ARC Midterm 2 pt 2

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    • Flying buttresses allowed the vertical, tall, and narrow construction.
    • Light Floods into the room due to grand windows, made only possible by loads being carried away by buttresses.
    • With stone, everyting had to be under compression. Walls could be made taller, but timber was not tall enough, so they created spiral staricases and nothces for suspended platforms.
    • Trusses of the roof were built on the ground, and hoisted via a pulley powered by human hamster wheel.
    • Vaults were built with stone-suspended ropes hung over to counteract the leaning weight.
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    S. Maria della Fiore - Arnolfo di Cambio and Filppo Brunelleschi

    • Built in order to revitalize Italian cultural identity, wanted to build a large dome at the end.
    • Dome was lifted on to a drum, and was built on a ribbed framework, on top of a secondary dome, w/space in between.
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    Sydney Opera House - Jorn Utzon

    • Wanted a building that would be iconic for Australia. Eeero Saarinen finalized the decision
    • Utzon cut a grapefruit, and learned that casting pieces from a sphere will allow them to have uniform radius.
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    Cameron Offices - John Andrews

    Made of several wings, oriented east-west, glass or "south" side, awnings and solar shading on the "south side". Minimcal facade and glass from east-west. Interior oasis and pool cools the air so temperature differential will not be so high with the A/C.
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    Tenneco Building - Houston, S.O.M.

    Despite poor massing and fenestration placement, the windows and glass extend far behind the outer frame of the building, creating a microclimate layer.
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    Secretariat Building - Le Corbusier

    Not cardinal points, but long faces face SE and NW due to diagonal orientation of the Himalayas, which Chandrigarh lies between. Varied size of sunshades to reflect different sun levels in different rooms. Windows set in deep relief to provide solar shade.
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    Palace of Justice - Le Corbusier

    Building is tucked under a giant parasol, which also collects water to cool the building. Also, the south side of the building has vertical panels that block out the sun even further, with solar shade behind it.
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    Assembly Building - Le Corbusier

    Massive porch with an upturned vault. All light coming from NE is blocked by piers and sunshades. Assumbly structure at the top is cropped toward SE, tracks sun movements. Fins on the SE facade due south, like PCL, blocking all sun from penetrating.
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    Dominus Winery - Herzog & de Meuron
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    Simpson-Lee House - Glenn Murcutt
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    Rough Creek Lodge - Page Southerland
Author:
kingofaces11
ID:
143278
Card Set:
ARC Midterm 2 pt 2
Updated:
2012-03-27 05:54:44
Tags:
Architecture Society
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Description:
Building Identification
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