter the Great's program of economic development concentrated?
    mining and metallurgical industries
  13. Peter the Great's policy of cultural Westernization was directed primarily at the
  14. Catherine the Great was attracted to the ideas of the
    French Enlightenment
  15. The government of Catherine the Great
    was strongly centralized, but yielded virtually all local control to the nobility
  16. All of the following countries participated in the partition of Poland except..

    A. Hungary.
    B. All of the answers are correct.
    C. Austria.
    D. Russia.
    E. Prussia.
    A. Hungary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. In 1649 Russian serfdom
    became hereditary
  18. What indicated the growing dependence of Russia on the West?
    a coercive labor system
  19. The Duchy of __________ served as the center for the liberation effort beginning in the fourteenth century against Mongol domination of Russia.
  20. Under __________, who claimed succession from the old Rurik dynasty and the old Kievan days, a large part of Russia was freed from the Mongols after 1462.
    Ivan III
  21. Russian tsars insisted that Russia had succeeded Byzantium as a "__________" with all that this implied in terms of grandeur and expansionist potential.
    third Rome
  22. __________, called the Terrible, continued the policy of Russian expansion with emphasis on confirming the power of the tsarist autocracy.
    Ivan IV
  23. Russian nobles were called ______
  24. Peasants, called __________, were recruited to migrate to uninhabited lands in southern Russia where they combined agriculture with daring military feats on horseback.
  25. The tsars imported Italian artists and craftsmen to design church buildings and the magnificent royal palace in the __________ in Moscow.
  26. Following the death of Tsar Ivan IV, Russia entered a politically disturbed era known as the __________.
    Time of Troubles
  27. In 1613 an assembly of Russian nobles chose a member of the __________ family as tsar.
  28. The first Romanov tsar, __________, established internal order following the era of political disturbance.
  29. __________ Romanov abolished the assemblies of nobles and gained new powers over the Russian church.
  30. The tsarist government exiled thousands of the "__________" attached to the former rituals and beliefs of the Orthodox Church to Siberia or southern Russia.
    old believers
  31. Tsar __________, son of Alexis, added a more definite interest in changing selected aspects of Russian economy and culture through imitation of Western forms.
    Peter I
  32. Peter the Great moved his capital from Moscow to a new Baltic city that he named __________.
    St. Petersburg
  33. The eighteenth-century female ruler of Russia, __________, flirted vigorously with the ideas of the French Enlightenment and invited French philosophers for visits.
    Catherine the Great
  34. Three __________ in 1772, 1793, and 1795 eliminated Poland as an independent state and gave Russia the lion's share of the spoils.
  35. _________, a Cossack chieftain who claimed to be the legitimate tsar, launched a rebellion against tsarist authority and promised to abolish serfdom, taxation, and military conscription.
    Emelian Pugachev
  36. In 1500, __________, formed by a union with Lithuania, was the largest state in Eastern Europe aside from Russia.